Provided by: libvm-ec2-perl_1.28-2build1_all bug


       VM::EC2::SecurityGroup - Object describing an Amazon EC2 security group


         use VM::EC2;

         $ec2       = VM::EC2->new(...);
         @sg = $ec2->describe_security_groups;
         for my $sg (@sg) {
             $name = $sg->groupName;
             $id   = $sg->groupId;
             $desc = $sg->groupDescription;
             $tags = $sg->tags;
             @inbound_permissions  = $sg->ipPermissions;
             @outbound_permissions = $sg->ipPermissionsEgress;
             for $i (@inbound_permissions) {
                $protocol = $i->ipProtocol;
                $fromPort = $i->fromPort;
                $toPort   = $i->toPort;
                @ranges   = $i->ipRanges;

        $sg = $sg[0];

        # Add a new security rule
        $sg->authorize_incoming(-protocol  => 'tcp',
                                -port      => 80,
                                -source_ip => ['',''});

        # write it to AWS.


       This object is used to describe an Amazon EC2 security group. It is returned by
       VM::EC2->describe_security_groups(). You may also obtain this object by calling an
       Instance object's groups() method, and then invoking one of the group's permissions()
       method. See VM::EC2::Group.


       The following object methods are supported:

        ownerId          -- Owner of this security group
        groupId          -- ID of this security group
        groupName        -- Name of this security group
        groupDescription -- Description of this group
        vpcId            -- Virtual Private Cloud ID, if applicable
        ipPermissions    -- A list of rules that govern incoming connections
                            to instances running under this security group.
                            Each rule is a
                            L<VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission> object.
        ipPermissionsEgress -- A list of rules that govern outgoing connections
                            from instances running under this security group.
                            Each rule is a
                            L<VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission object>.
                            This field is only valid for VPC groups.
        tags             -- Hashref containing tags associated with this group.
                            See L<VM::EC2::Generic>.

       For convenience, the following aliases are provided for commonly used methods:

        inbound_permissions  -- same as ipPermissions()
        outbound_permissions -- same as ipPermissionsEgress()
        name                 -- same as groupName()

       See VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission for details on accessing port numbers, IP ranges
       and other fields associated with incoming and outgoing firewall rules.


       To add or revoke firewall rules, call the authorize_incoming, authorize_outgoing,
       revoke_incoming or revoke_outgoing() methods one or more times. Each of these methods
       either adds or removes a single firewall rule. After adding or revoking the desired rules,
       call update() to write the modified group back to Amazon. The object will change to
       reflect the new permissions.

   $permission = $group->authorize_incoming(%args)
       Add a rule for incoming firewall traffic. Arguments are as follows:

        -protocol        The protocol, either a string (tcp,udp,icmp) or
                          the corresponding protocol number (6, 17, 1).
                          Use -1 to indicate all protocols. (required)

        -port, -ports    The port or port range. When referring to a single
                          port, you may use either the port number or the
                          service name (e.g. "ssh"). For this to work the
                          service name must be located in /etc/services.
                          When specifying a port range, use "start..end" as
                          in "8000..9000". Note that this is a string that
                          contains two dots, and not two numbers separated
                          by the perl range operator. For the icmp protocol,
                          this argument corresponds to the ICMP type number.

        -group, -groups   Security groups to authorize. Instances that belong
                           to the named security groups will be allowed
                           access. You may specify either a single group or
                           a list of groups as an arrayref. The following
                           syntaxes are recognized:

                           "sg-12345"       authorize group with this groupId
                           "12345/my group" authorize group named "my group"
                                             owned by user 12345
                            "my group"      authorize group named "my group"
                                             owned by yourself

        -source, -source_ip Authorize incoming traffic from an IP address, IP
                             address range, or set of such ranges. IP
                             addresses use the CIDR notation of a.b.c.d/mask,
                             as described in
                             Pass an arrayref to simultaneously authorize
                             multiple CIDR ranges.

       The result of this call is a VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission object corresponding to
       the rule you defined. Note that the rule is not written to Amazon until you call update().

       Here are some examples:

        $sg->authorize_incoming(-protocol  => 'tcp',
                                -port      => 80,
                                -source_ip => ['',''});

        # TCP on ports 22 and 23 from anyone
        $sg->authorize_incoming(-protocol  => 'tcp',
                                -port      => '22..23',
                                -source_ip => '');

        # ICMP on echo (ping) port from anyone
        $sg->authorize_incoming(-protocol  => 'icmp',
                                -port      => -1,
                                -source_ip => '');

        # TCP to port 25 (mail) from instances belonging to
        # the "Mail relay" group belonging to user 12345678.
        $sg->authorize_incoming(-protocol  => 'tcp',
                                -port      => 25,
                                -group     => '12345678/Mail relay');

   $permission = $group->authorize_outgoing(%args)
       This is identical to authorize_incoming() except that the rule applies to outbound
       traffic. Only VPC security groups can define outgoing firewall rules.

   $permission = $group->revoke_incoming($rule)
   $permission = $group->revoke_incoming(%args)
       This method revokes an incoming firewall rule. You can call it with a single argument
       consisting of a VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission object in order to revoke that rule.
       Alternatively, when called with the named arguments listed for authorize_incoming(), it
       will attempt to match an existing rule to the provided arguments and queue it for

       Here is an example of revoking all rules that allow ssh (port 22) access:

        @ssh_rules = grep {$_->fromPort == 22} $group->ipPermissions;
        $group->revoke_incoming($_) foreach @ssh_rules;

   $boolean = $group->update()
       This method will write all queued rule authorizations and revocations to Amazon, and
       return a true value if successful. The method will return false if any of the rule updates
       failed. You can examine the VM::EC2 object's error_str() method to determine what went
       wrong, and check the group object's ipPermissions() method to see what firewall rules are
       currently defined.

   $boolean = $group->write()
       An alias for update()

       This method refreshes the group information from Amazon. It is called automatically by


       When used in a string context, this object will interpolate the groupId.


       VM::EC2 VM::EC2::Generic VM::EC2::Instance VM::EC2::Group


       Lincoln Stein <>.

       Copyright (c) 2011 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

       This package and its accompanying libraries is free software; you can redistribute it
       and/or modify it under the terms of the GPL (either version 1, or at your option, any
       later version) or the Artistic License 2.0.  Refer to LICENSE for the full license text.
       In addition, please see DISCLAIMER.txt for disclaimers of warranty.