Provided by: libtry-tiny-smartcatch-perl_0.5-1_all bug


       Try::Tiny::SmartCatch - lightweight Perl module for powerful exceptions handling


       Version 0.5


           use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch;

           try sub {}, # at least one try block
           catch_when 'ExceptionName' => sub {}, # zero or more catch_when blocks
           catch_when 'exception message' => sub {},
           catch_when qr/exception  message regexp/ => sub {},
           catch_default sub {}, # zero or one catch_default block
           then sub {}, # if no exception is raised, execute then block
           finally sub {}; #zero or more finally blocks

           use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch qw/throw/; # import only throw
           # You can import also all function at once:
           # use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch qw/:all/;
           throw('some exception');
           throw(SomeException->new ('message'));


       Goals are mostly the same as Try::Tiny module, but there are few changes to it's
       specification. Main difference is possibility to catch just some kinds of exceptions in
       place of catching everything. Another one is slightly changed syntax.

       When raised exception is an object, Try::Tiny::SmartCatch will test for exception type
       (using "UNIVERSAL::isa"). When raised exception is just a text message (like: "die
       ('message')"), there can be specified part of message to test for.

       There are also explicit "sub" blocks. In opposite to "Try::Tiny", every block in
       "Try::Tiny::SmartCatch": "try", "catch_when", "catch_default", "then" and "finally" must
       have explicit subroutines specified. Thanks to trick with function prototype, calling
       "Try::Tiny::try" or "Try::Tiny::catch" creates implicit subroutines:

           sub test_function {
               try {
                   # yes, here is implicit subroutine!
                   # return statement here exits just from try block,
                   # not from test_function!
                   return 1;

               say 'Hello!';


       Above snippet produces us text on STDOUT: "Hello!"

       But more obvious would be no output... (by "return" statement). This is because of
       implicit subroutine created with braces: "{}" after "try",
        "catch" or "finally" from "Try::Tiny". "Try::Tiny::SmartCatch" is more explicit - you
       must always use "sub" when defining blocks (look at [Syntax](#Syntax) above).

       An exception object or message is passed to defined blocks in two ways: * in $_ variable *
       as function arguments, so through @_ array.

       Try::Tiny::SmartCatch defines also "throw" function (not imported by default). Currently
       it is an alias for "die", but is more explicit then "die" :)

       It can be imported separately:

           use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch qw/throw/;

       Or with rest of functions:

           use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch qw/:all/;


       By default exported are functions:


       You can also explicit import "throw" function:

           use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch qw/throw/;

       Or all functions at all:

           use Try::Tiny::SmartCatch qw/:all/;


       Works like Try::Tiny "try" subroutine, here is nothing to add :)

       The only difference is that here must be given evident sub reference, not anonymous block:

           try sub {
               # some code

       Intended to be used in the second argument position of "try".

       Works similarly to Try::Tiny "catch" subroutine, but have a little different syntax:

           try sub {
               # some code
           catch_when 'Exception1' => sub {
               # catch only Exception1 exception
           catch_when ['Exception1', 'Exception2'] => sub {
               # catch Exception2 or Exception3 exceptions

       If raised exception is a blessed reference (or object), "Exception1" means that exception
       class has to be or inherits from "Exception1" class. In other case, it search for given
       string in exception message (using "index" function or regular expressions - depending on
       type of given operator). For example:

           try sub {
               throw('some exception message');
           catch_when 'exception' => sub {
               say 'exception caught!';

       Other case:

           try sub {
               throw('some exception3 message');
           catch_when qr/exception\d/ => sub {
               say 'exception caught!';


           try sub {
               # ValueError extends RuntimeError
               throw(ValueError->new ('Some error message'));
           catch_when 'RuntimeError' => sub {
               say 'RuntimeError exception caught!';

       Works exactly like Try::Tiny "catch" function (OK, there is difference: need to specify
       evident sub block instead of anonymous block):

           try sub {
               # some code
           catch_default sub {
               say 'caught every exception';

       "then" block is executed after "try" clause, if none of "catch_when" or "catch_default"
       blocks was executed (it means, if no exception occured).  It's executed before "finally"

           try sub {
               # some code
           catch_when 'MyException' => sub {
               say 'caught MyException exception';
           then sub {
               say 'No exception was raised';
           finally sub {
               say 'executed always';

       Works exactly like Try::Tiny "finally" function (OK, again, explicit sub instead of

           try sub {
               # some code
           finally sub {
               say 'executed always';

       Currently it's an alias to "die" function, but "throw" is more obvious then "die" when
       working with exceptions :)

       In future it also can do more then just call "die".

       It's not exported by default (see: "EXPORT")


           Try::Tiny::SmartCatch home.

           Minimal try/catch with proper localization of $@, base of Try::Tiny::SmartCatch

           First class try catch semantics for Perl, without source filters.


       Marcin Sztolcman, "<marcin at>"


       Please report any bugs or feature requests through the web interface at


       You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

           perldoc Try::Tiny::SmartCatch

       You can also look for information at:

       ·   Try::Tiny::SmartCatch home & source code


       ·   Issue tracker (report bugs here)


       ·   Search CPAN



       Yuval Kogman
           for his Try::Tiny module

       mst - Matt S Trout (cpan:MSTROUT) <>
           for good package name and few great features


           Copyright (c) 2012-2013 Marcin Sztolcman. All rights reserved.

           Base code is borrowed from Yuval Kogman L<Try::Tiny> module,
           released under MIT License.

           This program is free software; you can redistribute
           it and/or modify it under the terms of the MIT license.