Provided by: libtext-micromason-perl_2.22-1_all bug

NAME

       Text::MicroMason - Simple and Extensible Templating

SYNOPSIS

       Mason syntax provides several ways to mix Perl into a text template:

           <%args>
             $name
           </%args>
           % if ( $name eq 'Dave' ) {
             I'm sorry <% $name %>, I'm afraid I can't do that right now.
           % } else {
             <%perl>
               my $hour = (localtime)[2];
               my $daypart = ( $hour > 11 ) ? 'afternoon' : 'morning';
             </%perl>
             Good <% $daypart %>, <% $name %>!
           % }

       Create a MicroMason object to interpret the templates:

           use Text::MicroMason;
           $mason = Text::MicroMason->new();

       Use the compile method to convert templates into a subroutines:

           $coderef = $mason->compile( text=>$template );
           print $coderef->('name'=>'Alice');

       Or use the execute method to parse and evaluate in one call:

           print $mason->execute( text=>$template, 'name'=>'Bob' );

       Templates stored in files can be run directly or included in others:

           print $mason->execute( file=>"./greeting.msn", 'name'=>'Charles');

       For additional features, select mixin classes to add to your MicroMason object:

           $mason = Text::MicroMason->new( qw( -CatchErrors -Safe -Filters ) );

       You can import various functions if you prefer to avoid method calls:

           use Text::MicroMason::Functions qw( compile execute );

           print execute($template, 'name'=>'Dave');

           $coderef = compile($template);
           print $coderef->('name'=>'Bob');

DESCRIPTION

       Text::MicroMason interpolates blocks of Perl code embedded into text strings.

       Each MicroMason object acts as a "template compiler," which converts templates from text-
       with-embedded-code formats into ready-to-execute Perl subroutines.

   MicroMason Initialization
       Use the new() method to create a Text::MicroMason object with the appropriate mixins and
       attributes.

         $mason = Text::MicroMason->new( %attribs );

       You may pass attributes as key-value pairs to the new() method to save various options for
       later use by the compile() method.

   Template Compilation
       To compile a text template, pass it to the compile() method to produce a new Perl
       subroutine to be returned as a code reference:

         $code_ref = $mason->compile( $type => $source, %attribs );

       Any attributes provided to compile() will temporarily override the persistent options
       defined by new(), for that template only.

       You can provide the template as a text string, a file name, or an open file handle:

         $code_ref = $mason->compile( text => $template );
         $code_ref = $mason->compile( text => \$template );
         $code_ref = $mason->compile( file => $filename );
         $code_ref = $mason->compile( handle => $fh );
         $code_ref = $mason->compile( handle => \*FILE );

       Template files are just plain text files that contains the string to be parsed. The files
       may have any name and extension you wish. The filename specified can either be absolute or
       relative to the program's current directory.

   Template Execution
       To execute the template and obtain the output, call a compiled function:

         $result = $code_ref->( @arguments );

       (Note that the $code_ref->() syntax is unavailable in older versions of Perl; use the
       equivalent &$code_ref() syntax instead.)

       As a shortcut, the execute method compiles and runs the template one time:

         $result = $mason->execute( $type => $source, @arguments );
         $result = $mason->execute( $type => $source, \%attribs, @arguments );

   Argument Passing
       You can pass arguments to a template subroutine using positional or named arguments.

       For positional arguments, pass the argument list and read from @_ as usual:

         $mason->compile( text=>'Hello <% shift(@_) %>.' )->( 'Dave' );

       For named arguments, pass in a hash of key-value pairs to be made accessible in an %ARGS
       hash within the template subroutine:

         $mason->compile( text=>'Hello <% $ARGS{name} %>.' )->( name=>'Dave' );

       Additionally, you can use named arguments with the %args block syntax:

         $mason->compile( text=>'<%args>$name</%args>Hello <% $name %>.' )->( name=>'Dave' );

   Mixin Selection
       Arguments passed to new() that begin with a dash will be added as mixin classes.

         $mason = Text::MicroMason->new( -Mixin1, %attribs, -Mixin2 );

       Every MicroMason object inherits from an abstract Base class and some set of mixin
       classes. By combining mixins you can create subclasses with the desired combination of
       features. See Text::MicroMason::Base for documentation of the base class, including
       private methods and extension mechanisms.

       If you call the new method on Text::MicroMason, it automatically includes the HTMLMason
       mixin, which provides the standard template syntax. If you want to create an object
       without the default HTMLMason functionality, call Text::MicroMason::Base->new() instead.

       Some mixins define the syntax for a particular template format. You will generally need to
       select one, and only one, of the mixins listed in "TEMPLATE SYNTAXES".

       Other mixins provide optional functionality. Those mixins may define additional public
       methods, and may support or require values for various additional attributes. For a list
       of such mixin classes, see "MIXIN FEATURES".

TEMPLATE SYNTAXES

       Templates contain a mix of literal text to be output with some type of markup syntax which
       specifies more complex behaviors.

       The Text::MicroMason::HTMLMason mixin is selected by default. To enable an alternative,
       pass its name to Text::MicroMason::Base->new( - MixinName ).

   HTMLMason
       The HTMLMason mixin provides lexer and assembler methods that handle most elements of
       HTML::Mason's template syntax.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -HTMLMason );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, name => 'Bob' );

           <%args>
             $name => 'Guest'
           </%args>

           % if ( $name eq 'Dave' ) {
             I'm sorry <% $name %>, I'm afraid I can't do that right now.
           % } else {
             <%perl>
               my $hour = (localtime)[2];
               my $daypart = ( $hour > 11 ) ? 'afternoon' : 'morning';
             </%perl>
             Good <% $daypart %>, <% $name %>!
           % }

           <& "includes/standard_footer.msn" &>

           <%doc>
             Here's a private developr comment describing this template.
           </%doc>

       For a definition of the template syntax, see Text::MicroMason::HTMLMason.

   DoubleQuote
       The DoubleQuote mixin uses Perl's double-quoting interpolation as a minimalist syntax for
       templating.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -DoubleQuote );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, name => 'Bob' );

           ${ $::hour = (localtime)[2];
             $::daypart = ( $::hour > 11 ) ? 'afternoon' : 'morning';
           \'' }
           Good $::daypart, $ARGS{name}!

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::DoubleQuote.

   Embperl
       The Embperl mixin support a template syntax similar to that used by the HTML::Embperl
       module.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -Embperl );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, name => 'Bob' );

           [- my $name = $ARGS{name}; -]
           [$ if $name eq 'Dave' $]
             I'm sorry [+ $name +], I'm afraid I can't do that right now.
           [$ else $]
             [-
               my $hour = (localtime)[2];
               my $daypart = ( $hour > 11 ) ? 'afternoon' : 'morning';
             -]
             Good [+ $daypart +], [+ $name +]!
           [$ endif $]

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::Embperl.

   HTMLTemplate
       The HTMLTemplate mixin supports a syntax similar to that used by the HTML::Template
       module.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -HTMLTemplate );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, name => 'Bob' );

           <TMPL_IF NAME="user_is_dave">
             I'm sorry <TMPLVAR NAME="name">, I'm afraid I can't do that right now.
           <TMPL_ELSE>
             <TMPL_IF NAME="daytime_is_morning">
               Good morning, <TMPLVAR NAME="name">!
             <TMPL_ELSE>
               Good afternoon, <TMPLVAR NAME="name">!
             </TMPL_IF>
           </TMPL_IF>

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::HTMLTemplate.

   ServerPages
       The ServerPages mixin supports a syntax similar to that used by the Apache::ASP module.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -ServerPages );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, name => 'Bob' );

           <% my $name = $ARGS{name};
             if ( $name eq 'Dave' ) {  %>
             I'm sorry <%= $name %>, I'm afraid I can't do that right now.
           <% } else {
               my $hour = (localtime)[2];
               my $daypart = ( $hour > 11 ) ? 'afternoon' : 'morning';
             %>
             Good <%= $daypart %>, <%= $name %>!
           <% } %>

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::ServerPages.

   Sprintf
       The Sprintf mixin uses Perl's sprintf formatting syntax for templating.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -Sprintf );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, 'morning', 'Bob' );

           Good %s, %s!

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::Sprintf.

   TextTemplate
       The TextTemplate mixin supports a syntax similar to that used by the Text::Template
       module.

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason::Base->new( -TextTemplate );
         my $output = $mason->execute( text => $template, name => 'Bob' );

           { $hour = (localtime)[2];
             $daypart = ( $hour > 11 ) ? 'afternoon' : 'morning';
           '' }
           Good { $daypart }, { $name }!

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::TextTemplate.

MIXIN FEATURES

       The following mixin classes can be layered on to your MicroMason object to provide
       additional functionality.

       To add a mixin's functionality, pass it's name with a dash to the new() method:

         $mason = Text::MicroMason->new( -CatchErrors, -PostProcess );

   AllowGlobals
       Enables access to a set of package variables to be shared with templates.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::AllowGlobals.

   CatchErrors
       Both compilation and run-time errors in your template are handled as fatal exceptions. To
       prevent a template error from ending your program, enclose it in an eval block:

         my $result = eval { $mason->execute( text => $template ) };
         if ( $@ ) {
           print "Unable to execute template: $@";
         } else {
           print $result;
         }

       To transparently add this functionality to your MicroMason object, see
       Text::MicroMason::CatchErrors.

   CompileCache
       Calling execute repeatedly will be slower than compiling once and calling the template
       function repeatedly, unless you enable compilation caching.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::CompileCache.

   Debug
       When trying to debug a template problem, it can be helpful to watch the internal processes
       of template compilation. This mixin adds controllable warning messages that show the
       intermediate parse information.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::Debug.

   LineNumbers
       Provide better line numbers when compilation fails, at the cost of potentially slower
       compilation and execution.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::LineNumbers.

   ExecuteCache
       Each time you execute the template all of the logic will be re- evaluated, unless you
       enable execution caching, which stores the output of each template for each given set of
       arguments.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::ExecuteCache.

   Filters
       HTML::Mason provides an expression filtering mechanism which is typically used for
       applying HTML and URL escaping functions to output.

         Text::MicroMason->new(-Filters)->compile( text => $template );

         <p> Hello <% $name |h %>!

       The Filters mixin provides this capability for Text::MicroMason templates. To select it,
       add its name to your Mason initialization call:

         my $mason = Text::MicroMason->new( -Filters );

       Output expressions may then be followed by "|h" or "|u" escapes; for example this line
       would convert any ampersands in the output to the equivalent HTML entity:

         Welcome to <% $company_name |h %>

       For more information see Text::MicroMason::Filters.

   PassVariables
       Allows you to pass arguments to templates as variables instead of the basic argument list.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::PostProcess.

   PostProcess
       Allows you to specify one or more functions through which all template output should be
       passed before it is returned.

       For details see Text::MicroMason::PostProcess.

   Safe
       By default, the code embedded in a template has accss to all of the capabilities of your
       Perl process, and could potentially perform dangerous activities such as accessing or
       modifying files and starting other programs.

       If you need to execute untrusted templates, use the Safe module, which can restrict the
       operations and data structures that template code can access.

       To add this functionality to your MicroMason object, see Text::MicroMason::Safe.

   TemplateDir
       The filenames passed to the compile() or execute() methods can be looked up relative to a
       base directory path or the current template file.

       To add this functionality to your MicroMason object, see Text::MicroMason::TemplateDir.

   TemplatePath
       The filenames passed to the compile() or execute() methods are looked up relative to a
       list of multiple base directory paths, in order. It tries as hard as possible to maintain
       compatibility with caching and <& &> template includes.

       To add this functionality to your MicroMason object, see Text::MicroMason::TemplatePath.

OTHER INTERFACES

   Function Exporter
       Importable functions are provided for users who prefer a procedural interface.

       The supported functions are listed in Text::MicroMason::Functions.  (For backwards
       compatibility, those functions can also be imported from the main Text::MicroMason
       package.)

   Template Frameworks
       Adaptor modules are available to use MicroMason from within other frameworks.  For more
       information, see Any::Template::Backend::Text::MicroMason and Catalyst::View::MicroMason.

   Inline
       MicroMason templates can be embbeded within your source code using Inline.  For more
       information, see Inline::Mason.

EXCEPTIONS

       Text::MicroMason croaks on error, with an appropriate error string. Some commonly
       occurring error messages are described below (where %s indicates variable message text).
       See also the pod for each mixin class, for additional exception strings that may be
       thrown.

       ·   MicroMason parsing halted at %s

           Indicates that the parser was unable to finish tokenising the source text. Generally
           this means that there is a bug somewhere in the regular expressions used by lex().

           (If you encounter this error, please feel free to file a bug report or send an example
           of the error to the author using the addresses below, and I'll attempt to correct it
           in a future release.)

       ·   MicroMason compilation failed: %s

           The template was parsed successfully, but the Perl subroutine declaration it was
           converted to failed to compile. This is generally a result of a syntax error in one of
           the Perl expressions used within the template.

       ·   Error in template subroutine: %s

           Additional diagnostic for compilation errors, showing the text of the subroutine which
           failed to compile.

       ·   Error in template file %s, interpreted as: %s

           Additional diagnostic for compilation errors in external files, showing the filename
           and the text of the subroutine which failed to compile.

       ·   MicroMason execution failed: %s

           After parsing and compiling the template successfully, the subroutine was run and
           caused a fatal exception, generally because that some Perl code used within the
           template caused die() to be called (or an equivalent function like croak or confess).

       ·   MicroMason: filename is missing or empty

           One of the compile or execute methods was called with an empty or undefined filename,
           or one of the compile_file or execute_file methods was called with no arguments.

       ·   MicroMason can't read from %s: %s

           One of the compile_file or execute_file functions was called but we were unable to
           read the requested file, because the file path is incorrect or we have insufficient
           privileges to read that file.

SEE ALSO

       For distribution, installation, support, copyright and license information, see
       Text::MicroMason::Docs::ReadMe.