Provided by: manpages-dev_5.02-1_all bug


       insque, remque - insert/remove an item from a queue


       #include <search.h>

       void insque(void *elem, void *prev);

       void remque(void *elem);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       insque(), remque():
           _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
               || /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE


       The  insque()  and remque() functions manipulate doubly-linked lists.  Each element in the
       list is a structure of which the first two elements are a forward and a backward  pointer.
       The  linked list may be linear (i.e., NULL forward pointer at the end of the list and NULL
       backward pointer at the start of the list) or circular.

       The insque() function inserts the element pointed to by elem immediately after the element
       pointed to by prev.

       If  the list is linear, then the call insque(elem, NULL) can be used to insert the initial
       list element, and the call sets the forward and backward pointers of elem to NULL.

       If the list is circular, the caller should ensure that the forward and  backward  pointers
       of  the  first  element are initialized to point to that element, and the prev argument of
       the insque() call should also point to the element.

       The remque() function removes the element pointed to by elem from the doubly-linked list.


       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
       │insque(), remque() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │


       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.


       On ancient systems, the arguments of these functions were of type struct qelem *,  defined

           struct qelem {
               struct qelem *q_forw;
               struct qelem *q_back;
               char          q_data[1];

       This is still what you will get if _GNU_SOURCE is defined before including <search.h>.

       The location of the prototypes for these functions differs among several versions of UNIX.
       The above is the POSIX version.  Some systems place them in <string.h>.


       In glibc 2.4 and earlier, it was not possible to specify prev as NULL.   Consequently,  to
       build  a  linear list, the caller had to build a list using an initial call that contained
       the first two elements of the list, with the forward and backward pointers in each element
       suitably initialized.


       The  program  below  demonstrates  the  use  of  insque().   Here is an example run of the

           $ ./a.out -c a b c
           Traversing completed list:
           That was a circular list

   Program source

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <search.h>

       struct element {
           struct element *forward;
           struct element *backward;
           char *name;

       static struct element *
           struct element *e;

           e = malloc(sizeof(struct element));
           if (e == NULL) {
               fprintf(stderr, "malloc() failed\n");

           return e;

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
           struct element *first, *elem, *prev;
           int circular, opt, errfnd;

           /* The "-c" command-line option can be used to specify that the
              list is circular */

           errfnd = 0;
           circular = 0;
           while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "c")) != -1) {
               switch (opt) {
               case 'c':
                   circular = 1;
                   errfnd = 1;

           if (errfnd || optind >= argc) {
               fprintf(stderr,  "Usage: %s [-c] string...\n", argv[0]);

           /* Create first element and place it in the linked list */

           elem = new_element();
           first = elem;

           elem->name = argv[optind];

           if (circular) {
               elem->forward = elem;
               elem->backward = elem;
               insque(elem, elem);
           } else {
               insque(elem, NULL);

           /* Add remaining command-line arguments as list elements */

           while (++optind < argc) {
               prev = elem;

               elem = new_element();
               elem->name = argv[optind];
               insque(elem, prev);

           /* Traverse the list from the start, printing element names */

           printf("Traversing completed list:\n");
           elem = first;
           do {
               printf("    %s\n", elem->name);
               elem = elem->forward;
           } while (elem != NULL && elem != first);

           if (elem == first)
               printf("That was a circular list\n");





       This page is part of release 5.02 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at

                                            2019-03-06                                  INSQUE(3)