Provided by: libxrd-parser-perl_0.201-3_all bug

NAME

       XRD::Parser - parse XRD and host-meta files into RDF::Trine models

SYNOPSIS

         use RDF::Query;
         use XRD::Parser;

         my $parser = XRD::Parser->new(undef, "http://example.com/foo.xrd");
         my $results = RDF::Query->new(
           "SELECT * WHERE {?who <http://spec.example.net/auth/1.0> ?auth.}")
           ->execute($parser->graph);

         while (my $result = $results->next)
         {
           print $result->{'auth'}->uri . "\n";
         }

       or maybe:

         my $data = XRD::Parser->hostmeta('gmail.com')
                                 ->graph
                                   ->as_hashref;

DESCRIPTION

       While XRD has a rather different history, it turns out it can mostly be thought of as a
       serialisation format for a limited subset of RDF.

       This package ignores the order of <Link> elements, as RDF is a graph format with no
       concept of statements coming in an "order". The XRD spec says that grokking the order of
       <Link> elements is only a SHOULD. That said, if you're concerned about the order of <Link>
       elements, the callback routines allowed by this package may be of use.

       This package aims to be roughly compatible with RDF::RDFa::Parser's interface.

   Constructors
       "$p = XRD::Parser->new($content, $uri, [\%options], [$store])"
           This method creates a new XRD::Parser object and returns it.

           The $content variable may contain an XML string, or a XML::LibXML::Document.  If a
           string, the document is parsed using XML::LibXML::Parser, which may throw an
           exception. XRD::Parser does not catch the exception.

           $uri the base URI of the content; it is used to resolve any relative URIs found in the
           XRD document.

           Options [default in brackets]:

           ·       default_subject - If no <Subject> element. [undef]

           ·       link_prop - How to handle <Property> in <Link>?  0=skip, 1=reify,
                   2=subproperty, 3=both. [0]

           ·       loose_mime - Accept text/plain, text/html and application/octet-stream media
                   types. [0]

           ·       tdb_service - Use thing-described-by.org when possible. [0]

           $storage is an RDF::Trine::Storage object. If undef, then a new temporary store is
           created.

       "$p = XRD::Parser->new_from_url($url, [\%options], [$storage])"
           $url is a URL to fetch and parse.

           This function can also be called as "new_from_uri". Same thing.

       "$p = XRD::Parser->hostmeta($uri)"
           This method creates a new XRD::Parser object and returns it.

           The parameter may be a URI (from which the hostname will be extracted) or just a bare
           host name (e.g. "example.com"). The resource "/.well-known/host-meta" will then be
           fetched from that host using an appropriate HTTP Accept header, and the parser object
           returned.

   Public Methods
       "$p->uri($uri)"
           Returns the base URI of the document being parsed. This will usually be the same as
           the base URI provided to the constructor.

           Optionally it may be passed a parameter - an absolute or relative URI - in which case
           it returns the same URI which it was passed as a parameter, but as an absolute URI,
           resolved relative to the document's base URI.

           This seems like two unrelated functions, but if you consider the consequence of
           passing a relative URI consisting of a zero-length string, it in fact makes sense.

       "$p->dom"
           Returns the parsed XML::LibXML::Document.

       "$p->graph"
           This method will return an RDF::Trine::Model object with all statements of the full
           graph.

           This method will automatically call "consume" first, if it has not already been
           called.

       $p->set_callbacks(\%callbacks)
           Set callback functions for the parser to call on certain events. These are only
           necessary if you want to do something especially unusual.

             $p->set_callbacks({
               'pretriple_resource' => sub { ... } ,
               'pretriple_literal'  => sub { ... } ,
               'ontriple'           => undef ,
               });

           Either of the two pretriple callbacks can be set to the string 'print' instead of a
           coderef.  This enables built-in callbacks for printing Turtle to STDOUT.

           For details of the callback functions, see the section CALLBACKS. "set_callbacks" must
           be used before "consume". "set_callbacks" itself returns a reference to the parser
           object itself.

           NOTE: the behaviour of this function was changed in version 0.05.

       "$p->consume"
           This method processes the input DOM and sends the resulting triples to the callback
           functions (if any).

           It called again, does nothing.

           Returns the parser object itself.

   Utility Functions
       "$host_uri = XRD::Parser::host_uri($uri)"
           Returns a URI representing the host. These crop up often in graphs gleaned from host-
           meta files.

           $uri can be an absolute URI like 'http://example.net/foo#bar' or a host name like
           'example.com'.

       "$uri = XRD::Parser::template_uri($relationship_uri)"
           Returns a URI representing not a normal relationship, but the relationship between a
           host and a template URI literal.

       "$hostmeta_uri = XRD::Parser::hostmeta_location($host)"
           The parameter may be a URI (from which the hostname will be extracted) or just a bare
           host name (e.g. "example.com"). The location for a host-meta file relevant to the host
           of that URI will be calculated.

           If called in list context, returns an 'https' URI and an 'http' URI as a list.

CALLBACKS

       Several callback functions are provided. These may be set using the "set_callbacks"
       function, which taskes a hashref of keys pointing to coderefs. The keys are named for the
       event to fire the callback on.

   pretriple_resource
       This is called when a triple has been found, but before preparing the triple for adding to
       the model. It is only called for triples with a non-literal object value.

       The parameters passed to the callback function are:

       ·   A reference to the "XRD::Parser" object

       ·   A reference to the "XML::LibXML::Element" being parsed

       ·   Subject URI or bnode (string)

       ·   Predicate URI (string)

       ·   Object URI or bnode (string)

       The callback should return 1 to tell the parser to skip this triple (not add it to the
       graph); return 0 otherwise.

   pretriple_literal
       This is the equivalent of pretriple_resource, but is only called for triples with a
       literal object value.

       The parameters passed to the callback function are:

       ·   A reference to the "XRD::Parser" object

       ·   A reference to the "XML::LibXML::Element" being parsed

       ·   Subject URI or bnode (string)

       ·   Predicate URI (string)

       ·   Object literal (string)

       ·   Datatype URI (string or undef)

       ·   Language (string or undef)

       The callback should return 1 to tell the parser to skip this triple (not add it to the
       graph); return 0 otherwise.

   ontriple
       This is called once a triple is ready to be added to the graph. (After the pretriple
       callbacks.) The parameters passed to the callback function are:

       ·   A reference to the "XRD::Parser" object

       ·   A reference to the "XML::LibXML::Element" being parsed

       ·   An RDF::Trine::Statement object.

       The callback should return 1 to tell the parser to skip this triple (not add it to the
       graph); return 0 otherwise. The callback may modify the RDF::Trine::Statement object.

WHY RDF?

       It abstracts away the structure of the XRD file, exposing just the meaning of its
       contents. Two XRD files with the same meaning should end up producing more or less the
       same RDF data, even if they differ significantly at the syntactic level.

       If you care about the syntax of an XRD file, then use XML::LibXML.

SEE ALSO

       RDF::Trine, RDF::Query, RDF::RDFa::Parser.

       <http://www.perlrdf.org/>.

AUTHOR

       Toby Inkster, <tobyink@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

       Copyright (C) 2009-2012 by Toby Inkster

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

       THIS PACKAGE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,
       WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE.