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NAME

       rtime - get time from a remote machine

SYNOPSIS

       #include <rpc/auth_des.h>

       int rtime(struct sockaddr_in *addrp, struct rpc_timeval *timep,
                 struct rpc_timeval *timeout);

DESCRIPTION

       This  function  uses  the  Time Server Protocol as described in RFC 868 to obtain the time
       from a remote machine.

       The Time Server Protocol gives the time in seconds since 00:00:00 UTC,  1  Jan  1900,  and
       this function subtracts the appropriate constant in order to convert the result to seconds
       since the Epoch, 1970-01-01 00:00:00 +0000 (UTC).

       When timeout is non-NULL, the udp/time socket (port 37) is used.  Otherwise, the  tcp/time
       socket (port 37) is used.

RETURN VALUE

       On  success, 0 is returned, and the obtained 32-bit time value is stored in timep->tv_sec.
       In case of error -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

ERRORS

       All errors for underlying functions (sendto(2), poll(2), recvfrom(2), connect(2), read(2))
       can occur.  Moreover:

       EIO    The number of returned bytes is not 4.

       ETIMEDOUT
              The waiting time as defined in timeout has expired.

ATTRIBUTES

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       ┌──────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐
       │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
       ├──────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤
       │rtime()   │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       └──────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘

NOTES

       Only IPv4 is supported.

       Some in.timed versions support only TCP.  Try the example program with use_tcp set to 1.

       Libc5 uses the prototype

           int rtime(struct sockaddr_in *, struct timeval *, struct timeval *);

       and requires <sys/time.h> instead of <rpc/auth_des.h>.

BUGS

       rtime() in glibc 2.2.5 and earlier does not work properly on 64-bit machines.

EXAMPLE

       This  example  requires  that  port  37 is up and open.  You may check that the time entry
       within /etc/inetd.conf is not commented out.

       The program connects to a computer called "linux".  Using "localhost" does not work.   The
       result is the localtime of the computer "linux".

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <errno.h>
       #include <string.h>
       #include <time.h>
       #include <rpc/auth_des.h>
       #include <netdb.h>

       static int use_tcp = 0;
       static char *servername = "linux";

       int
       main(void)
       {
           struct sockaddr_in name;
           struct rpc_timeval time1 = {0,0};
           struct rpc_timeval timeout = {1,0};
           struct hostent *hent;
           int ret;

           memset(&name, 0, sizeof(name));
           sethostent(1);
           hent = gethostbyname(servername);
           memcpy(&name.sin_addr, hent->h_addr, hent->h_length);

           ret = rtime(&name, &time1, use_tcp ? NULL : &timeout);
           if (ret < 0)
               perror("rtime error");
           else {
               time_t t = time1.tv_sec;
               printf("%s\n", ctime(&t));
           }

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO

       ntpdate(1), inetd(8)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 5.01 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of  this  page,  can  be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.