Provided by: libsystemd-dev_242-7ubuntu3_amd64 bug

NAME

       sd_journal_add_match, sd_journal_add_disjunction, sd_journal_add_conjunction,
       sd_journal_flush_matches - Add or remove entry matches

SYNOPSIS

       #include <systemd/sd-journal.h>

       int sd_journal_add_match(sd_journal *j, const void *data, size_t size);

       int sd_journal_add_disjunction(sd_journal *j);

       int sd_journal_add_conjunction(sd_journal *j);

       void sd_journal_flush_matches(sd_journal *j);

DESCRIPTION

       sd_journal_add_match() adds a match by which to filter the entries of the journal file.
       Matches applied with this call will filter what can be iterated through and read from the
       journal file via calls like sd_journal_next(3) and sd_journal_get_data(3). Parameter data
       must be of the form "FIELD=value", where the FIELD part is a short uppercase string
       consisting only of 0–9, A–Z and the underscore; it may not begin with two underscores or
       be the empty string. The value part may be anything, including binary. Parameter size
       specifies the number of bytes in data (i.e. the length of FIELD, plus one, plus the length
       of value). Parameter size may also be specified as 0, in which case data must be a
       NUL-terminated string, and the bytes before the terminating zero are used as the match.

       If a match is applied, only entries with this field set will be iterated. Multiple matches
       may be active at the same time: If they apply to different fields, only entries with both
       fields set like this will be iterated. If they apply to the same fields, only entries
       where the field takes one of the specified values will be iterated. Well known fields are
       documented in systemd.journal-fields(7). Whenever a new match is added the current entry
       position is reset, and sd_journal_next(3) (or a similar call) needs to be called before
       entries can be read again.

       sd_journal_add_disjunction() may be used to insert a disjunction (i.e. logical OR) in the
       match list. If this call is invoked, all previously added matches since the last
       invocation of sd_journal_add_disjunction() or sd_journal_add_conjunction() are combined in
       an OR with all matches added afterwards, until sd_journal_add_disjunction() or
       sd_journal_add_conjunction() is invoked again to begin the next OR or AND term.

       sd_journal_add_conjunction() may be used to insert a conjunction (i.e. logical AND) in the
       match list. If this call is invoked, all previously added matches since the last
       invocation of sd_journal_add_conjunction() are combined in an AND with all matches added
       afterwards, until sd_journal_add_conjunction() is invoked again to begin the next AND
       term. The combination of sd_journal_add_match(), sd_journal_add_disjunction() and
       sd_journal_add_conjunction() may be used to build complex search terms, even though full
       logical expressions are not available. Note that sd_journal_add_conjunction() operates one
       level 'higher' than sd_journal_add_disjunction(). It is hence possible to build an
       expression of AND terms, consisting of OR terms, consisting of AND terms, consisting of OR
       terms of matches (the latter OR expression is implicitly created for matches with the same
       field name, see above).

       sd_journal_flush_matches() may be used to flush all matches, disjunction and conjunction
       terms again. After this call all filtering is removed and all entries in the journal will
       be iterated again.

       Note that filtering via matches only applies to the way the journal is read, it has no
       effect on storage on disk.

RETURN VALUE

       sd_journal_add_match(), sd_journal_add_disjunction() and sd_journal_add_conjunction()
       return 0 on success or a negative errno-style error code.  sd_journal_flush_matches()
       returns nothing.

NOTES

       These APIs are implemented as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with
       the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

EXAMPLES

       The following example adds matches to a journal context object to iterate only through
       messages generated by the Avahi service at the four error log levels, plus all messages of
       the message ID 03bb1dab98ab4ecfbf6fff2738bdd964 coming from any service (this example
       lacks the necessary error checking):

           ...
           int add_matches(sd_journal *j) {
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "_SYSTEMD_UNIT=avahi-daemon.service", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=0", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=1", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=2", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=3", 0);
             sd_journal_add_disjunction(j);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "MESSAGE_ID=03bb1dab98ab4ecfbf6fff2738bdd964", 0);
           }

SEE ALSO

       systemd(1), sd-journal(3), sd_journal_open(3), sd_journal_next(3), sd_journal_get_data(3),
       systemd.journal-fields(7)