Provided by: libtrycatch-perl_1.003002-2build4_amd64 bug

NAME

       TryCatch - first class try catch semantics for Perl, without source filters.

DESCRIPTION

       This module aims to provide a nicer syntax and method to catch errors in Perl, similar to
       what is found in other languages (such as Java, Python or C++).  The standard method of
       using "eval {}; if ($@) {}" is often prone to subtle bugs, primarily that its far too easy
       to stomp on the error in error handlers.  And also eval/if isn't the nicest idiom.

SYNOPSIS

        use TryCatch;

        sub foo {
          my ($self) = @_;

          try {
            die Some::Class->new(code => 404 ) if $self->not_found;
            return "return value from foo";
          }
          catch (Some::Class $e where { $_->code > 100 } ) {
          }
        }

SYNTAX

       This module aims to give first class exception handling to perl via 'try' and 'catch'
       keywords. The basic syntax this module provides is "try { # block }" followed by zero or
       more catch blocks. Each catch block has an optional type constraint on it the resembles
       Perl6's method signatures.

       Also worth noting is that the error variable ($@) is localised to the try/catch blocks and
       will not leak outside the scope, or stomp on a previous value of $@.

       The simplest case of a catch block is just

        catch { ... }

       where upon the error is available in the standard $@ variable and no type checking is
       performed. The exception can instead be accessed via a named lexical variable by providing
       a simple signature to the catch block as follows:

        catch ($err) { ... }

       Type checking of the exception can be performed by specifing a type constraint or where
       clauses in the signature as follows:

        catch (TypeFoo $e) { ... }
        catch (Dict[code => Int, message => Str] $err) { ... }

       As shown in the above example, complex Moose types can be used, including MooseX::Types
       style of type constraints

       In addition to type checking via Moose type constraints, you can also use where clauses to
       only match a certain sub-condition on an error. For example, assuming that "HTTPError" is
       a suitably defined TC:

        catch (HTTPError $e where { $_->code >= 400 && $_->code <= 499 } ) {
          return "4XX error";
        }
        catch (HTTPError $e) {
          return "other http code";
        }

       would return "4XX error" in the case of a 404 error, and "other http code" in the case of
       a 302.

       In the case where multiple catch blocks are present, the first one that matches the type
       constraints (if any) will executed.

BENEFITS

       return. You can put a return in a try block, and it would do the right thing - namely
       return a value from the subroutine you are in, instead of just from the eval block.

       Type Checking. This is nothing you couldn't do manually yourself, it does it for you using
       Moose type constraints.

TODO

       ·   Decide on "finally" semantics w.r.t return values.

       ·   Write some more documentation

       ·   Split out the dependancy on Moose

SEE ALSO

       MooseX::Types, Moose::Util::TypeConstraints, Parse::Method::Signatures.

AUTHOR

       Ash Berlin <ash@cpan.org>

THANKS

       Thanks to Matt S Trout and Florian Ragwitz for work on Devel::Declare and various B::Hooks
       modules

       Vincent Pit for Scope::Upper that makes the return from block possible.

       Zefram for providing support and XS guidance.

       Xavier Bergade for the impetus to finally fix this module in 5.12.

LICENSE

       Licensed under the same terms as Perl itself.