Provided by: libgraphviz-dev_2.40.1-7_amd64 bug

NAME

       libcgraph - abstract graph library

SYNOPSIS

       #include <graphviz/cgraph.h>

   TYPES
       Agraph_t;
       Agnode_t;
       Agedge_t;
       Agdesc_t;
       Agdisc_t;
       Agsym_t;
       Agrec_t;
       Agcbdisc_t;

   GLOBALS
       Agmemdisc_t AgMemDisc;
       Agiddisc_t  AgIdDisc;
       Agiodisc_t  AgIoDisc;
       Agdisc_t    AgDefaultDisc;

   GRAPHS
       Agraph_t  *agopen(char *name, Agdesc_t kind, Agdisc_t *disc);
       int       agclose(Agraph_t *g);
       Agraph_t  *agread(void *channel, Agdisc_t *);
       Agraph_t  *agmemread(char *);
       void      agreadline(int line_no);
       void      agsetfile(char *file_name);
       Agraph_t  *agconcat(Agraph_t *g, void *channel, Agdisc_t *disc)
       int       agwrite(Agraph_t *g, void *channel);
       int       agnnodes(Agraph_t *g),agnedges(Agraph_t *g), agnsubg(Agraph_t * g);
       int       agisdirected(Agraph_t * g),agisundirected(Agraph_t * g),agisstrict(Agraph_t * g), agissimple(Agraph_t * g);

   SUBGRAPHS
       Agraph_t  *agsubg(Agraph_t *g, char *name, int createflag);
       Agraph_t  *agidsubg(Agraph_t * g, unsigned long id, int cflag);
       Agraph_t  *agfstsubg(Agraph_t *g), agnxtsubg(Agraph_t *);
       Agraph_t  *agparent(Agraph_t *g);
       int       agdelsubg(Agraph_t * g, Agraph_t * sub);    /* same as agclose() */

   NODES
       Agnode_t  *agnode(Agraph_t *g, char *name, int createflag);
       Agnode_t  *agidnode(Agraph_t *g, ulong id, int createflag);
       Agnode_t  *agsubnode(Agraph_t *g, Agnode_t *n, int createflag);
       Agnode_t  *agfstnode(Agraph_t *g);
       Agnode_t  *agnxtnode(Agraph_t *g, Agnode_t *n);
       Agnode_t  *agprvnode(Agraph_t *g, Agnode_t *n);
       Agnode_t  *aglstnode(Agraph_t *g);
       int       agdelnode(Agraph_t *g, Agnode_t *n);
       int       agdegree(Agraph_t *g, Agnode_t *n, int use_inedges, int use_outedges);
       int       agcountuniqedges(Agraph_t * g, Agnode_t * n, int in, int out);

   EDGES
       Agedge_t  *agedge(Agraph_t* g, Agnode_t *t, Agnode_t *h, char *name, int createflag);
       Agedge_t  *agidedge(Agraph_t * g, Agnode_t * t, Agnode_t * h, unsigned long id, int createflag);
       Agedge_t  *agsubedge(Agraph_t *g, Agedge_t *e, int createflag);
       Agnode_t  *aghead(Agedge_t *e), *agtail(Agedge_t *e);
       Agedge_t  *agfstedge(Agraph_t* g, Agnode_t *n);
       Agedge_t  *agnxtedge(Agraph_t* g, Agedge_t *e, Agnode_t *n);
       Agedge_t  *agfstin(Agraph_t* g, Agnode_t *n);
       Agedge_t  *agnxtin(Agraph_t* g, Agedge_t *e);
       Agedge_t  *agfstout(Agraph_t* g, Agnode_t *n);
       Agedge_t  *agnxtout(Agraph_t* g, Agedge_t *e);
       int       agdeledge(Agraph_t *g, Agedge_t *e);
       Agedge_t  *agopp(Agedge_t *e);
       int       ageqedge(Agedge_t *e0, Agedge_t *e1);

   STRING ATTRIBUTES
       Agsym_t   *agattr(Agraph_t *g, int kind, char *name, char *value);
       Agsym_t   *agattrsym(void *obj, char *name);
       Agsym_t   *agnxtattr(Agraph_t *g, int kind, Agsym_t *attr);
       char      *agget(void *obj, char *name);
       char      *agxget(void *obj, Agsym_t *sym);
       int       agset(void *obj, char *name, char *value);
       int       agxset(void *obj, Agsym_t *sym, char *value);
       int       agsafeset(void *obj, char *name, char *value, char *def);
       int       agcopyattr(void *, void *);

   RECORDS
       void      *agbindrec(void *obj, char *name, unsigned int size, move_to_front);
       Agrec_t        *aggetrec(void *obj, char *name, int move_to_front);
       int       agdelrec(Agraph_t *g, void *obj, char *name);
       void      aginit(Agraph_t * g, int kind, char *rec_name, int rec_size, int move_to_front);
       void      agclean(Agraph_t * g, int kind, char *rec_name);

   CALLBACKS
       int            *agpopdisc(Agraph_t *g);
       void      agpushdisc(Agraph_t *g, Agcbdisc_t *disc);
       int            agcallbacks(Agraph_t * g, int flag);

   MEMORY
       void      *agalloc(Agraph_t *g, size_t request);
       void      *agrealloc(Agraph_t *g, void *ptr, size_t oldsize, size_t newsize);
       void      agfree(Agraph_t *g, void *ptr);

   STRINGS
       char      *agstrdup(Agraph_t *, char *);
       char      *agstrdup_html(Agraph_t *, char *);
       int       aghtmlstr(char *);
       char      *agstrbind(Agraph_t * g, char *);
       int       strfree(Agraph_t *, char *);
       char      *agcanonStr(char *);
       char      *agstrcanon(char *, char *);
       char      *agcanon(char *, int);

   GENERIC OBJECTS
       Agraph_t  *agraphof(void*);
       Agraph_t  *agroot(void*);
       int       agcontains(Agraph_t*, void*);
       char      *agnameof(void*);
       void      agdelete(Agraph_t *g, void *obj);
       int       agobjkind(void *obj);
       Agrec_t        *AGDATA(void *obj);
       ulong          AGID(void *obj);
       int       AGTYPE(void *obj);

   ERROR REPORTING
       typedef enum { AGWARN, AGERR, AGMAX, AGPREV } agerrlevel_t;
       typedef int (*agusererrf) (char*);
       agerrlevel_t   agerrno;
       agerrlevel_t   agseterr(agerrlevel_t);
       char      *aglasterr(void);
       int       agerr(agerrlevel_t level, char *fmt, ...);
       void      agerrorf(char *fmt, ...);
       void      agwarningf(char *fmt, ...);
       int       agerrors(void);
       agusererrf     agseterrf(agusererrf);

DESCRIPTION

       Libcgraph  supports  graph  programming  by  maintaining  graphs in memory and reading and
       writing graph files.  Graphs are composed of nodes, edges, and  nested  subgraphs.   These
       graph  objects  may  be  attributed  with  string  name-value pairs and programmer-defined
       records (see Attributes).

       All of Libcgraph's global symbols have the prefix ag (case varying).  In the following, if
       a function has a parameter int createflag and the object does not exist, the function will
       create the specified object if createflag is non-zero; otherwise, it will return NULL.

GRAPH AND SUBGRAPHS

       A ``main'' or ``root'' graph defines  a  namespace  for  a  collection  of  graph  objects
       (subgraphs, nodes, edges) and their attributes.  Objects may be named by unique strings or
       by integer IDs.

       agopen creates a new graph with the given name and kind.   (Graph  kinds  are  Agdirected,
       Agundirected, Agstrictdirected, and Agstrictundirected.  A strict graph cannot have multi-
       edges or self-arcs.)  The final argument points to a discpline structure which can be used
       to  tailor I/O, memory allocation, and ID allocation. Typically, a NULL value will be used
       to indicate the default discipline AgDefaultDisc.  agclose deletes a  graph,  freeing  its
       associated  storage.   agread, agwrite, and agconcat perform file I/O using the graph file
       language described below. agread constructs a new graph while  agconcat  merges  the  file
       contents  with a pre-existing graph.  Though I/O methods may be overridden, the default is
       that the channel argument is a stdio FILE pointer.  agmemread attempts  to  read  a  graph
       from  the input string.  agsetfile and agreadline are helper functions that simply set the
       current file name and input line number for subsequent error reporting.

       The functions agisdirected, agisundirected, agisstrict, and  agissimple  can  be  used  to
       query  if  a graph is directed, undirected, strict (at most one edge with a given tail and
       head), or simple (strict with no loops), respectively,

       agsubg finds or creates a subgraph by name.  agidsubg allows a programmer to  specify  the
       subgraph  by  a  unique  integer ID.  A new subgraph is initially empty and is of the same
       kind as its parent.  Nested subgraph trees may be created.   A  subgraph's  name  is  only
       interpreted  relative  to  its  parent.   A program can scan subgraphs under a given graph
       using agfstsubg and agnxtsubg.  A subgraph is deleted with agdelsubg  (or  agclose).   The
       agparent function returns the immediate parent graph of a subgraph, or itself if the graph
       is already a root graph.

       By default, nodes are stored in ordered sets for efficient random access to insert,  find,
       and  delete  nodes.   The  edges  of a node are also stored in ordered sets.  The sets are
       maintained internally as splay tree dictionaries using Phong Vo's cdt library.

       agnnodes, agnedges, and agnsubg return the sizes of node, edge  and  subgraph  sets  of  a
       graph.  The function agdegree returns the size of the edge set of a nodes, and takes flags
       to select in-edges, out-edges, or both.  The function agcountuniqedges returns the size of
       the  edge  set  of a nodes, and takes flags to select in-edges, out-edges, or both. Unlike
       agdegree, each loop is only counted once.

NODES

       A node is created by giving a unique string name or programmer defined integer ID, and  is
       represented   by  a  unique  internal  object.  (Node  equality  can  checked  by  pointer
       comparison.)

       agnode searches in a graph or subgraph for a node with the given name, and returns  it  if
       found.   agidnode  allows  a  programmer  to  specify  the  node  by  a unique integer ID.
       agsubnode performs a similar operation on an existing node and a subgraph.

       agfstnode and agnxtnode scan node lists.  agprvnode and aglstnode are symmetric  but  scan
       backward.   The  default  sequence  is  order  of  creation (object timestamp.)  agdelnode
       removes a node from a graph or subgraph.

EDGES

       An abstract edge has two endpoint nodes called tail and head where  all  outedges  of  the
       same  node have it as the tail value and similarly all inedges have it as the head.  In an
       undirected graph, head and tail are interchangeable.  If a graph has  multi-edges  between
       the same pair of nodes, the edge's string name behaves as a secondary key.

       agedge  searches  in  a graph or subgraph for an edge between the given endpoints (with an
       optional multi-edge selector name) and returns it if found  or  created.   Note  that,  in
       undirected  graphs, a search tries both orderings of the tail and head nodes.  If the name
       is NULL, then an anonymous internal value is generated. agidedge allows  a  programmer  to
       create an edge by giving its unique integer ID.  agsubedge performs a similar operation on
       an existing edge and a subgraph.  agfstin, agnxtin, agfstout, and agnxtout visit  directed
       in-  and  out-  edge  lists,  and ordinarily apply only in directed graphs.  agfstedge and
       agnxtedge visit all edges incident to a node.  agtail and aghead get the  endpoint  of  an
       edge.  agdeledge removes an edge from a graph or subgraph.

       Note that an abstract edge has two distinct concrete representations: as an in-edge and as
       an out-edge. In particular, the pointer as an out-edge is different from the pointer as an
       in-edge. The function ageqedge canonicalizes the pointers before doing a comparison and so
       can be used to test edge equality. The sense of an edge can be flipped using agopp.

INTERNAL ATTRIBUTES

       Programmer-defined values may be dynamically attached to  graphs,  subgraphs,  nodes,  and
       edges.   Such  values  are  either character string data (for I/O) or uninterpreted binary
       records (for implementing algorithms efficiently).

STRING ATTRIBUTES

       String attributes are handled automatically in reading and writing graph files.  A  string
       attribute is identified by name and by an internal symbol table entry (Agsym_t) created by
       Libcgraph.  Attributes of nodes, edges, and graphs (with their  subgraphs)  have  separate
       namespaces.   The  contents  of  an  Agsym_t have a char* name for the attribute's name, a
       char* defval field for the attribute's default value, and an int id field  containing  the
       index  of  the attribute's specific value for an object in the object's array of attribute
       values.

       agattr creates or looks up attributes.  kind may be AGRAPH, AGNODE, or AGEDGE.   If  value
       is  (char*)0),  the  request  is to search for an existing attribute of the given kind and
       name.  Otherwise, if the attribute already exists, its default for creating new objects is
       set  to  the  given value; if it does not exist, a new attribute is created with the given
       default, and the default is applied to all pre-existing objects of the given kind. If g is
       NULL,  the  default  is  set  for  all graphs created subsequently.  agattrsym is a helper
       function that looks up an attribute for a graph object given as  an  argument.   agnxtattr
       permits  traversing  the  list  of  attributes  of  a given type.  If NULL is passed as an
       argument it gets the first attribute; otherwise it returns the next one in  succession  or
       returns NULL at the end of the list.  agget and agset allow fetching and updating a string
       attribute for an object taking the attribute name as an argument.  agxget  and  agxset  do
       this  but  with  an  attribute symbol table entry as an argument (to avoid the cost of the
       string lookup).  Note that agset will fail unless the attribute  is  first  defined  using
       agattr.   agsafeset is a convenience function that ensures the given attribute is declared
       before setting it locally on an object.

       It is sometimes convenient to copy all of the attributes from one object to another.  This
       can  be  done  using  agcopyattr.  This fails and returns non-zero of argument objects are
       different kinds, or if all of the attributes of the source object have not  been  declared
       for the target object.

STRINGS

       Libcgraph  performs  its  own  storage management of strings as reference-counted strings.
       The caller does not need to dynamically allocate storage.

       agstrdup returns a pointer to a reference-counted copy of the  argument  string,  creating
       one  if necessary. agstrbind returns a pointer to a reference-counted string if it exists,
       or NULL if not.  All uses of cgraph strings need to be freed using agstrfree in  order  to
       correctly maintain the reference count.

       The  cgraph parser handles HTML-like strings. These should be indistinguishable from other
       strings for most purposes. To create an HTML-like string, use agstrdup_html. The aghtmlstr
       function can be used to query if a string is an ordinary string or an HTML-like string.

       agcanonStr returns a pointer to a version of the input string canonicalized for output for
       later re-parsing. This includes quoting special characters and keywords. It uses  its  own
       internal  buffer, so the value will be lost on the next call to agcanonStr.  agstrcanon is
       an unsafe version of agcanonStr, in which the application passes in a buffer as the second
       argument.  Note that the buffer may not be used; if the input string is in canonical form,
       the function will just return a pointer to it.  For  both  of  the  functions,  the  input
       string  must  have  been  created using agstrdup or agstrdup_html.  Finally, agcanonStr is
       identical with agcanonStr except it can be used with  any  character  string.  The  second
       argument  indicates  whether  or  not  the  string should be canonicalized as an HTML-like
       string.

RECORDS

       Uninterpreted records may be attached to graphs, subgraphs, nodes, and edges for efficient
       operations  on  values  such as marks, weights, counts, and pointers needed by algorithms.
       Application programmers define the fields of these records, but they must be declared with
       a common header as shown below.

       typedef struct {
           Agrec_t        header;
           /* programmer-defined fields follow */
       } user_data_t;

       Records  are created and managed by Libcgraph. A programmer must explicitly attach them to
       the objects in a graph, either to individual objects one at a time via  agbindrec,  or  to
       all the objects of the same class in a graph via aginit.  (Note that for graphs, aginit is
       applied recursively to the graph and its subgraphs if rec_size is negative (of the  actual
       rec_size.))   The name argument of a record distinguishes various types of records, and is
       programmer defined (Libcgraph reserves the prefix  _ag).   If  size  is  0,  the  call  to
       agbindrec  is  simply  a  lookup.   The  function  aggetrec  can  also be used for lookup.
       agdelrec deletes a named record from one object.  agclean does the same for all objects of
       the same class in an entire graph.

       Internally, records are maintained in circular linked lists attached to graph objects.  To
       allow referencing application-dependent data without function calls or  search,  Libcgraph
       allows  setting  and  locking  the  list pointer of a graph, node, or edge on a particular
       record.  This pointer can be obtained with  the  macro  AGDATA(obj).   A  cast,  generally
       within  a  macro  or inline function, is usually applied to convert the list pointer to an
       appropriate programmer-defined type.

       To control the setting of this pointer, the move_to_front flag may be TRUE or  FALSE.   If
       move_to_front  is  TRUE,  the  record will be locked at the head of the list, so it can be
       accessed directly by AGDATA(obj).  The lock can be subsequently released  or  reset  by  a
       call to aggetrec.

DISCIPLINES

       (This section is not intended for casual users.)  Programmer-defined disciplines customize
       certain resources- ID namespace, memory, and I/O -  needed  by  Libcgraph.   A  discipline
       struct (or NULL) is passed at graph creation time.

       struct Agdisc_s {            /* user's discipline */
           Agmemdisc_t            *mem;
           Agiddisc_t            *id;
           Agiodisc_t            *io;
       } ;

       A default discipline is supplied when NULL is given for any of these fields.

ID DISCIPLINE

       An  ID  allocator  discipline  allows a client to control assignment of IDs (uninterpreted
       integer values) to objects, and possibly how they are mapped to and from strings.

       struct Agiddisc_s {             /* object ID allocator */
           void *(*open) (Agraph_t * g, Agdisc_t*);       /* associated with a graph */
           long (*map) (void *state, int objtype, char *str, unsigned long *id, int createflag);
           long (*alloc) (void *state, int objtype, unsigned long id);
           void (*free) (void *state, int objtype, unsigned long id);
           char *(*print) (void *state, int objtype, unsigned long id);
           void (*close) (void *state);
       };

       open permits the ID discipline to initialize any data structures  that  it  maintains  per
       individual  graph.  Its return value is then passed as the first argument (void *state) to
       all subsequent ID manager calls.

       alloc informs the ID manager that Libcgraph is attempting  to  create  an  object  with  a
       specific  ID  that  was given by a client.  The ID manager should return TRUE (nonzero) if
       the ID can be allocated, or FALSE (which aborts the operation).

       free is called to inform the ID manager that the object labeled with the given ID is about
       to go out of existence.

       map  is  called  to create or look-up IDs by string name (if supported by the ID manager).
       Returning TRUE (nonzero) in all cases means that the request succeeded (with  a  valid  ID
       stored through result.  There are four cases:

       name  !=  NULL and createflag == 1: This requests mapping a string (e.g. a name in a graph
       file) into a new ID.  If the ID manager can comply, then it stores the result and  returns
       TRUE.   It  is  then  also  responsible  for being able to print the ID again as a string.
       Otherwise the ID manager may return FALSE but it must implement the  following  (at  least
       for graph file reading and writing to work):

       name  ==  NULL  and  createflag  ==  1:  The ID manager creates a unique new ID of its own
       choosing.  Although it may return FALSE if it does not support anonymous objects, but this
       is strongly discouraged (to support "local names" in graph files.)

       name  !=  NULL and createflag == 0: This is a namespace probe.  If the name was previously
       mapped into an allocated ID by the ID manager, then  the  manager  must  return  this  ID.
       Otherwise,  the  ID  manager may either return FALSE, or may store any unallocated ID into
       result. (This is convenient, for example, if names are known to be digit strings that  are
       directly converted into integer values.)

       name == NULL and createflag == 0: forbidden.

       print  is  allowed to return a pointer to a static buffer; a caller must copy its value if
       needed past subsequent calls.  NULL should be returned by ID  managers  that  do  not  map
       names.

       The  map and alloc calls do not pass a pointer to the newly allocated object.  If a client
       needs to install object pointers in a handle table, it can  obtain  them  via  new  object
       callbacks.

IO DISCIPLINE

       The I/O discipline provides an abstraction for the reading and writing of graphs.
       struct Agiodisc_s {
           int        (*fread)(void *chan, char *buf, int bufsize);
           int        (*putstr)(void *chan, char *str);
           int        (*flush)(void *chan);    /* sync */
       } ;
       Normally, the FILE structure and its related functions are used for I/O. At times, though,
       an application may need  to  use  a  totally  different  type  of  character  source.  The
       associated  state  or  stream  information  is  provided by the chan argument to agread or
       agwrite.  The discipline function fread and putstr provide the corresponding functions for
       read and writing.

MEMORY DISCIPLINE

       Memory  management  in  Libcgraph  is  handled  on  a  per  graph  basis  using the memory
       discipline.
       struct Agmemdisc_s {    /* memory allocator */
           void    *(*open)(Agdisc_t*);        /* independent of other resources */
           void    *(*alloc)(void *state, size_t req);
           void    *(*resize)(void *state, void *ptr, size_t old, size_t req);
           void    (*free)(void *state, void *ptr);
           void    (*close)(void *state);
       } ;
       The open function is used to initialize the memory subsystem, returning state  information
       that  is passed to the calls to alloc, resize, and free.  The semantics of these should be
       comparable to the standard C library functions malloc, realloc, and free, except that  new
       space  created  by agalloc and agrealloc should be zeroed out.  The close function is used
       to terminate the memory subsystem, freeing any  additional  open  resources.   For  actual
       allocation,  the  library uses the functions agalloc, agrealloc, and agfree, which provide
       simple wrappers for the underlying discipline functions alloc, resize, and free.

       When Libcgraph is compiled with Vmalloc (which is not the default), each graph has its own
       heap.   Programmers  may  allocate  application-dependent data within the same heap as the
       rest of the graph.  The advantage is that a graph can be deleted by atomically freeing its
       entire heap without scanning each individual node and edge.

CALLBACKS

       An  Agcbdisc_t  defines callbacks to be invoked by Libcgraph when initializing, modifying,
       or finalizing graph objects.  Disciplines are kept on a  stack.   Libcgraph  automatically
       calls  the  methods  on  the  stack,  top-down.   Callbacks are installed with agpushdisc,
       uninstalled with agpopdisc, and can be held pending or released via agcallbacks.

GENERIC OBJECTS

       agroot takes any graph object (graph, subgraph, node, edge) and returns the root graph  in
       which  it  lives. agraphof does the same, except it is the identity function on graphs and
       subgraphs. Note that there is no function to  return  the  least  subgraph  containing  an
       object, in part because this is not well-defined as nodes and edges may be in incomparable
       subgraphs.

       agcontains(g,obj) returns non-zero if obj is a member of (sub)graph g. agdelete(g,obj)  is
       equivalent  to  agclose,  agdelnode,  and  agdeledge  for obj being a graph, node or edge,
       respectively. It returns -1 if obj does not belong to g.

       AGDATA, AGID, and AGTYPE are macros returning the specified fields of the argument object.
       The first is described in the RECORDS section above. The second returns the unique integer
       ID associated with the object. The last returns AGRAPH, AGNODE, and  AGEDGE  depending  on
       the type of the object.

       agnameof  returns  a  string descriptor for the object. It returns the name of the node or
       graph, and the key of an edge.  agobjkind is a synonym for AGTYPE.

ERROR REPORTING

       The library provides a variety of mechanisms  to  control  the  reporting  of  errors  and
       warnings.  At  present,  there are basically two types of messages: warnings and errors. A
       message is only written if its type  has  higher  priority  than  a  programmer-controlled
       minimum,  which  is  AGWARN  by default. The programmer can set this value using agseterr,
       which returns the previous  value.  Calling  agseterr(AGMAX)  turns  off  the  writing  of
       messages.

       The  function  agerr  if the main entry point for reporting an anomaly. The first argument
       indicates the type of message. Usually, the first argument in AGWARN or AGERR to  indicate
       warnings  and  errors,  respectively.  Sometimes  additional  context  information is only
       available in functions calling the function where the error is actually  caught.  In  this
       case,  the  calling function can indicate that it is continuing the current error by using
       AGPREV as the first argument. The remaining  arguments  to  agerr  are  the  same  as  the
       arguments to printf.

       The   functions   agwarningf   and   agerrorf   are  shorthand  for  agerr(AGERR,...)  and
       agerr(AGWARN,...), respectively.

       Some applications desire to directly control the writing of messages.  Such an application
       can  use  the  function agseterrf to register the function that the library should call to
       actually write the message.  The previous error function  is  returned.  By  default,  the
       message is written to stderr.

       Errors  not  written are stored in a log file. The last recorded error can be retreived by
       calling aglasterr.

       The function agerrors returns non-zero if errors have been reported.

EXAMPLE PROGRAM

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <cgraph.h>

       typedef struct {Agrec_t hdr; int x,y,z;} mydata;

       void main(int argc, char **argv)
       {
           Agraph_t    *g, *h;
           Agnode_t    *v;
           Agedge_t    *e;
           Agsym_t     *attr;
           Dict_t      *d;
           int         cnt;
           mydata      *p;

           if (g = agread(stdin,NIL(Agdisc_t*))) {
               cnt = 0; attr = 0;
               while (attr = agnxtattr(g, AGNODE, attr)) cnt++;
               printf("The graph %s has %d attributes\n",agnameof(g),cnt);

               /* make the graph have a node color attribute, default is blue */
               attr = agattr(g,AGNODE,"color","blue");

               /* create a new graph of the same kind as g */
               h = agopen("tmp",g->desc, NULL);

               /* this is a way of counting all the edges of the graph */
               cnt = 0;
               for (v = agfstnode(g); v; v = agnxtnode(g,v))
                   for (e = agfstout(g,v); e; e = agnxtout(g,e))
                       cnt++;

               /* attach records to edges */
               for (v = agfstnode(g); v; v = agnxtnode(g,v))
                   for (e = agfstout(g,v); e; e = agnxtout(g,e)) {
                       p = (mydata*) agbindrec(e,"mydata",sizeof(mydata),TRUE);
                       p->x = 27;  /* meaningless data access example */
                       ((mydata*)(AGDATA(e)))->y = 999; /* another example */
               }
           }
       }

EXAMPLE GRAPH FILES

       digraph G {
           a -> b;
           c [shape=box];
           a -> c [weight=29,label="some text"];
           subgraph anything {
               /* the following affects only x,y,z */
               node [shape=circle];
               a; x; y -> z; y -> z;  /* multiple edges */
           }
       }

       strict graph H {
           n0 -- n1 -- n2 -- n0;  /* a cycle */
           n0 -- {a b c d};       /* a star */
           n0 -- n3;
           n0 -- n3 [weight=1];   /* same edge because graph is strict */
       }

SEE ALSO

       Libcdt(3)

BUGS

       It is difficult to change endpoints of edges, delete  string  attributes  or  modify  edge
       keys.   The work-around is to create a new object and copy the contents of an old one (but
       new object obviously has a different ID, internal address, and object creation timestamp).

       The API lacks convenient functions to substitute programmer-defined ordering of nodes  and
       edges but in principle this can be supported.

       The library is not thread safe.

AUTHOR

       Stephen North, north@research.att.com, AT&T Research.

                                         28 FEBRUARY 2013                            LIBCGRAPH(3)