Provided by: libspecio-perl_0.44-1_all bug


       Test::Specio - Test helpers for Specio


       version 0.44


         use Test::Specio qw( test_constraint :vars );

             t('Foo'), {
                 accept => [ 'foo', 'bar' ],
                 reject => [ 42,    {}, $EMPTY_STRING, $HASH_REF ],


       This package provides some helper functions and variables for testing Specio types.


       This module provides the following exports:

   test_constraint( $type, $tests, [ $describer ] )
       This subroutine accepts two arguments. The first should be a Specio type object. The
       second is hashref which can contain the keys "accept" and "reject". Each key should
       contain an arrayref of values which the type accepts or rejects.

       The third argument is optional. This is a sub reference which will be called to generate a
       description of the value being tested. This defaults to calling this package's "describe"
       sub, but you can provide your own.

       Given a value, this subroutine returns a string describing that value in a useful way for
       test output. It know about the various classes used for the variables exported by this
       package and will do something intelligent when such a variable.

   builtins_tests( $GLOB, $GLOB_OVERLOAD, $GLOB_OVERLOAD_FH )
       This subroutine returns a hashref containing test variables for all builtin types. The
       hashref has a form like this:

             Bool => {
                 accept => [
                 reject => [
             Maybe => {...},

       You need to pass in a glob, an object which overloads globification, and an object which
       overloads globification to return an open filehandle. See below for more details on how to
       create these things.

       This module also exports many variables containing values which are useful for testing
       constraints. Note that references are always empty unless stated otherwise. You can import
       these variables individually or import all of them with the ":vars" import tag.

       ·   $ZERO

       ·   $ONE

       ·   $INT

           An arbitrary positive integer.

       ·   $NEG_INT

           An arbitrary negative integer.

       ·   $NUM

           An arbitrary positive non-integer number.

       ·   $NEG_NUM

           An arbitrary negative non-integer number.

       ·   $EMPTY_STRING

       ·   $STRING

           An arbitrary non-empty string.

       ·   $NUM_IN_STRING

           An arbitrary string which contains a number.

       ·   $INT_WITH_NL1

           An string containing an integer followed by a newline.

       ·   $INT_WITH_NL2

           An string containing a newline followed by an integer.

       ·   $SCALAR_REF

       ·   $SCALAR_REF_REF

           A reference containing a reference to a scalar.

       ·   $ARRAY_REF

       ·   $HASH_REF

       ·   $CODE_REF

       ·   $GLOB_REF

       ·   $FH

           An opened filehandle.

       ·   $FH_OBJECT

           An opened IO::File object.

       ·   $REGEX

           A regex created with "qr//".

       ·   $REGEX_OBJ

           A regex created with "qr//" that was then blessed into class.

       ·   $FAKE_REGEX

           A non-regex blessed into the "Regexp" class which Perl uses internally for "qr//"

       ·   $OBJECT

           An arbitrary object.

       ·   $UNDEF

       ·   $CLASS_NAME

           A string containing a loaded package name.


           An object which overloads boolification to return true.


           An object which overloads boolification to return false.


           An object which overloads stringification to return an empty string.


           An object which overloads stringification to return a non-empty string.


           An object which overloads stringification to return a loaded package name.


       ·   $NUM_OVERLOAD_ONE

       ·   $NUM_OVERLOAD_NEG



       ·   $CODE_OVERLOAD


           An object which overloads scalar dereferencing to return a non-empty string.

       ·   $ARRAY_OVERLOAD

           An object which overloads array dereferencing to return a non-empty array.

       ·   $HASH_OVERLOAD

           An object which overloads hash dereferencing to return a non-empty hash.

   Globs and the _T::GlobOverload package
       To create a glob you can pass around for tests, use this code:

         my $GLOB = do {
             no warnings 'once';

       The "_T::GlobOverload" package is defined when you load "Test::Specio" so you can create
       your own glob overloading objects. Such objects cannot be exported because the glob they
       return does not transfer across packages properly.

       You can create such a variable like this:

         local *FOO;
         my $GLOB_OVERLOAD = _T::GlobOverload->new( \*FOO );

       If you want to create a glob overloading object that returns a filehandle, do this:

         local *BAR;
         open BAR, '<', $0 or die "Could not open $0 for the test";
         my $GLOB_OVERLOAD_FH = _T::GlobOverload->new( \*BAR );


       Bugs may be submitted at <>.

       I am also usually active on IRC as 'autarch' on "irc://".


       The source code repository for Specio can be found at


       Dave Rolsky <>


       This software is Copyright (c) 2012 - 2019 by Dave Rolsky.

       This is free software, licensed under:

         The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)

       The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this