Provided by: libtm-perl_1.56-10_all bug


       TM::Index - Topic Maps, generic indexing support

          # this package only provides generic functionality
          # see TM::Index::* for specific indices


       One performance bottleneck when using the TM package or any of its subclasses are the low-
       level query functions "match_forall" and "match_exists". They are looking for assertions
       of a certain nature. Almost all high-level functions, and certainly TM::TS (TempleScript)
       use these.

       This package (actually more its subclasses) provides an indexing mechanism to speed up the
       "match_*" functions by caching some results in a very specific way. When an index is
       attached to a map, then it will intercept all queries going to these functions.

   Open vs. Closed Index
       There are two options:

           The default is to keep the index lazy. In this mode the index is empty at the start
           and it will learn more and more on its own. In this sense, the index lives under an
           open world assumption (hence the name), as the absence of information does not mean
           that there is no result.

           A closed world index has to be populated to be useful. If a query is launched and the
           result is stored in the index, then it will be used, like for an open index. If no
           result in the index is found for a query, the empty result will be assumed.

   Map Attachment
       To activate an index, you have to attach it to a map. This is done at constructor time.

       It is possible (not sure how useful it is) to have one particular index to be attached to
       several different maps. It is also possible to have several TM::Index::* indices attached
       to one map. They are then consulted in the sequence of attachments:

           my $idx1 = new TM::Index::Whatever  ($tm);
           my $idx2 = new TM::Index::Whatever2 ($tm);

       If $idx1 cannot help, then $idx2 is tried.

       NOTE: If you use several indices for the same map, then all of them MUST be declared as
       being open. If one of them were closed, it would give a definite answer and would make the
       machinery not look further into other indices. This implies that you will have to populate
       your index explicitly.

   Hash Technology
       The default implementation uses an in-memory hash, no further fancy. Optionally, you can
       provide your own hash object, also one which is tied to an DBM file, etc.


       The only mandatory parameter for the constructor is the map for which this index should
       apply. The map must be an instance of TM or any of its subclasses, otherwise an exception
       is the consequence.

       Optional parameters are

       "closed" (default: 0)
           This controls whether the index is operating under closed or open world assumptions.
           If it is specified to be closed the method "populate" will be triggered at the end of
           the constructor.

       "cache" (default: "{}")
           You optionally can pass in your own HASH reference.


          my $idx = new TM::Index::Match ($tm)

       NOTE: When the index object goes out of scope, the destructor will make the index detach
       itself from the map. Unfortunately, the exact moment when this happens is somehow
       undefined in Perl, so it is better to do this manually at the end.


           my $idx2 = new TM::Index::Match ($tm, closed => 1);
           } # destructor called and index detaches automatically, but only in theory

           my $idx2 = new TM::Index::Match ($tm, closed => 1);
           $idx2->detach; # better do things yourself


           This method attaches the index to the configured map. Normally you will not call this
           as the attachment is implicitly done at constructor time. The index itself is not
           destroyed; it is just deactivated to be used together with the map.

           @@ optional TM


           Makes the index detach safely from the map. The map is not harmed in this process.


           This throws away the index content.

           $bool = $idx->is_cached ($key)

           Given a key parameter, the cache is consulted whether it already has a result for this
           key. If the index is closed it will return the empty list (reference), if it has no
           result, otherwise it will give back "undef".

           $idx->do_cache ($key, $list_ref)

           Given a key and a list reference, it will store the list reference there in the cache.


       TM, TM::Index::Characteristics, TM::Index::Match


       Copyright 20(0[6]|10) by Robert Barta, <>

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.