Provided by: libunicode-stringprep-perl_1.105+dfsg-1_all bug


       Unicode::Stringprep - Preparation of Internationalized Strings (RFC 3454)


         use Unicode::Stringprep;
         use Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping;
         use Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited;

         my $prepper = Unicode::Stringprep->new(
           [ { 32 => '<SPACE>'},  ],
           [ @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C12, @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C22,
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C3, @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C4,
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C5, @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C6,
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C7, @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C8,
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C9 ],
           1, 0 );
         $output = $prepper->($input)


       This module implements the stringprep framework for preparing Unicode text strings in
       order to increase the likelihood that string input and string comparison work in ways that
       make sense for typical users throughout the world.  The stringprep protocol is useful for
       protocol identifier values, company and personal names, internationalized domain names,
       and other text strings.

       The stringprep framework does not specify how protocols should prepare text strings.
       Protocols must create profiles of stringprep in order to fully specify the processing


       This module provides a single function, "new", that creates a perl function implementing a
       stringprep profile.

       This module exports nothing.

       new($unicode_version, $mapping_tables, $unicode_normalization, $prohibited_tables,
       $bidi_check, $unassigned_check)
           Creates a "bless"ed function reference that implements a stringprep profile.

           This function takes the following parameters:

               The Unicode version specified by the stringprep profile.

               Currently, this parameter must be 3.2 (numeric).

               The mapping tables used for stringprep.

               The parameter may be a reference to a hash or an array, or "undef". A hash must
               map Unicode codepoints (as integers, e. g. 0x0020 for U+0020) to replacement
               strings (as perl strings).  An array may contain pairs of Unicode codepoints and
               replacement strings as well as references to nested hashes and arrays.

               Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping provides the tables from RFC 3454, Appendix B.

               For further information on the mapping step, see RFC 3454, section 3.

               The Unicode normalization to be used.

               Currently, "undef"/'' (no normalization) and 'KC' (compatibility composed) are
               specified for stringprep.

               For further information on the normalization step, see RFC 3454, section 4.

               Normalization form KC will also enable checks for some problem sequences for which
               the normalization can't be implemented in an interoperable way.

               For more information, see "CAVEATS" below.

               The list of prohibited output characters for stringprep.

               The parameter may be a reference to an array, or "undef". The array contains pairs
               of codepoints, which define the start and end of a Unicode character range (as
               integers). The end character may be "undef", specifying a single-character range.
               The array may also contain references to nested arrays.

               Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited provides the tables from RFC 3454, Appendix C.

               For further information on the prohibition checking step, see RFC 3454, section 5.

               Whether to employ checks for confusing bidirectional text. A boolean value.

               For further information on the bidi checking step, see RFC 3454, section 6.

               Whether to check for and prohibit unassigned characters. A boolean value.

               The check must be used when creating stored strings. It should not be used for
               query strings, increasing the chance that newly assigned characters work as

               For further information on stored and query strings, see RFC 3454, section 7.

           The function returned can be called with a single parameter, the string to be
           prepared, and returns the prepared string. It will die if the input string cannot be
           successfully prepared because it would contain invalid output (so use "eval" if

           For performance reasons, it is strongly recommended to call the "new" function as few
           times as possible, i. e. exactly once per stringprep profile. It might also be better
           not to use this module directly but to use (or write) a module implementing a profile,
           such as Authen::SASL::SASLprep.


       You can easily implement a stringprep profile without subclassing:

         package ACME::ExamplePrep;

         use Unicode::Stringprep;

         use Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping;
         use Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited;

         *exampleprep = Unicode::Stringprep->new(
           [ \@Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping::B1, ],
           [ \@Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C12,
             \@Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C22, ],

       This binds "ACME::ExamplePrep::exampleprep" to the function created by

       Usually, it is not necessary to subclass this module. Sublassing this module is not


       The following modules contain the data tables from RFC 3454.  These modules are
       automatically loaded when loading "Unicode::Stringprep".

       ·   Unicode::Stringprep::Unassigned

             @Unicode::Stringprep::Unassigned::A1  # Appendix A.1

       ·   Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping

             @Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping::B1     # Appendix B.1
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping::B2     # Appendix B.2
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Mapping::B2     # Appendix B.3

       ·   Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited

             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C11 # Appendix C.1.1
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C12 # Appendix C.1.2
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C21 # Appendix C.2.1
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C22 # Appendix C.2.2
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C3  # Appendix C.3
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C4  # Appendix C.4
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C5  # Appendix C.5
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C6  # Appendix C.6
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C7  # Appendix C.7
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C8  # Appendix C.8
             @Unicode::Stringprep::Prohibited::C9  # Appendix C.9

       ·   Unicode::Stringprep::BiDi

             @Unicode::Stringprep::BiDi::D1        # Appendix D.1
             @Unicode::Stringprep::BiDi::D2        # Appendix D.2


       In Unicode 3.2 to 4.0.1, the specification of UAX #15: Unicode Normalization Forms for
       forms NFC and NFKC is not logically self-consistent.  This has been fixed in Corrigendum
       #5 (<>).

       Unfortunately, this yields two ways to implement NFC and NFKC in Unicode 3.2, on which the
       Stringprep standard is based: one based on a literal interpretation of the original
       specification and one based on the corrected specification. The output of these
       implementations differs for a small class of strings, all of which can't appear in
       meaningful text. See UAX #15, section 19
       <> for details.

       This module will check for these strings and, if normalization is done, prohibit them in
       output as it is not possible to interoperate under these circumstandes.

       Please note that due to this, the normalization step may cause the preparation to fail.
       That is, the preparation function may die even if there are no prohibited characters and
       no checks for bidi sequences and unassigned characters, which may be surprising.


       Claus Faerber <>


       Copyright 2007-2009 Claus Faerber.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.


       Unicode::Normalize, RFC 3454 (<>)