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NAME

       tempnam - create a name for a temporary file

SYNOPSIS

       #include <stdio.h>

       char *tempnam(const char *dir, const char *pfx);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       tempnam():
           Since glibc 2.19:
               _DEFAULT_SOURCE
           Glibc 2.19 and earlier:
               _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

       Never use this function.  Use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3) instead.

       The  tempnam()  function  returns a pointer to a string that is a valid filename, and such
       that a file with this name did not exist when tempnam() checked.  The filename  suffix  of
       the  pathname  generated  will  start with pfx in case pfx is a non-NULL string of at most
       five bytes.  The directory prefix part  of  the  pathname  generated  is  required  to  be
       "appropriate" (often that at least implies writable).

       Attempts to find an appropriate directory go through the following steps:

       a) In  case the environment variable TMPDIR exists and contains the name of an appropriate
          directory, that is used.

       b) Otherwise, if the dir argument is non-NULL and appropriate, it is used.

       c) Otherwise, P_tmpdir (as defined in <stdio.h>) is used when appropriate.

       d) Finally an implementation-defined directory may be used.

       The string returned by tempnam() is allocated using malloc(3) and hence should be freed by
       free(3).

RETURN VALUE

       On  success,  the tempnam() function returns a pointer to a unique temporary filename.  It
       returns NULL if a unique name cannot be generated, with errno set to indicate the cause of
       the error.

ERRORS

       ENOMEM Allocation of storage failed.

ATTRIBUTES

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       ┌──────────┬───────────────┬─────────────┐
       │InterfaceAttributeValue       │
       ├──────────┼───────────────┼─────────────┤
       │tempnam() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe env │
       └──────────┴───────────────┴─────────────┘

CONFORMING TO

       SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.  POSIX.1-2008 marks tempnam() as obsolete.

NOTES

       Although  tempnam()  generates  names  that  are  difficult  to  guess, it is nevertheless
       possible that between the time that tempnam() returns a pathname, and the  time  that  the
       program  opens  it, another program might create that pathname using open(2), or create it
       as a symbolic link.  This can lead to security holes.  To avoid  such  possibilities,  use
       the  open(2)  O_EXCL  flag  to  open  the  pathname.   Or  better  yet,  use mkstemp(3) or
       tmpfile(3).

       SUSv2 does not mention the use of TMPDIR; glibc will use it only when the program  is  not
       set-user-ID.  On SVr4, the directory used under d) is /tmp (and this is what glibc does).

       Because  it  dynamically  allocates  memory  used  to  return  the  pathname, tempnam() is
       reentrant, and thus thread safe, unlike tmpnam(3).

       The tempnam() function generates a different string each time it is called, up to  TMP_MAX
       (defined  in  <stdio.h>)  times.  If it is called more than TMP_MAX times, the behavior is
       implementation defined.

       tempnam() uses at most the first five bytes from pfx.

       The glibc implementation of tempnam() fails with the error EEXIST upon failure to  find  a
       unique name.

BUGS

       The  precise meaning of "appropriate" is undefined; it is unspecified how accessibility of
       a directory is determined.

SEE ALSO

       mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tmpfile(3), tmpnam(3)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 5.01 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

                                            2017-09-15                                 TEMPNAM(3)