Provided by: libbtparse-dev_0.85-2build1_amd64 bug

NAME

       bt_traversal - AST traversal/query functions in btparse library

SYNOPSIS

          AST * bt_next_entry (AST * entry_list,
                               AST * prev_entry)
          AST * bt_next_field  (AST * entry, AST * prev, char ** name)
          AST * bt_next_value  (AST * head,
                                AST * prev,
                                bt_nodetype_t * nodetype,
                                char ** text)

          bt_metatype_t bt_entry_metatype (AST * entry)
          char * bt_entry_type (AST * entry)
          char * bt_entry_key   (AST * entry)
          char * bt_get_text   (AST * node)

DESCRIPTION

       The functions described here are all used to traverse and query the abstract-syntax trees
       (ASTs) returned by the input functions described in bt_input.  The three "bt_next"
       functions ("bt_next_entry()", "bt_next_field()", and "bt_next_value()") are used
       respectively to traverse a list of entries, the list of fields within a particular entry,
       and the list of simple values associated with a particular field.  The other functions are
       just used to query various nodes in the tree for the useful information contained in them.

   Traversal functions
       bt_next_entry()
              AST * bt_next_entry (AST * entry_list,
                                   AST * prev_entry)

           Used to traverse the linked list of entries returned by "bt_parse_file()" (see
           bt_input).  On the first call, you should supply "NULL" for "prev_entry", and a
           pointer to the head of the list will be returned.  On subsequent calls, pass the
           previous return value as "prev_entry"; the function returns the next entry in the
           list, or "NULL" if there are no more entries.  Also returns "NULL" if either
           "entry_list" or "prev_entry" are improper.

           For example (ignoring error handling and variable declarations):

              entries = bt_parse_file (filename, options, &status);
              entry = NULL;
              while (entry = bt_next_entry (entries, entry))
              {
                 /* process entry */
              }

       bt_next_field()
              AST * bt_next_field  (AST * entry, AST * prev, char ** name)

           Used to traverse the list of fields in a regular or macro definition entry.  (You
           should call "bt_entry_metatype()" to determine if you have the right kind of entry
           before calling "bt_next_field()".)  "entry" should be a pointer to the AST for a
           single entry, as returned by "bt_parse_entry()", "bt_parse_entry_s()", or
           "bt_next_entry()".  On the first call, supply "NULL" for "prev"; "bt_next_field()"
           will return a pointer to the first field in "entry", or "NULL" if "entry" has no
           fields (for instance, if it's a comment or preamble entry).  On subsequent calls, pass
           the previous return value as "prev"; "bt_next_field()" will keep returning pointers to
           field sub-ASTs as long as it makes sense.  These pointers can then be passed to
           "bt_next_value()" or "bt_get_text()" to get the field's value.

           For example, the loop body in the previous example could be:

              field = NULL;
              while (field = bt_next_field (entry, field, &field_name))
              {
                 /* process field */
              }

       bt_next_value()
              AST * bt_next_value (AST * head,
                                   AST * prev,
                                   bt_nodetype_t * nodetype,
                                   char ** text)

           Traverses the list of simple values that make up the value of a single field.  (Recall
           that a simple value is either a quoted string, a macro invocation, or a number.  A
           compound value is a list of these separated by '#' in the original input.  Depending
           on the string post-processing options used when the data was parsed, the "list of
           simple values" nature of the original data may be preserved in the AST that you're
           traversing, in which case you'll need a "bt_next_value()" loop.

           "bt_next_value()" works much like "bt_next_entry()" and "bt_next_field()": on the
           first call, you supply "NULL" for "prev", and on subsequent calls you supply the
           previous return value.  Returns "NULL" when there are no more simple values to return.
           Also sets *nodetype and *text to the corresponding information from the simple value
           node.  *nodetype will be one of "BTAST_STRING", "BTAST_MACRO", or "BTAST_NUMBER";
           *text will point to the same string as the AST node does (it is not copied for you),
           so don't mess with it.

           For example, the loop body in the "bt_next_field()" example could be replaced with:

              value = NULL;
              while (value = bt_next_field (field, value, &nodetype, &text))
              {
                 switch (nodetype)
                 {
                    case BTAST_STRING:    /* process the string */
                    case BTAST_MACRO:     /* process the macro */
                    case BTAST_NUMBER:    /* process the number */
                 }
              }

           See also "bt_get_text".

   Query functions
       bt_entry_metatype()
              bt_metatype_t bt_entry_metatype (AST * entry)

           Returns the metatype of an entry.  (Recall that the metatype is an enumerated type
           whose values are derived from the specific type of an entry; for instance, an @comment
           entry has type "comment" and metatype "BTE_COMMENT".  The type-metatype relationship
           is similarly obvious for "BTE_PREAMBLE"; "BTE_MACRODEF" corresponds to @string
           entries; and "BTE_REGULAR" corresponds to any other type.)

           Returns "BTE_UNKNOWN" if "entry" is invalid (i.e., "NULL" or not a pointer to an entry
           AST).

       bt_entry_type()
              char * bt_entry_type (AST * entry)

           Returns the type of an entry.  Recall that the type is the name that appears after the
           '@' character in the original input.  Returns "NULL" if "entry" is invalid (i.e.,
           "NULL" or not a pointer to an entry AST).

       bt_entry_key()
              char * bt_entry_key (AST * entry)

           Returns the citation key of a regular entry.  (The citation key is the name that
           appears after the entry-open delimiter in a regular entry.)  Returns "NULL" if "entry"
           is invalid (i.e., "NULL" or not a pointer to the AST for a regular entry).

       bt_get_text()
              char * bt_get_text (AST * node)

           Performs all string post-processing (macro expansion, concatenation of simple values,
           and whitespace collapsing) of a compound value and returns the string that results.
           Can be called either on a field for a regular or macro definition entry (as returned
           by "bt_next_field()"), or on a comment or preamble entry.  Returns "NULL" if called on
           an invalid AST node.

SEE ALSO

       btparse, bt_input, bt_postprocess

AUTHOR

       Greg Ward <gward@python.net>