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NAME

       X509_check_host, X509_check_email, X509_check_ip, X509_check_ip_asc - X.509 certificate
       matching

SYNOPSIS

        #include <openssl/x509v3.h>

        int X509_check_host(X509 *, const char *name, size_t namelen,
                            unsigned int flags, char **peername);
        int X509_check_email(X509 *, const char *address, size_t addresslen,
                             unsigned int flags);
        int X509_check_ip(X509 *, const unsigned char *address, size_t addresslen,
                          unsigned int flags);
        int X509_check_ip_asc(X509 *, const char *address, unsigned int flags);

DESCRIPTION

       The certificate matching functions are used to check whether a certificate matches a given
       host name, email address, or IP address.  The validity of the certificate and its trust
       level has to be checked by other means.

       X509_check_host() checks if the certificate Subject Alternative Name (SAN) or Subject
       CommonName (CN) matches the specified host name, which must be encoded in the preferred
       name syntax described in section 3.5 of RFC 1034.  By default, wildcards are supported and
       they match  only in the left-most label; but they may match part of that label with an
       explicit prefix or suffix.  For example, by default, the host name "www.example.com" would
       match a certificate with a SAN or CN value of "*.example.com", "w*.example.com" or
       "*w.example.com".

       Per section 6.4.2 of RFC 6125, name values representing international domain names must be
       given in A-label form.  The namelen argument must be the number of characters in the name
       string or zero in which case the length is calculated with strlen(name).  When name starts
       with a dot (e.g ".example.com"), it will be matched by a certificate valid for any sub-
       domain of name, (see also X509_CHECK_FLAG_SINGLE_LABEL_SUBDOMAINS below).

       When the certificate is matched, and peername is not NULL, a pointer to a copy of the
       matching SAN or CN from the peer certificate is stored at the address passed in peername.
       The application is responsible for freeing the peername via OPENSSL_free() when it is no
       longer needed.

       X509_check_email() checks if the certificate matches the specified email address.  Only
       the mailbox syntax of RFC 822 is supported, comments are not allowed, and no attempt is
       made to normalize quoted characters.  The addresslen argument must be the number of
       characters in the address string or zero in which case the length is calculated with
       strlen(address).

       X509_check_ip() checks if the certificate matches a specified IPv4 or IPv6 address.  The
       address array is in binary format, in network byte order.  The length is either 4 (IPv4)
       or 16 (IPv6).  Only explicitly marked addresses in the certificates are considered; IP
       addresses stored in DNS names and Common Names are ignored.

       X509_check_ip_asc() is similar, except that the NUL-terminated string address is first
       converted to the internal representation.

       The flags argument is usually 0.  It can be the bitwise OR of the flags:

       X509_CHECK_FLAG_ALWAYS_CHECK_SUBJECT,
       X509_CHECK_FLAG_NEVER_CHECK_SUBJECT,
       X509_CHECK_FLAG_NO_WILDCARDS,
       X509_CHECK_FLAG_NO_PARTIAL_WILDCARDS,
       X509_CHECK_FLAG_MULTI_LABEL_WILDCARDS.
       X509_CHECK_FLAG_SINGLE_LABEL_SUBDOMAINS.

       The X509_CHECK_FLAG_ALWAYS_CHECK_SUBJECT flag causes the function to consider the subject
       DN even if the certificate contains at least one subject alternative name of the right
       type (DNS name or email address as appropriate); the default is to ignore the subject DN
       when at least one corresponding subject alternative names is present.

       The X509_CHECK_FLAG_NEVER_CHECK_SUBJECT flag causes the function to never consider the
       subject DN even if the certificate contains no subject alternative names of the right type
       (DNS name or email address as appropriate); the default is to use the subject DN when no
       corresponding subject alternative names are present.  If both
       X509_CHECK_FLAG_ALWAYS_CHECK_SUBJECT and X509_CHECK_FLAG_NEVER_CHECK_SUBJECT are
       specified, the latter takes precedence and the subject DN is not checked for matching
       names.

       If set, X509_CHECK_FLAG_NO_WILDCARDS disables wildcard expansion; this only applies to
       X509_check_host.

       If set, X509_CHECK_FLAG_NO_PARTIAL_WILDCARDS suppresses support for "*" as wildcard
       pattern in labels that have a prefix or suffix, such as: "www*" or "*www"; this only
       applies to X509_check_host.

       If set, X509_CHECK_FLAG_MULTI_LABEL_WILDCARDS allows a "*" that constitutes the complete
       label of a DNS name (e.g. "*.example.com") to match more than one label in name; this flag
       only applies to X509_check_host.

       If set, X509_CHECK_FLAG_SINGLE_LABEL_SUBDOMAINS restricts name values which start with
       ".", that would otherwise match any sub-domain in the peer certificate, to only match
       direct child sub-domains.  Thus, for instance, with this flag set a name of ".example.com"
       would match a peer certificate with a DNS name of "www.example.com", but would not match a
       peer certificate with a DNS name of "www.sub.example.com"; this flag only applies to
       X509_check_host.

RETURN VALUES

       The functions return 1 for a successful match, 0 for a failed match and -1 for an internal
       error: typically a memory allocation failure or an ASN.1 decoding error.

       All functions can also return -2 if the input is malformed. For example, X509_check_host()
       returns -2 if the provided name contains embedded NULs.

NOTES

       Applications are encouraged to use X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_host() rather than explicitly
       calling X509_check_host(3). Host name checks may be out of scope with the DANE-EE(3)
       certificate usage, and the internal checks will be suppressed as appropriate when DANE
       support is enabled.

SEE ALSO

       SSL_get_verify_result(3), X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_host(3), X509_VERIFY_PARAM_add1_host(3),
       X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_email(3), X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_ip(3),
       X509_VERIFY_PARAM_set1_ipasc(3)

HISTORY

       These functions were added in OpenSSL 1.0.2.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2012-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use this file except in
       compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source
       distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.