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NAME

       exp, expf, expl - base-e exponential function

SYNOPSIS

       #include <math.h>

       double exp(double x);
       float expf(float x);
       long double expl(long double x);

       Link with -lm.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       expf(), expl():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

       These functions return the value of e (the base of natural logarithms) raised to the power
       of x.

RETURN VALUE

       On success, these functions return the exponential value of x.

       If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

       If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

       If x is negative infinity, +0 is returned.

       If the result underflows, a range error occurs, and zero is returned.

       If the result overflows, a  range  error  occurs,  and  the  functions  return  +HUGE_VAL,
       +HUGE_VALF, or +HUGE_VALL, respectively.

ERRORS

       See  math_error(7)  for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when
       calling these functions.

       The following errors can occur:

       Range error, overflow
              errno is set to ERANGE.  An  overflow  floating-point  exception  (FE_OVERFLOW)  is
              raised.

       Range error, underflow
              errno  is  set  to ERANGE.  An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is
              raised.

ATTRIBUTES

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       ┌──────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐
       │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
       ├──────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤
       │exp(), expf(), expl() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       └──────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘

CONFORMING TO

       C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

       The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

SEE ALSO

       cbrt(3), cexp(3), exp10(3), exp2(3), expm1(3), sqrt(3)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 5.02 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

                                            2017-09-15                                     EXP(3)