Provided by: uuid-dev_2.33.1-0.1ubuntu2_amd64 bug

NAME

       uuid_generate,  uuid_generate_random, uuid_generate_time, uuid_generate_time_safe - create
       a new unique UUID value

SYNOPSIS

       #include <uuid.h>

       void uuid_generate(uuid_t out);
       void uuid_generate_random(uuid_t out);
       void uuid_generate_time(uuid_t out);
       int uuid_generate_time_safe(uuid_t out);
       void uuid_generate_md5(uuid_t out, const uuid_t ns, const char *name, size_t len);
       void uuid_generate_sha1(uuid_t out, const uuid_t ns, const char *name, size_t len);

DESCRIPTION

       The uuid_generate function creates a new universally unique identifier (UUID).   The  uuid
       will be generated based on high-quality randomness from /dev/urandom, if available.  If it
       is not available, then uuid_generate will use an  alternative  algorithm  which  uses  the
       current  time,  the  local  ethernet MAC address (if available), and random data generated
       using a pseudo-random generator.

       The uuid_generate_random function forces the use of the all-random UUID format, even if  a
       high-quality  random number generator (i.e., /dev/urandom) is not available, in which case
       a pseudo-random generator will be substituted.  Note  that  the  use  of  a  pseudo-random
       generator may compromise the uniqueness of UUIDs generated in this fashion.

       The uuid_generate_time function forces the use of the alternative algorithm which uses the
       current time and the local ethernet MAC address (if available).  This algorithm used to be
       the  default  one  used  to  generate  UUIDs,  but  because of the use of the ethernet MAC
       address, it can leak information about when and where the UUID was  generated.   This  can
       cause  privacy problems in some applications, so the uuid_generate function only uses this
       algorithm if  a  high-quality  source  of  randomness  is  not  available.   To  guarantee
       uniqueness  of  UUIDs generated by concurrently running processes, the uuid library uses a
       global clock state counter (if the process has permissions to  gain  exclusive  access  to
       this  file)  and/or  the  uuidd  daemon, if it is running already or can be spawned by the
       process (if installed and the process has enough permissions to run it).   If  neither  of
       these  two  synchronization  mechanisms can be used, it is theoretically possible that two
       concurrently running processes obtain the same UUID(s).  To tell whether the UUID has been
       generated in a safe manner, use uuid_generate_time_safe.

       The  uuid_generate_time_safe  function  is  similar  to uuid_generate_time, except that it
       returns a value which denotes whether any of the synchronization  mechanisms  (see  above)
       has been used.

       The  UUID  is  16 bytes (128 bits) long, which gives approximately 3.4x10^38 unique values
       (there are approximately 10^80 elementary particles in  the  universe  according  to  Carl
       Sagan's Cosmos).  The new UUID can reasonably be considered unique among all UUIDs created
       on the local system, and among UUIDs created on other systems  in  the  past  and  in  the
       future.

       The  uuid_generate_md5  and  uuid_generate_sha1  functions generate an MD5 and SHA1 hashed
       (predictable) UUID based on a well-known UUID providing the  namespace  and  an  arbitrary
       binary string. The UUIDs conform to V3 and V5 UUIDs per RFC-4122.

RETURN VALUE

       The   newly  created  UUID  is  returned  in  the  memory  location  pointed  to  by  out.
       uuid_generate_time_safe returns zero if the UUID has been generated in a safe  manner,  -1
       otherwise.

CONFORMING TO

       This  library  generates UUIDs compatible with OSF DCE 1.1, and hash based UUIDs V3 and V5
       compatible with RFC-4122.

AUTHOR

       Theodore Y. Ts'o

AVAILABILITY

       libuuid is part of the util-linux package since  version  2.15.1  and  is  available  from
       https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.

SEE ALSO

       uuidgen(1),   uuid(3),   uuid_clear(3),  uuid_compare(3),  uuid_copy(3),  uuid_is_null(3),
       uuid_parse(3), uuid_time(3), uuid_unparse(3), uuidd(8)