Provided by: postfix-mysql_3.4.5-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       mysql_table - Postfix MySQL client configuration

SYNOPSIS

       postmap -q "string" mysql:/etc/postfix/filename

       postmap -q - mysql:/etc/postfix/filename <inputfile

DESCRIPTION

       The  Postfix mail system uses optional tables for address rewriting or mail routing. These
       tables are usually in dbm or db format.

       Alternatively, lookup tables can be specified as MySQL databases.  In order to  use  MySQL
       lookups, define a MySQL source as a lookup table in main.cf, for example:
           alias_maps = mysql:/etc/mysql-aliases.cf

       The  file  /etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf  has the same format as the Postfix main.cf file,
       and can specify the parameters described below.

LIST MEMBERSHIP

       When using SQL  to  store  lists  such  as  $mynetworks,  $mydestination,  $relay_domains,
       $local_recipient_maps,  etc., it is important to understand that the table must store each
       list member as a separate key. The table lookup verifies the *existence* of the  key.  See
       "Postfix lists versus tables" in the DATABASE_README document for a discussion.

       Do  NOT  create  tables  that  return  the  full  list  of  domains  in  $mydestination or
       $relay_domains etc., or IP addresses in $mynetworks.

       DO create tables with each matching item as a key and with an arbitrary  value.  With  SQL
       databases it is not uncommon to return the key itself or a constant value.

MYSQL PARAMETERS

       hosts  The  hosts  that  Postfix will try to connect to and query from.  Specify unix: for
              UNIX domain sockets, inet: for TCP connections (default).  Example:
                  hosts = host1.some.domain host2.some.domain:port
                  hosts = unix:/file/name

              The hosts are tried in random order, with all connections over UNIX domain  sockets
              being  tried before those over TCP.  The connections are automatically closed after
              being idle for about 1 minute, and are re-opened as necessary. Postfix versions 2.0
              and earlier do not randomize the host order.

              NOTE:  if  you  specify localhost as a hostname (even if you prefix it with inet:),
              MySQL will connect to the default UNIX domain socket.  In order to  instruct  MySQL
              to connect to localhost over TCP you have to specify
                  hosts = 127.0.0.1

       user, password
              The user name and password to log into the mysql server.  Example:
                  user = someone
                  password = some_password

       dbname The database name on the servers. Example:
                  dbname = customer_database

       query  The  SQL  query  template used to search the database, where %s is a substitute for
              the address Postfix is trying to resolve, e.g.
                  query = SELECT replacement FROM aliases WHERE mailbox = '%s'

              By default, every query must return a result set (instead of storing its results in
              a  table); with "require_result_set = no" (Postfix 3.2 and later), the absence of a
              result set is treated as "not found".

              This parameter supports the following '%' expansions:

              %%     This is replaced by a literal '%' character.

              %s     This is replaced by the input key.  SQL quoting is used to  make  sure  that
                     the input key does not add unexpected metacharacters.

              %u     When  the input key is an address of the form user@domain, %u is replaced by
                     the SQL quoted local part of the address.  Otherwise, %u is replaced by  the
                     entire  search  string.   If the localpart is empty, the query is suppressed
                     and returns no results.

              %d     When the input key is an address of the form user@domain, %d is replaced  by
                     the  SQL  quoted  domain  part  of  the  address.   Otherwise,  the query is
                     suppressed and returns no results.

              %[SUD] The upper-case equivalents of the  above  expansions  behave  in  the  query
                     parameter   identically   to   their  lower-case  counter-parts.   With  the
                     result_format parameter (see below), they expand the input key  rather  than
                     the result value.

              %[1-9] The  patterns  %1,  %2,  ...  %9  are  replaced  by  the  corresponding most
                     significant component of the  input  key's  domain.  If  the  input  key  is
                     user@mail.example.com,  then %1 is com, %2 is example and %3 is mail. If the
                     input key is unqualified or  does  not  have  enough  domain  components  to
                     satisfy  all  the specified patterns, the query is suppressed and returns no
                     results.

              The domain parameter described below limits the input keys to addresses in matching
              domains.  When  the  domain  parameter  is  non-empty,  SQL queries for unqualified
              addresses or addresses  in  non-matching  domains  are  suppressed  and  return  no
              results.

              This  parameter  is available with Postfix 2.2. In prior releases the SQL query was
              built  from  the  separate  parameters:  select_field,   table,   where_field   and
              additional_conditions.  The mapping from the old parameters to the equivalent query
              is:

                  SELECT [select_field]
                  FROM [table]
                  WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
                        [additional_conditions]

              The '%s' in the WHERE clause expands to the escaped search  string.   With  Postfix
              2.2 these legacy parameters are used if the query parameter is not specified.

              NOTE: DO NOT put quotes around the query parameter.

       result_format (default: %s)
              Format  template  applied  to  result  attributes. Most commonly used to append (or
              prepend) text to the result. This parameter supports the following '%' expansions:

              %%     This is replaced by a literal '%' character.

              %s     This is replaced by the value of the result attribute. When result is  empty
                     it is skipped.

              %u     When the result attribute value is an address of the form user@domain, %u is
                     replaced by the local part of the address. When  the  result  has  an  empty
                     localpart it is skipped.

              %d     When  a  result attribute value is an address of the form user@domain, %d is
                     replaced by the domain part of the  attribute  value.  When  the  result  is
                     unqualified it is skipped.

              %[SUD1-9]
                     The  upper-case  and  decimal  digit expansions interpolate the parts of the
                     input key rather than the  result.  Their  behavior  is  identical  to  that
                     described with query, and in fact because the input key is known in advance,
                     queries whose key does not contain all  the  information  specified  in  the
                     result template are suppressed and return no results.

              For  example,  using  "result_format  =  smtp:[%s]"  allows  one  to use a mailHost
              attribute as the basis of a transport(5) table. After applying the  result  format,
              multiple  values  are  concatenated as comma separated strings. The expansion_limit
              and parameter explained below allows one to restrict the number of  values  in  the
              result, which is especially useful for maps that must return at most one value.

              The default value %s specifies that each result value should be used as is.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2 and later.

              NOTE: DO NOT put quotes around the result format!

       domain (default: no domain list)
              This  is  a  list of domain names, paths to files, or dictionaries. When specified,
              only fully qualified search keys with a *non-empty* localpart and a matching domain
              are  eligible for lookup: 'user' lookups, bare domain lookups and "@domain" lookups
              are not performed. This can significantly  reduce  the  query  load  on  the  MySQL
              server.
                  domain = postfix.org, hash:/etc/postfix/searchdomains

              It is best not to use SQL to store the domains eligible for SQL lookups.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2 and later.

              NOTE: DO NOT define this parameter for local(8) aliases, because the input keys are
              always unqualified.

       expansion_limit (default: 0)
              A limit on the total number of result elements returned (as a comma separated list)
              by  a  lookup  against the map.  A setting of zero disables the limit. Lookups fail
              with a temporary error if the limit is exceeded.  Setting the limit  to  1  ensures
              that lookups do not return multiple values.

       option_file
              Read options from the given file instead of the default my.cnf location. This reads
              options from the [client] option group, optionally followed  by  options  from  the
              group given with option_group.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

       option_group (default: Postfix >=3.2: client, <= 3.1: empty)
              Read  options from the given group of the mysql options file, after reading options
              from the [client] group.

              Postfix 3.2 and later read [client] option group settings by  default.  To  disable
              this specify no option_file and specify "option_group =" (i.e. an empty value).

              Postfix  3.1  and  earlier  don't  read  [client]  option  group  settings unless a
              non-empty option_file or option_group value are specified. To enable this, specify,
              for example, "option_group = client".

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

       require_result_set (default: yes)
              If  "yes",  require  that  every  query  returns  a result set.  If "no", treat the
              absence of a result set as "not found".

              This parameter is available with Postfix 3.2 and later.

       tls_cert_file
              File containing client's X509 certificate.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

       tls_key_file
              File containing the private key corresponding to tls_cert_file.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

       tls_CAfile
              File containing certificates for all of  the  X509  Certification  Authorities  the
              client will recognize.  Takes precedence over tls_CApath.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

       tls_CApath
              Directory   containing   X509  Certification  Authority  certificates  in  separate
              individual files.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

       tls_verify_cert (default: no)
              Verify that the server's name matches the common name in the certificate.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.11 and later.

USING MYSQL STORED PROCEDURES

       Postfix 3.2 and later support calling  a  stored  procedure  instead  of  using  a  SELECT
       statement in the query, e.g.

           query = CALL lookup('%s')

       The  previously  described  '%'  expansions  can be used in the parameter(s) to the stored
       procedure.

       By default, every stored procedure call must return a result set,  i.e.  every  code  path
       must  execute a SELECT statement that returns a result set (instead of storing its results
       in a table). With "require_result_set = no", the absence of a result  set  is  treated  as
       "not found".

       A  stored  procedure must not return multiple result sets.  That is, there must be no code
       path that executes multiple SELECT statements that return a  result  (instead  of  storing
       their results in a table).

       The following is an example of a stored procedure returning a single result set:

       CREATE [DEFINER=`user`@`host`] PROCEDURE
       `lookup`(IN `param` VARCHAR(255))
           READS SQL DATA
           SQL SECURITY INVOKER
           BEGIN
               select goto from alias where address=param;
           END

OBSOLETE MAIN.CF PARAMETERS

       For  compatibility  with other Postfix lookup tables, MySQL parameters can also be defined
       in main.cf.  In order to do that, specify as MySQL source a name that doesn't begin with a
       slash or a dot.  The MySQL parameters will then be accessible as the name you've given the
       source in its definition, an underscore, and the name of the parameter.  For  example,  if
       the  map  is  specified  as  "mysql:mysqlname",  the parameter "hosts" would be defined in
       main.cf as "mysqlname_hosts".

       Note: with this form, the passwords for the MySQL sources are written in main.cf, which is
       normally  world-readable.   Support  for  this  form  will  be removed in a future Postfix
       version.

OBSOLETE QUERY INTERFACE

       This section describes an interface that is deprecated as of Postfix 2.2. It  is  replaced
       by  the  more  general query interface described above. If the query parameter is defined,
       the legacy parameters described here ignored.  Please migrate to the new interface as  the
       legacy interface may be removed in a future release.

       The following parameters can be used to fill in a SELECT template statement of the form:

           SELECT [select_field]
           FROM [table]
           WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
                 [additional_conditions]

       The specifier %s is replaced by the search string, and is escaped so if it contains single
       quotes or other odd characters, it will not cause a parse  error,  or  worse,  a  security
       problem.

       select_field
              The SQL "select" parameter. Example:
                  select_field = forw_addr

       table  The SQL "select .. from" table name. Example:
                  table = mxaliases

       where_field
              The SQL "select .. where" parameter. Example:
                  where_field = alias

       additional_conditions
              Additional conditions to the SQL query. Example:
                  additional_conditions = AND status = 'paid'

SEE ALSO

       postmap(1), Postfix lookup table maintenance
       postconf(5), configuration parameters
       ldap_table(5), LDAP lookup tables
       pgsql_table(5), PostgreSQL lookup tables
       sqlite_table(5), SQLite lookup tables

README FILES

       Use "postconf readme_directory" or "postconf html_directory" to locate this information.
       DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview
       MYSQL_README, Postfix MYSQL client guide

LICENSE

       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.

HISTORY

       MySQL support was introduced with Postfix version 1.0.

AUTHOR(S)

       Original implementation by:
       Scott Cotton, Joshua Marcus
       IC Group, Inc.

       Further enhancements by:
       Liviu Daia
       Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian Academy
       P.O. BOX 1-764
       RO-014700 Bucharest, ROMANIA

       Stored-procedure support by John Fawcett.

       Wietse Venema
       Google, Inc.
       111 8th Avenue
       New York, NY 10011, USA

                                                                                   MYSQL_TABLE(5)