Provided by: flatpak-builder_1.0.8-2_amd64 bug

NAME

       flatpak-manifest - Information for building an application

DESCRIPTION

       Flatpak uses manifest, or recipe, files in a json or yaml format to describe how an
       application and its bundled dependencies can be built from sources. The manifest gets used
       by flatpak-builder.

FILE FORMAT

       The top level of the manifest file describes global attributes of the application, how it
       can be built, and the list of modules that need to be built.

   Toplevel properties
       These are the properties that are accepted:

       id or app-id (string)
           A string defining the application id.

       branch (string)
           The branch to use when exporting the application. If this is unset the defaults come
           from the default-branch option.

           This key overrides both the default-branch key, and the --default-branch commandline
           option. Unless you need a very specific branchname (like for a runtime or an
           extension) it is recommended to use the default-branch key instead, because you can
           then override the default using --default-branch when building for instance a test
           build.

       default-branch (string)
           The default branch to use when exporting the application. Defaults to master.

           This key can be overriden by the --default-branch commandline option.

       collection-id (string)
           The collection ID of the repository, defaults to being unset. Setting a globally
           unique collection ID allows the apps in the repository to be shared over peer to peer
           systems without needing further configuration. If building in an existing repository,
           the collection ID must match the existing configured collection ID for that
           repository.

       extension-tag (string)
           If building an extension, the tag for the extension point to use. Since flatpak 0.11.4
           a runtime may define multiple locations for the same extension point with the
           intention that different branches for the extension are mounted at each location. When
           building an extension it is necessary to know what extension point to install the
           extension to. This option resolves any ambiguity in which extension point to choose.
           If not specified, the default choice is to install into either the only location for
           the extension point or into the location for the untagged extension point. If there
           are multiple locations for the same extension point defined with different tags then
           an error will occur.

       runtime (string)
           The name of the runtime that the application uses.

       runtime-version (string)
           The version of the runtime that the application uses, defaults to master.

       sdk (string)
           The name of the development runtime that the application builds with.

       var (string)
           Initialize the (otherwise empty) writable /var in the build with a copy of this
           runtime.

       metadata (string)
           Use this file as the base metadata file when finishing.

       command (string)
           The filename or path to the main binary of the application. Note that this is really
           just a single file, not a commandline. If you want to pass arguments, install a shell
           script wrapper and use that as the command.

           Also note that the command is used when the application is run via flatpak run, and
           does not affect what gets executed when the application is run in other ways, e.g. via
           the desktop file or D-Bus activation.

       build-runtime (boolean)
           Build a new runtime instead of an application.

       build-extension (boolean)
           Build an extension.

       separate-locales (boolean)
           Separate out locale files and translations to an extension runtime. Defaults to true.

       id-platform (string)
           When building a runtime sdk, also create a platform based on it with this id.

       metadata-platform (string)
           The metadata file to use for the platform we create.

       writable-sdk (boolean)
           If true, use a writable copy of the sdk for /usr. Defaults to true if build-runtime is
           specified.

       appstream-compose (boolean)
           Run appstream-compose during cleanup phase. Defaults to true.

       sdk-extensions (array of strings)
           Install these extra sdk extensions in /usr.

       platform-extensions (array of strings)
           Install these extra sdk extensions when creating the platform.

       base (string)
           Start with the files from the specified application. This can be used to create
           applications that extend another application.

       base-version (string)
           Use this specific version of the application specified in base. If unspecified, this
           uses the value specified in branch

       base-extensions (array of strings)
           Install these extra extensions from the base application when initializing the
           application directory.

       inherit-extensions (array of strings)
           Inherit these extra extensions points from the base application or sdk when finishing
           the build.

       inherit-sdk-extensions (array of strings)
           Inherit these extra extensions points from the base application or sdk when finishing
           the build, but do not inherit them into the platform.

       tags (array of strings)
           Add these tags to the metadata file.

       build-options (object)
           Object specifying the build environment. See below for details.

       modules (array of objects or strings)
           An array of objects specifying the modules to be built in order. String members in the
           array are interpreted as the name of a separate json or yaml file that contains a
           module. See below for details.

       add-extensions (objects)
           This is a dictionary of extension objects. The key is the name of the extension. See
           below for details.

       add-build-extensions (objects)
           This is a dictionary of extension objects similar to add-extensions. The main
           difference is that the extensions are added early and are available for use during the
           build.

       cleanup (array of strings)
           An array of file patterns that should be removed at the end. Patterns starting with /
           are taken to be full pathnames (without the /app prefix), otherwise they just match
           the basename.

       cleanup-commands (array of strings)
           An array of commandlines that are run during the cleanup phase.

       cleanup-platform (array of strings)
           Extra files to clean up in the platform.

       cleanup-platform-commands (array of strings)
           An array of commandlines that are run during the cleanup phase of the platform.

       prepare-platform-commands (array of strings)
           An array of commandlines that are run after importing the base platform, but before
           applying the new files from the sdk. This is a good place to e.g. delete things from
           the base that may conflict with the files added in the sdk.

       finish-args (array of strings)
           An array of arguments passed to the flatpak build-finish command.

       rename-desktop-file (string)
           Any desktop file with this name will be renamed to a name based on id during the
           cleanup phase.

       rename-appdata-file (string)
           Any appdata file with this name will be renamed to a name based on id during the
           cleanup phase.

       rename-icon (string)
           Any icon with this name will be renamed to a name based on id during the cleanup
           phase. Note that this is the icon name, not the full filenames, so it should not
           include a filename extension.

       appdata-license (string)
           Replace the appdata project_license field with this string. This is useful as the
           upstream license is typically only about the application itself, whereas the bundled
           app can contain other licenses too.

       copy-icon (boolean)
           If rename-icon is set, keep a copy of the old icon file.

       desktop-file-name-prefix (string)
           This string will be prefixed to the Name key in the main application desktop file.

       desktop-file-name-suffix (string)
           This string will be suffixed to the Name key in the main application desktop file.

   Build Options
       Build options specify the build environment of a module, and can be specified globally as
       well as per-module. Options can also be specified on a per-architecture basis using the
       arch property.

       These are the properties that are accepted:

       cflags (string)
           This is set in the environment variable CFLAGS during the build. Multiple
           specifications of this (in e.g. per-arch area) are concatenated, separated by spaces.

       cflags-override (boolean)
           If this is true, clear cflags from previous build options before adding it from these
           options.

       cppflags (string)
           This is set in the environment variable CPPFLAGS during the build. Multiple
           specifications of this (in e.g. per-arch area) are concatenated, separated by spaces.

       cppflags-override (boolean)
           If this is true, clear cppflags from previous build options before adding it from
           these options.

       cxxflags (string)
           This is set in the environment variable CXXFLAGS during the build. Multiple
           specifications of this (in e.g. per-arch area) are concatenated, separated by spaces.

       cxxflags-override (boolean)
           If this is true, clear cxxflags from previous build options before adding it from
           these options.

       ldflags (string)
           This is set in the environment variable LDFLAGS during the build. Multiple
           specifications of this (in e.g. per-arch area) are concatenated, separated by spaces.

       ldflags-override (boolean)
           If this is true, clear ldflags from previous build options before adding it from these
           options.

       prefix (string)
           The build prefix for the modules (defaults to /app for applications and /usr for
           runtimes).

       libdir (string)
           The build libdir for the modules (defaults to /app/lib for applications and /usr/lib
           for runtimes).

       append-path (string)
           This will get appended to PATH in the build environment (with an leading colon if
           needed).

       prepend-path (string)
           This will get prepended to PATH in the build environment (with an trailing colon if
           needed).

       append-ld-library-path (string)
           This will get appended to LD_LIBRARY_PATH in the build environment (with an leading
           colon if needed).

       prepend-ld-library-path (string)
           This will get prepended to LD_LIBRARY_PATH in the build environment (with an trailing
           colon if needed).

       append-pkg-config-path (string)
           This will get appended to PKG_CONFIG_PATH in the build environment (with an leading
           colon if needed).

       prepend-pkg-config-path (string)
           This will get prepended to PKG_CONFIG_PATH in the build environment (with an trailing
           colon if needed).

       env (object)
           This is a dictionary defining environment variables to be set during the build.
           Elements in this override the properties that set the environment, like cflags and
           ldflags. Keys with a null value unset the corresponding variable.

       build-args (array of strings)
           This is an array containing extra options to pass to flatpak build.

       test-args (array of strings)
           Similar to build-args but affects the tests, not the normal build.

       config-opts (array of strings)
           This is an array containing extra options to pass to configure.

       make-args (array of strings)
           An array of extra arguments that will be passed to make

       make-install-args (array of strings)
           An array of extra arguments that will be passed to make install

       strip (boolean)
           If this is true (the default is false) then all ELF files will be stripped after
           install.

       no-debuginfo (boolean)
           By default (if strip is not true) flatpak-builder extracts all debug info in ELF files
           to a separate files and puts this in an extension. If you want to disable this, set
           no-debuginfo to true.

       no-debuginfo-compression (boolean)
           By default when extracting debuginfo we compress the debug sections. If you want to
           disable this, set no-debuginfo-compression to true.

       arch (object)
           This is a dictionary defining for each arch a separate build options object that
           override the main one.

   Extension
       Extension define extension points in the app/runtime that can be implemented by
       extensions, supplying extra files which are available during runtime..

       These are the properties that are accepted:

       directory (string)
           The directory where the extension is mounted. If the extension point is for an
           application, this path is relative to /app, otherwise it is relative to /usr.

       bundle (boolean)
           If this is true, then the data created in the extension directory is omitted from the
           result, and instead packaged in a separate extension.

       remove-after-build (boolean)
           If this is true, the extension is removed during when finishing. This is only
           interesting for extensions in the add-build-extensions property.

       Additionally the standard flatpak extension properies are supported, and put directly into
       the metadata file: autodelete, no-autodownload, subdirectories, add-ld-path, download-if,
       enable-if, merge-dirs, subdirectory-suffix, locale-subset, version, versions. See the
       flatpak metadata documentation for more information on these.

   Module
       Each module specifies a source that has to be separately built and installed. It contains
       the build options and a list of sources to download and extract before building.

       Modules can be nested, in order to turn related modules on and off with a single key.

       These are the properties that are accepted:

       name (string)
           The name of the module, used in e.g. build logs. The name is also used for
           constructing filenames and commandline arguments, therefore using spaces or '/' in
           this string is a bad idea.

       disabled (boolean)
           If true, skip this module

       sources (array of objects or strings)
           An array of objects defining sources that will be downloaded and extracted in order.
           String members in the array are interpreted as the name of a separate json or yaml
           file that contains sources. See below for details.

       config-opts (array of strings)
           An array of options that will be passed to configure

       make-args (array of strings)
           An array of arguments that will be passed to make

       make-install-args (array of strings)
           An array of arguments that will be passed to make install

       rm-configure (boolean)
           If true, remove the configure script before starting build

       no-autogen (boolean)
           Ignore the existence of an autogen script

       no-parallel-make (boolean)
           Don't call make with arguments to build in parallel

       install-rule (string)
           Name of the rule passed to make for the install phase, default is install

       no-make-install (boolean)
           Don't run the make install (or equivalent) stage

       no-python-timestamp-fix (boolean)
           Don't fix up the *.py[oc] header timestamps for ostree use.

       cmake (boolean)
           Use cmake instead of configure (deprecated: use buildsystem instead)

       buildsystem (string)
           Build system to use: autotools, cmake, cmake-ninja, meson, simple, qmake

       builddir (boolean)
           Use a build directory that is separate from the source directory

       subdir (string)
           Build inside this subdirectory of the extracted sources

       build-options (object)
           A build options object that can override global options

       build-commands (array of strings)
           An array of commands to run during build (between make and make install if those are
           used). This is primarily useful when using the "simple" buildsystem. Each command is
           run in /bin/sh -c, so it can use standard POSIX shell syntax such as piping output.

       post-install (array of strings)
           An array of shell commands that are run after the install phase. Can for example clean
           up the install dir, or install extra files.

       cleanup (array of strings)
           An array of file patterns that should be removed at the end. Patterns starting with /
           are taken to be full pathnames (without the /app prefix), otherwise they just match
           the basename. Note that any patterns will only match files installed by this module.

       ensure-writable (array of strings)
           The way the builder works is that files in the install directory are hard-links to the
           cached files, so you're not allowed to modify them in-place. If you list a file in
           this then the hardlink will be broken and you can modify it. This is a workaround,
           ideally installing files should replace files, not modify existing ones.

       only-arches (array of strings)
           If non-empty, only build the module on the arches listed.

       skip-arches (array of strings)
           Don't build on any of the arches listed.

       cleanup-platform (array of strings)
           Extra files to clean up in the platform.

       run-tests (boolean)
           If true this will run the tests after installing.

       test-rule (string)
           The target to build when running the tests. Defaults to "check" for make and "test"
           for ninja. Set to empty to disable.

       test-commands (array of strings)
           Array of commands to run during the tests.

       modules (array of objects or strings)
           An array of objects specifying nested modules to be built before this one. String
           members in the array are interpreted as names of a separate json or yaml file that
           contains a module.

   Sources
       These contain a pointer to the source that will be extracted into the source directory
       before the build starts. They can be of several types, distinguished by the type property.

       Additionally, the sources list can contain a plain string, which is interpreted as the
       name of a separate json or yaml file that is read and inserted at this point. The file can
       contain a single source, or an array of sources.

       All sources
           only-arches (array of strings)
               If non-empty, only build the module on the arches listed.

           skip-arches (array of strings)
               Don't build on any of the arches listed.

           dest (string)
               Directory inside the source dir where this source will be extracted.

       Archive sources (tar, zip)
           type
               "archive"

           path (string)
               The path of the archive

           url (string)
               The URL of a remote archive that will be downloaded. This overrides path if both
               are specified.

           mirror-urls (array of strings)
               A list of alternative urls that are used if the main url fails.

           git-init (boolean)
               Whether to initialise the repository as a git repository.

           md5 (string)
               The md5 checksum of the file, verified after download

               Note that md5 is no longer considered a safe checksum, we recommend you use at
               least sha256.

           sha1 (string)
               The sha1 checksum of the file, verified after download

               Note that sha1 is no longer considered a safe checksum, we recommend you use at
               least sha256.

           sha256 (string)
               The sha256 checksum of the file, verified after download

           sha512 (string)
               The sha512 checksum of the file, verified after download

           strip-components (integer)
               The number of initial pathname components to strip during extraction. Defaults to
               1.

           dest-filename (string)
               Filename to for the downloaded file, defaults to the basename of url.

       Git sources
           type
               "git"

           path (string)
               The path to a local checkout of the git repository. Due to how git-clone works,
               this will be much faster than specifying a URL of file:///...

           url (string)
               URL of the git repository. This overrides path if both are specified. When using
               git via SSH, the correct syntax is ssh://user@domain/path/to/repo.git.

           branch (string)
               The branch to use from the git repository

           tag (string)
               The tag to use from the git repository

           commit (string)
               The commit to use from the git repository. If branch is also specified, then it is
               verified that the branch/tag is at this specific commit. This is a readable way to
               document that you're using a particular tag, but verify that it does not change.

           disable-fsckobjects (boolean)
               Don't use transfer.fsckObjects=1 to mirror git repository. This may be needed for
               some (broken) repositories.

           disable-shallow-clone (boolean)
               Don't optimize by making a shallow clone when downloading the git repo.

       Bzr sources
           type
               "bzr"

           url (string)
               URL of the bzr repository

           revision (string)
               A specific revision to use in the branch

       Svn sources
           type
               "svn"

           url (string)
               URL of the svn repository, including branch/tag part

           revision (string)
               A specific revision number to use

       Directory sources
           type
               "dir"

           path (string)
               The path of a local directory whose content will be copied into the source dir.
               Note that directory sources don't currently support caching, so they will be
               rebuilt each time.

           skip (array of strings)
               Source files to ignore in the directory.

       File sources
           type
               "file"

           path (string)
               The path of a local file that will be copied into the source dir

           url (string)
               The URL of a remote file that will be downloaded and copied into the source dir.
               This overrides path if both are specified.

           mirror-urls (array of strings)
               A list of alternative urls that are used if the main url fails.

           md5 (string)
               The md5 checksum of the file, verified after download. This is optional for local
               files.

               Note that md5 is no longer considered a safe checksum, we recommend you use at
               least sha256.

           sha1 (string)
               The sha1 checksum of the file, verified after download. This is optional for local
               files.

               Note that sha1 is no longer considered a safe checksum, we recommend you use at
               least sha256.

           sha256 (string)
               The sha256 checksum of the file, verified after download. This is optional for
               local files.

           sha512 (string)
               The sha512 checksum of the file, verified after download. This is optional for
               local files.

           dest-filename (string)
               Filename to use inside the source dir, default to the basename of path.

       Script sources
           This is a way to create a shell (/bin/sh) script from an inline set of commands.

           type
               "script"

           commands (array of strings)
               An array of shell commands that will be put in a shellscript file

           dest-filename (string)
               Filename to use inside the source dir, default to autogen.sh.

       Shell sources
           This is a way to create/modify the sources by running shell commands.

           type
               "shell"

           commands (array of strings)
               An array of shell commands that will be run during source extraction

       Patch sources
           type
               "patch"

           path (string)
               The path of a patch file that will be applied in the source dir

           paths (array of strings)
               An list of paths to a patch files that will be applied in the source dir, in order

           strip-components (integer)
               The value of the -p argument to patch, defaults to 1.

           use-git (boolean)
               Whether to use "git apply" rather than "patch" to apply the patch, required when
               the patch file contains binary diffs.

           use-git-am (boolean)
               Whether to use "git am" rather than "patch" to apply the patch, required when the
               patch file contains binary diffs. You cannot use this at the same time as use-git.

           options (array of strings)
               Extra options to pass to the patch command.

       Extra data sources
           type
               "extra-data"

           filename (string)
               The name to use for the downloaded extra data

           url (string)
               The url to the extra data.

           sha256 (string)
               The sha256 of the extra data.

           size (number)
               The size of the extra data.

           installed-size (string)
               The extra installed size this adds to the app (optional).

BUILD ENVIRONMENT

       When building the application each command is run in a separate sandbox with access to
       only the things required for it. This section describes the details of the sandbox. Any
       options here can be overridden globally or per-module with the build-args option (although
       such manifest will not work if you start flatpak-builder with --sandbox).

   Filesystem
       Each module is built in its own build directory, stored in a sub directory called
       build/$modulename-$count in the state dir (which is typically .flatpak-builder/).
       Additionally there is a symlink build/$modulename to the latest version. In order to
       generate reproducible builds this directory is also mounted as /run/build/$modulename in
       the sandbox (or /run/build-runtime/$modulename when building runtimes). This is used as
       current working directory for all build ops.

       The destination directory for installation is accessible for writing at the place it will
       seen at runtime. In the case of a regular application this will be /app. If building a
       runtime it will instead be /usr, and when building an extension it will be at the
       extensionpoint directory somewhere below /app (for app extension) or /usr (for runtime
       extensions).

       Additionally the there will be (as needed, depending on what is building) read-only mounts
       of the sdk at /usr, sdk extensions below that, and the application at /app. No other
       filesystem access is available.

   Environment
       The environment can be modified in several ways in the manifest, but the default values
       are:

       FLATPAK_ID
           The id of the application currently building.

       FLATPAK_ARCH
           The architecture currently building.

       FLATPAK_DEST
           The path to where the current build should install into. This is /app for application
           builds.

       FLATPAK_BUILDER_N_JOBS
           The number of jobs that flatpak-builder would normally use for make -j. Defaults to
           ncpus unless the module disabled parallel make.

       FLATPAK_BUILDER_BUILDDIR
           The path to the build directory of the module currently building. This is normally
           /run/build/$MODULE.

       PATH
           /app/bin:/usr/bin

       LD_LIBRARY_PATH
           /app/lib

       PKG_CONFIG_PATH
           /app/lib/pkgconfig:/app/share/pkgconfig:/usr/lib/pkgconfig:/usr/share/pkgconfig

       ACLOCAL_PATH
           /app/share/aclocal

       C_INCLUDE_PATH
           /app/include

       CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH
           /app/include

       LDFLAGS
           -L/app/lib

       LC_ALL
           en_US.utf8

   Permissions
       Builds have the --allow=devel and --allow=multiarch permissions that regular flatpak runs
       don't have by default. This allows limits the syscall filtering that is normally done so
       development tools like debuggers work. Otherwise the build sandbox is very limited, for
       example there is no network access.

EXAMPLES

       $ flatpak-builder my-app-dir manifest.json

       Example manifest file:

           {
               "id": "org.test.TestApp",
               "runtime": "org.freedesktop.Platform",
               "runtime-version": "1.2",
               "sdk": "org.freedesktop.Sdk",
               "command": "test",
               "clean": [ "/include", "*.la" ],
               "build-options" : {
                   "cflags": "-O2 -g",
                   "cxxflags": "-O2 -g",
                   "env": {
                       "V": "1"
                   },
                   "arch": {
                       "x86_64": {
                           "cflags": "-O3 -g",
                       }
                   }
               },
               "modules": [
                   {
                       "name": "pygobject",
                       "config-opts": [ "--disable-introspection" ],
                       "sources": [
                           {
                               "type": "archive",
                               "url": "http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/pygobject/2.28/pygobject-2.28.6.tar.xz",
                               "sha256": "fb8a1d4f665130a125011659bd347c7339c944232163dbb9a34fd0686577adb8"
                           },
                           {
                               "type": "patch",
                               "path": "required-pygobject-fix.patch"
                           },
                           {
                               "type": "file",
                               "path": "pygobject-extra-file",
                               "dest-filename": "extra-file"
                           }
                       ]
                   },
                   {
                       "name": "babl",
                       "build-options" : { "cxxflags": "-O2 -g -std=c++11" },
                       "cleanup": [ "/bin" ],
                       "sources": [
                           {
                               "type": "git",
                               "url": "https://gitlab.gnome.org/GNOME/babl.git"
                           }
                       ]
                   },
                   {
                       "name": "testapp",
                       "sources": [
                           {
                               "type": "bzr",
                               "url": "lp:testapp"
                           }
                       ]
                   }
               ]
           }

SEE ALSO

       flatpak-builder(1)