Provided by: libbobcat-dev_5.00.02-2_amd64 bug

NAME

       FBB::OMutexStream - Offers mutex protected std::ostream facilities

SYNOPSIS

       #include <bobcat/omutexstream>
       Linking option: -lbobcat

DESCRIPTION

       In  multi-threaded  programs output written by different threads to the same output stream
       may be intermixed due to context switches. This is  prevented  by  using  mutexes:  before
       writing  to the output stream a mutex lock is acquired, releasing the lock once the output
       is completed.

       OMutexStream supports writing to output  streams  while  handling  the  mutex  locks.  The
       OMutexStream  object  itself  is  initialized  with the std::ostream object to receive the
       information written to the OMutexStream object. This object, like std::cout  and  std::err
       usually  is  defined  as a globally accessible object. When inserting information into the
       OMutexStream  object  OMutexStream  first  returns  an  OMutexStream::Out  object,   whose
       constructor  locks  the  OMutexStream::Out  mutex. The OMutexStream::Out object’s lifetime
       ends at the end of the insertion statement, and at that time its destructor  releases  the
       lock.

       In  many  cases  this  is appropriate. Especially when statements end in newlines (’\n’ or
       endl) this results in clean output. In some cases this approach doesn’t work. Consider the
       situation  where  the output is produced by a series of iterations in a for-statement. For
       these cases OMutexStream offers the member ostream returning an OMutexStream::Out  object.
       As  that  object  also  locks the mutex, the lock also remains active during its lifetime.
       During its lifetime separate OMutexStream insertions expressions may  be  executed.  E.g.,
       the following code fragment will complete all output forcing competing threads to wait:

           void fun()
           {
               OMutexStream mout{ std::cout }; // create an OMutexStream object
               {
                   auto out{ mout.ostream() }  // locks the mutex (lock #1)
                   mout << "Hello ";           // also locks (lock #2, at ;
                                               //             back to lock #1)
                   out << "world\n";
               }                               // ’out’ releases the lock
           }

       Be careful to restrict the lifetime of the object returned by OMutexStream::ostream().

NAMESPACE

       FBB
       All  constructors,  members,  operators  and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are
       defined in the namespace FBB.

INHERITS FROM

       (via OMutexStream::Out) std::ostream

CONSTRUCTORS

       o      OMutexStream(std::ostream &out):
              The OMutexStream object is initialized with an std::ostream object.

       Copy and move constructors (and assignment operators) are available.

OVERLOADED OPERATORS

       o      OMutexStream::Out operator<<(OMutexStream const &mstr, Tp &&tp):
              This member is a function template. Its forwarding reference is passed  on  to  the
              OMutexStream::Out  object constructed by mstr. Since OMutexStream::Out constructors
              lock the class’s mutex, and since OMutexStream::Out was derived  from  std::ostream
              all  insertion  and  other operations that are allowed for std::ostream can also be
              used for OMutexStream::Out objects.

       o      OMutexStream::Out operator<<(OMutexStream const &mstr, Ret &(*manip)(Ret &os)):
              This member also is a function template. It  is  used  for  inserting  manipulators
              without arguments into OMutexStream::Out objects.

MEMBER FUNCTIONS

       o      OMutexStream::Out ostream() const:
              A OMutexStream::Out object is returned that has locked its mutex, and will keep the
              lock during its lifetime. All functionality of the std::ostream class can  also  be
              used for the OMutexStream::Out object returned by ostream.

              Be    careful    to   restrict   the   lifetime   of   the   object   returned   by
              OMutexStream::ostream() to avoid needlessly long mutex locks.

EXAMPLE

       #include <iostream>
       #include <thread>
       #include <chrono>
       #include <cstdlib>
       #include <cmath>
       #include <ctime>

       #include <bobcat/omutexstream>

       using namespace std;
       using namespace FBB;

       OMutexStream mout(cout);

       void run(int nr)
       {
           for (size_t idx = 0; idx != 3; ++idx)
           {
               mout << "hello world 1 from thread " << nr << ": " <<
                       log(rand()) << endl;

               this_thread::sleep_for(
                       chrono::milliseconds(200 + rand() % 800));

              mout << "hello world 2 from thread " << nr << ": " <<
                       log(rand()) << ’\n’;

               this_thread::sleep_for(
                       chrono::milliseconds(200 + rand() % 800));
           }

           auto out{ mout.ostream() };
           cout << nr << ": " << out.tellp() << ’\n’;
       }

       int main()
       {
           srand(time(0));

           thread t1(run, 1);
           thread t2(run, 2);
           thread t3(run, 3);
           thread t4(run, 4);

           t1.join();
           t2.join();
           t3.join();
           t4.join();
       }

FILES

       bobcat/omutexstream - defines the class interface

SEE ALSO

       bobcat(7)

BUGS

       None Reported.

DISTRIBUTION FILES

       o      bobcat_5.00.02-x.dsc: detached signature;

       o      bobcat_5.00.02-x.tar.gz: source archive;

       o      bobcat_5.00.02-x_i386.changes: change log;

       o      libbobcat1_5.00.02-x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries;

       o      libbobcat1-dev_5.00.02-x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries,  headers  and
              manual pages;

       o      http://sourceforge.net/projects/bobcat: public archive location;

BOBCAT

       Bobcat is an acronym of `Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.

COPYRIGHT

       This  is  free  software,  distributed  under  the terms of the GNU General Public License
       (GPL).

AUTHOR

       Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).