Provided by: libxml-namespace-perl_0.02-3_all bug


       XML::Namespace - Simple support for XML Namespaces


        Example 1: using XML::Namespace objects

           use XML::Namespace;

           my $xsd = XML::Namespace->new('');

           # explicit access via the uri() method
           print $xsd->uri();           #
           print $xsd->uri('integer');  #

           # implicit access through AUTOLOAD method
           print $xsd->integer;         #

        Example 2: importing XML::Namespace objects

           use XML::Namespace
               xsd => '',
               rdf => '';

           # xsd and rdf are imported subroutines that return
           # XML::Namespace objects which can be used as above

           print xsd->uri('integer');   #
           print xsd->integer;          #


       This module implements a simple object for representing XML Namespaces in Perl.  It
       provides little more than some syntactic sugar for your Perl programs, saving you the
       bother of typing lots of long-winded URIs.  It was inspired by the Class::RDF::NS module
       distributed as part of Class::RDF.

   Using XML::Namespace Objects
       First load the XML::Namespace module.

           use XML::Namespace;

       Then create an XML::Namespace object.

           my $xsd = XML::Namespace->new('');

       Then use the uri() method to return an absolute URI from a relative path.

           print $xsd->uri('integer'); #

       Alternately, use the AUTOLOAD method to map method calls to the uri() method.

           print $xsd->integer;        #

   Importing XML::Namespace Objects
       When you "use" the XML::Namespace module, you can specify a list of namespace definitions.

           use XML::Namespace
               xsd => '',
               rdf => '';

       This defines the "xsd" and "rdf" subroutines and exports them into the calling package.
       The subroutines simply return XML::Namespace objects initialised with the relevant
       namespace URIs.

           print xsd->uri('integer');  #
           print xsd->integer;         #

   Overloaded Stringification Method
       The XML::Namespace module overloads the stringification operator to return the namespace

           my $xsd = XML::Namespace->new('');

           print $xsd;           #


       Constructor method which creates a new XML::Namespace object.  It expects a single
       argument denoting the URI that the namespace is to represent.

           use XML::Namespace;

           my $xsd = XML::Namespace->new('');

       When called without arguments, this method returns the URI of the namespace object, as
       defined by the argument passed to the new() constructor method.

           $xsd->uri();          #

       An argument can be passed to indicate a path relative to the namespace URI.  The method
       returns a simple concatenation of the namespace URI and the relative path argument.

           $xsd->uri('integer'); #

       This method is provided to work with the Exporter mechanism.  It expects a list of
       "($name, $uri)" pairs as arguments.  It creates XML::Namespace objects and accessor
       subroutines that are then exported to the caller's package.

       Although not intended for manual invocation, there's nothing to stop you from doing it.

           use XML::Namespace;

           XML::Namespace->import( xsd => '' );

           xsd()->integer;   #

       Note that the parentheses are required when accessing this subroutine.

           xsd()->integer;     # Good
           xsd->integer;       # Bad

       Unlike those that are defined automatically by the Importer, Perl doesn't know anything
       about these subroutines at compile time.  Without the parentheses, Perl will think you're
       trying to call the "integer" method on an unknown "xsd" package and you'll see an error

           Can't locate object method "integer" via package "xsd"

       That's why it's better to define your namespaces when you load the XML::Namespace module.

           use XML::Namespace
               xsd => '';

           xsd->integer;       # Good

       The module defines an AUTOLOAD method that maps all other method calls to the uri()
       method.  Thus, the following return the same value.

           $xsd->uri('integer'); #
           $xsd->integer;        #


       Andy Wardley <>


       This is version 0.02 of XML::Namespace.


       Copyright (C) 2005 Andy Wardley.  All Rights Reserved.

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.


       The Class::RDF::NS module, distributed as part of Class::RDF, provided the inspiration for
       the module.  XML::Namespace essentially does the same thing, albeit in a slightly
       different way.  It's also available as a stand-alone module for use in places unrelated to

       The XML::NamespaceFactory module also implements similar functionality to XML::Namespace,
       but instead uses the JClark notation (e.g. "{}title").