Provided by: libtext-mecab-perl_0.20016-2build2_amd64 bug

NAME

       Text::MeCab - Alternate Interface To libmecab

SYNOPSIS

         use Text::MeCab;
         my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new({
           rcfile             => $rcfile,
           dicdir             => $dicdir,
           userdic            => $userdic,
           lattice_level      => $lattice_level,
           all_morphs         => $all_morphs,
           output_format_type => $output_format_type,
           partial            => $partial,
           node_format        => $node_format,
           unk_format         => $unk_format,
           bos_format         => $bos_format,
           eos_format         => $eos_format,
           input_buffer_size  => $input_buffer_size,
           allocate_sentence  => $allocate_sentence,
           nbest              => $nbest,
           theta              => $theta,
         });

         for (my $node = $mecab->parse($text); $node; $node = $node->next) {
            # See perdoc for Text::MeCab::Node for list of methods
            print $node->surface, "\n";
         }

         # use constants
         use Text::MeCab qw(:all);
         use Text::MeCab qw(MECAB_NOR_NODE);

         # check what mecab version we compiled against?
         print "Compiled with ", &Text::MeCab::MECAB_VERSION, "\n";

DESCRIPTION

       libmecab (http://mecab.sourceforge.ne.jp) already has a perl interface built with it, so
       why a new module? I just feel that while a subtle difference, making the perl interface
       through a tied hash is just... weird.

       So Text::MeCab gives you a more natural, Perl-ish way to access libmecab!

       WARNING: Version 0.20015 has only been tested against libmecab 0.99.

INSTALLATION

       You need to have mecab already installed. You also need a dictionary, such as ipadic.

       Because we want to work with UTF-8 internally, we need to know what your dictionary's
       charset is. You need to tell our probe script (which gets invoked by Makefile.PL)
       interactively asks you this. If you want to specify it from elsewhere, you need to specify
       via environment variable:

           PERL_TEXT_MECAB_ENCODING=utf-8 perl Makefile.PL
           # or, say, you're using cpanm
           PERL_TEXT_MECAB_ENCODING=utf-8 cpanm Text::MeCab

       If you want to build Text::MeCab with debugging info, specify it on the command line to
       Makefile.PL:

           perl Makefile.PL --debugging

Text::MeCab AND FORMATS

       mecab allows users to specify an output format, via --*-format options.  These are
       respected ONLY if you use the format() method:

         my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new({
           output_format_type => "user",
           node_format => "%m %pn"
         });

         for(my $node = $mecab->parse($text); $node; $node = $node->next) {
           print $node->format($mecab);
         }

       Note that you also need to set the output_format_type parameter as well.

Text::MeCab AND SCOPING

       [NOTE: The memory management issue has been changed since 0.09]

       libmecab's default behavior is such that when you analyze a text and get a node back, that
       node is tied to the mecab "tagger" object that performed the analysis. Therefore, when
       that tagger is destroyed via mecab_destroy(), all nodes that are associated to it are
       freed as well.

       Text::MeCab defaults to the same behavior, so the following won't work:

         sub get_mecab_node {
            my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new;
            my $node  = $mecab->parse($_[0]);
            return $node;
         }

         my $node = get_mecab_node($text);

       By the time get_mecab_node() returns, the Text::MeCab object is DESTROY'ed, and so is
       $node (actually, the object exists, but it will complain when you try to access the node's
       internals, because the C struct that was there has already been freed).

       In such cases, use the dclone() method. This will copy the *entire* node structure and
       create a new Text::MeCab::Node::Cloned instance.

         sub get_mecab_node {
            my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new;
            my $node  = $mecab->parse($_[0]);
            return $node->dclone();
         }

       The returned Text::MeCab::Node::Cloned object is exactly the same as Text::MeCab::Node
       object on the surface. It just uses a different but very similar C struct underneath. It
       is blessed into a different namespace only because we need to use a different memory
       management strategy.

       Do be aware of the memory issue. You WILL use up twice as much memory.

       Also please note that if you try the first example, accessing the node *WILL* result in a
       segfault. This is *NOT* a bug: it's a feature :) While it is possible to control the
       memory management such that accessing a field in a node that has already expired results
       in a legal croak(), we do not go to the length to ensure this, because it will result in a
       performance penalty.

       Just remember that unless you dclone() a node, then you are NOT allowed to access it when
       the original tagger goes out scope:

          {
              my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new;
              $node = $mecab->parse(...);
          }

          $node->surface; # segfault!!!!

       Always remember to dclone() before doing this!

PERFORMANCE

       Belows is the result of running tools/benchmark.pl on my PowerBook:

         daisuke@beefcake Text-MeCab$ perl tools/benchmark.pl
                      Rate      mecab text_mecab
         mecab      5.53/s         --       -63%
         text_mecab 14.9/s       170%         --

METHODS

   new HASHREF | LIST
       Creates a new Text::MeCab instance.

       You can either specify a hashref and use named parameters, or you can use the exact
       command line arguments that the mecab command accepts.

       Below is the list of accepted named options. See the man page for mecab for details about
       each option.

       rcfile
       dicdir
       lattice_level
       all_morphs
       output_format_type
       partial t =item node_format
       unk_format
       bos_format
       eos_format
       input_buffer_size
       allocate_sentence
       nbest
       theta

   $node = $tagger->parse(SCALAR)
       Parses the given text via mecab, and returns a Text::MeCab::Node object.

   $version = Text::MeCab::version()
       The version number, as returned by libmecab's mecab_version();

   CONSTANTS
       ENCODING
             my $encoding = Text::MeCab::ENCODING

           Returns the encoding of the underlying mecab library that was detected at compile
           time.

       MECAB_VERSION
           The version number, same as Text::MeCab::version()

       MECAB_TARGET_VERSION
           The version number detected at compile time of Text::MeCab.

       MECAB_TARGET_MAJOR_VERSION
           The version number detected at compile time of Text::MeCab.

       MECAB_TARGET_MINOR_VERSION
           The version number detected at compile time of Text::MeCab.

       MECAB_CONFIG
           Path to mecab-config, if available.

       MECAB_NOR_NODE
       MECAB_UNK_NODE
       MECAB_BOS_NODE
       MECAB_EOS_NODE
       MECAB_EON_NODE
       MECAB_SYS_DIC
       MECAB_USR_DIC
       MECAB_UNK_DIC
       MECAB_ONE_BEST
       MECAB_NBEST
       MECAB_PARTIAL
       MECAB_MARGINAL_PROB
       MECAB_ALTERNATIVE
       MECAB_ALL_MORPHS
       MECAB_ALLOCATE_SENTENCE

SEE ALSO

       http://mecab.sourceforge.ne.jp

LICENSE

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

AUTHOR

       Copyright (c) 2006-2011 Daisuke Maki <daisuke@endeworks.jp> All rights reserved.