Provided by: libtest-memorygrowth-perl_0.03-1_all bug

NAME

       "Test::MemoryGrowth" - assert that code does not cause growth in memory usage

SYNOPSIS

          use Test::More;
          use Test::MemoryGrowth;

          use Some::Class;

          no_growth {
             my $obj = Some::Class->new;
          } 'Constructing Some::Class does not grow memory';

          my $obj = Some::Class->new;
          no_growth {
             $obj->do_thing;
          } 'Some::Class->do_thing does not grow memory';

          #### This test will fail ####
          my @list;
          no_growth {
             push @list, "Hello world";
          } 'pushing to an array does not grow memory';

          done_testing;

DESCRIPTION

       This module provides a function to check that a given block of code does not result in the
       process consuming extra memory once it has finished. Despite the name of this module it
       does not, in the strictest sense of the word, test for a memory leak: that term is
       specifically applied to cases where memory has been allocated but all record of it has
       been lost, so it cannot possibly be reclaimed. While the method employed by this module
       can detect such bugs, it can also detect cases where memory is still referenced and
       reachable, but the usage has grown more than would be expected or necessary.

       The block of code will be run a large number of times (by default 10,000), and the
       difference in memory usage by the process before and after is compared. If the memory
       usage has now increased by more than one byte per call, then the test fails.

       In order to give the code a chance to load initial resources it needs, it will be run a
       few times first (by default 10); giving it a chance to load files, AUTOLOADs, caches, or
       any other information that it requires. Any extra memory usage here will not count against
       it.

       This simple method is not a guaranteed indicator of the absence of memory resource bugs
       from a piece of code; it has the possibility to fail in both a false-negative and a false-
       positive way.

       False Negative
           It is possible that a piece of code causes memory usage growth that this module does
           not detect. Because it only detects memory growth of at least one byte per call, it
           cannot detect cases of linear memory growth at lower rates than this. Most memory
           usage growth comes either from Perl-level or C-level bugs where memory objects are
           created at every call and not reclaimed again.  (These are either genuine memory
           leaks, or needless allocations of objects that are stored somewhere and never
           reclaimed). It is unlikely such a bug would result in a growth rate smaller than one
           byte per call.

           A second failure case comes from the fact that memory usage is taken from the
           Operating System's measure of the process's Virtual Memory size, so as to be able to
           detect memory usage growth in C libraries or XS-level wrapping code, as well as Perl
           functions. Because Perl does not aggressively return unused memory to the Operating
           System, it is possible that a piece of code could use un-allocated but un-reclaimed
           memory to grow into; resulting in an increase in its requirements despite not
           requesting extra memory from the Operating System.

       False Positive
           It is possible that the test will claim that a function grows in memory, when the
           behaviour is in fact perfectly normal for the code in question. For example, the code
           could simply be some function whose behaviour is required to store extra state; for
           example, adding a new item into a list. In this case it is in fact expected that the
           memory usage of the process will increase.

       By careful use of this test module, false indications can be minimised. By splitting tests
       across many test scripts, each one can be started in a new process state, where most of
       the memory assigned from the Operating System is in use by Perl, so anything extra that
       the code requires will have to request more. This should reduce the false negative
       indications.

       By keeping in mind that the module simply measures the change in allocated memory size,
       false positives can be minimised, by not attempting to assert that certain pieces of code
       do not grow in memory, when in fact it would be expected that they do.

   Devel::MAT Integration
       If Devel::MAT is installed, this test module will use it to dump the state of the memory
       after a failure. It will create a .pmat file named the same as the unit test, but with the
       trailing .t suffix replaced with -TEST.pmat where "TEST" is the number of the test that
       failed (in case there was more than one). It will then run the code under test one more
       time, before writing another file whose name is suffixed with -TEST-after.pmat.  This pair
       of files may be useful for differential analysis.

FUNCTIONS

   no_growth
          no_growth { CODE } %opts, $name

       Assert that the code block does not consume extra memory.

       Takes the following named arguments:

       calls => INT
               The number of times to call the code during growth testing.

       burn_in => INT
               The number of times to call the code initially, before watching for memory usage.

TODO

       ยท       Don't be Linux Specific

               Currently, this module uses a very Linux-specific method of determining process
               memory usage (namely, by inspecting /proc/self/status). This should really be
               fixed to some OS-neutral abstraction. Currently I am unaware of a simple portable
               mechanism to query this. Patches very much welcome. :)

AUTHOR

       Paul Evans <leonerd@leonerd.org.uk>