Provided by: libtest-tcp-perl_2.20-1_all bug

NAME

       Test::TCP - testing TCP program

SYNOPSIS

           use Test::TCP;

           my $server = Test::TCP->new(
               listen => 1,
               code => sub {
                   my $socket = shift;
                   ...
               },
           );
           my $client = MyClient->new(host => '127.0.0.1', port => $server->port);
           undef $server; # kill child process on DESTROY

       If using a server that can only accept a port number, e.g. memcached:

           use Test::TCP;

           my $memcached = Test::TCP->new(
               code => sub {
                   my $port = shift;

                   exec $bin, '-p' => $port;
                   die "cannot execute $bin: $!";
               },
           );
           my $memd = Cache::Memcached->new({servers => ['127.0.0.1:' . $memcached->port]});
           ...

       N.B.: This is vulnerable to race conditions, if another process binds to the same port
       after Net::EmptyPort found it available.

       And functional interface is available:

           use Test::TCP;
           test_tcp(
               listen => 1,
               client => sub {
                   my ($port, $server_pid) = @_;
                   # send request to the server
               },
               server => sub {
                   my $socket = shift;
                   # run server, calling $socket->accept
               },
           );

           test_tcp(
               client => sub {
                   my ($port, $server_pid) = @_;
                   # send request to the server
               },
               server => sub {
                   my $port = shift;
                   # run server, binding to $port
               },
           );

DESCRIPTION

       Test::TCP is a test utility to test TCP/IP-based server programs.

METHODS

       test_tcp
           Functional interface.

               test_tcp(
                   listen => 1,
                   client => sub {
                       my $port = shift;
                       # send request to the server
                   },
                   server => sub {
                       my $socket = shift;
                       # run server
                   },
                   # optional
                   host => '127.0.0.1', # specify '::1' to test using IPv6
                   port => 8080,
                   max_wait => 3, # seconds
               );

           If "listen" is false, "server" is instead passed a port number that was free before it
           was called.

       wait_port
               wait_port(8080);

           Waits for a particular port is available for connect.

Object Oriented interface

       my $server = Test::TCP->new(%args);
           Create new instance of Test::TCP.

           Arguments are following:

           $args{auto_start}: Boolean
               Call "$server->start()" after create instance.

               Default: true

           $args{code}: CodeRef
               The callback function. Argument for callback function is: "$code->($socket)" or
               "$code->($port)", depending on the value of "listen".

               This parameter is required.

           $args{max_wait} : Number
               Will wait for at most $max_wait seconds before checking port.

               See also Net::EmptyPort.

               Default: 10

           $args{listen} : Boolean
               If true, open a listening socket and pass this to the callback.  Otherwise find a
               free port and pass the number of it to the callback.

       $server->start()
           Start the server process. Normally, you don't need to call this method.

       $server->stop()
           Stop the server process.

       my $pid = $server->pid();
           Get the pid of child process.

       my $port = $server->port();
           Get the port number of child process.

FAQ

       How to invoke two servers?
           You can call test_tcp() twice!

               test_tcp(
                   client => sub {
                       my $port1 = shift;
                       test_tcp(
                           client => sub {
                               my $port2 = shift;
                               # some client code here
                           },
                           server => sub {
                               my $port2 = shift;
                               # some server2 code here
                           },
                       );
                   },
                   server => sub {
                       my $port1 = shift;
                       # some server1 code here
                   },
               );

           Or use the OO interface instead.

               my $server1 = Test::TCP->new(code => sub {
                   my $port1 = shift;
                   ...
               });
               my $server2 = Test::TCP->new(code => sub {
                   my $port2 = shift;
                   ...
               });

               # your client code here.
               ...

       How do you test server program written in other languages like memcached?
           You can use "exec()" in child process.

               use strict;
               use warnings;
               use utf8;
               use Test::More;
               use Test::TCP 1.08;
               use File::Which;

               my $bin = scalar which 'memcached';
               plan skip_all => 'memcached binary is not found' unless defined $bin;

               my $memcached = Test::TCP->new(
                   code => sub {
                       my $port = shift;

                       exec $bin, '-p' => $port;
                       die "cannot execute $bin: $!";
                   },
               );

               use Cache::Memcached;
               my $memd = Cache::Memcached->new({servers => ['127.0.0.1:' . $memcached->port]});
               $memd->set(foo => 'bar');
               is $memd->get('foo'), 'bar';

               done_testing;

       How do I use address other than "127.0.0.1" for testing?
           You can use the "host" parameter to specify the bind address.

               # let the server bind to "0.0.0.0" for testing
               test_tcp(
                   client => sub {
                       ...
                   },
                   server => sub {
                       ...
                   },
                   host => '0.0.0.0',
               );

       How should I write IPv6 tests?
           You should use the `Net::EmptyPort::can_bind` function to check if the program can
           bind to the loopback address of IPv6, as well as the `host` parameter of the
           `test_tcp` function to specify the same address as the bind address.

               use Net::EmptyPort qw(can_bind);

               plan skip_all => "IPv6 not available"
                   unless can_bind('::1');

               test_tcp(
                   client => sub {
                       ...
                   },
                   server => sub {
                       ...
                   },
                   host => '::1',
               );

AUTHOR

       Tokuhiro Matsuno <tokuhirom@gmail.com>

THANKS TO

       kazuhooku

       dragon3

       charsbar

       Tatsuhiko Miyagawa

       lestrrat

SEE ALSO

LICENSE

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.