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NAME

       setaliasent,  endaliasent,  getaliasent, getaliasent_r, getaliasbyname, getaliasbyname_r -
       read an alias entry

SYNOPSIS

       #include <aliases.h>

       void setaliasent(void);

       void endaliasent(void);

       struct aliasent *getaliasent(void);

       int getaliasent_r(struct aliasent *result,
               char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct aliasent **res);

       struct aliasent *getaliasbyname(const char *name);

       int getaliasbyname_r(const char *name, struct aliasent *result,
               char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct aliasent **res);

DESCRIPTION

       One of the databases available with the Name Service Switch (NSS) is the aliases database,
       that  contains  mail  aliases.   (To  find  out  which databases are supported, try getent
       --help.)  Six functions are provided to access the aliases database.

       The getaliasent()  function  returns  a  pointer  to  a  structure  containing  the  group
       information  from  the aliases database.  The first time it is called it returns the first
       entry; thereafter, it returns successive entries.

       The setaliasent() function rewinds the file  pointer  to  the  beginning  of  the  aliases
       database.

       The endaliasent() function closes the aliases database.

       getaliasent_r()  is  the  reentrant  version  of  the  previous  function.   The requested
       structure is stored via the first argument but the programmer  needs  to  fill  the  other
       arguments also.  Not providing enough space causes the function to fail.

       The  function  getaliasbyname() takes the name argument and searches the aliases database.
       The entry is returned as a pointer to a struct aliasent.

       getaliasbyname_r() is the reentrant version  of  the  previous  function.   The  requested
       structure  is  stored  via  the second argument but the programmer needs to fill the other
       arguments also.  Not providing enough space causes the function to fail.

       The struct aliasent is defined in <aliases.h>:

           struct aliasent {
               char    *alias_name;             /* alias name */
               size_t   alias_members_len;
               char   **alias_members;          /* alias name list */
               int      alias_local;
           };

RETURN VALUE

       The functions getaliasent_r() and getaliasbyname_r() return a nonzero value on error.

FILES

       The default alias database  is  the  file  /etc/aliases.   This  can  be  changed  in  the
       /etc/nsswitch.conf file.

ATTRIBUTES

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       ┌────────────────────┬───────────────┬────────────────┐
       │InterfaceAttributeValue          │
       ├────────────────────┼───────────────┼────────────────┤
       │setaliasent(),      │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe locale │
       │endaliasent(),      │               │                │
       │getaliasent_r(),    │               │                │
       │getaliasbyname_r()  │               │                │
       ├────────────────────┼───────────────┼────────────────┤
       │getaliasent(),      │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe      │
       │getaliasbyname()    │               │                │
       └────────────────────┴───────────────┴────────────────┘

CONFORMING TO

       These routines are glibc-specific.  The NeXT system has similar routines:

           #include <aliasdb.h>

           void alias_setent(void);
           void alias_endent(void);
           alias_ent *alias_getent(void);
           alias_ent *alias_getbyname(char *name);

EXAMPLE

       The  following  example compiles with gcc example.c -o example.  It will dump all names in
       the alias database.

       #include <aliases.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <errno.h>

       int
       main(void)
       {
           struct aliasent *al;
           setaliasent();
           for (;;) {
               al = getaliasent();
               if (al == NULL)
                   break;
               printf("Name: %s\n", al->alias_name);
           }
           if (errno) {
               perror("reading alias");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }
           endaliasent();
           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO

       getgrent(3), getpwent(3), getspent(3), aliases(5)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 5.01 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.