Provided by: selinux-utils_2.9-2_amd64 bug

NAME

       selabel_db  -  userspace  SELinux labeling interface and configuration file format for the
       RDBMS objects context backend

SYNOPSIS

       #include <selinux/label.h>

       int selabel_lookup(struct selabel_handle *hnd,
                          char **context,
                          const char *object_name, int object_type);

       int selabel_lookup_raw(struct selabel_handle *hnd,
                          char **context,
                          const char *object_name, int object_type);

DESCRIPTION

       The DB contexts backend maps from a pair of object name and class into security  contexts.
       It  is used to find the appropriate context for database objects when relabeling a certain
       database. The returned context must be freed using freecon(3).
       selabel_lookup(3) describes the function with its return and error codes.

       The object_name should be a fully qualified name using the hierarchy of database  objects.
       For  example,  the pg_class table in the postgres database and pg_catalog schema should be
       qualified as:
              Bpostgres.pg_catalog.pg_class

       The NOTES section has further information on database support for namespace hierarchies.

       The object_type argument should be set to one of the following values:

              SELABEL_DB_DATABASE
                     The object_name argument specifies the name of a database  itself,  such  as
                     "postgres".

              SELABEL_DB_SCHEMA
                     The  object_name  argument  specifies  the  name of a schema object, such as
                     "postgres.public".

              SELABEL_DB_TABLE
                     The object_name argument specifies the name  of  a  table  object,  such  as
                     "postgres.public.my_table"

              SELABEL_DB_COLUMN
                     The  object_name  argument  specifies  the  name of a column object, such as
                     "postgres.public.my_table.user_id"

              SELABEL_DB_TUPLE
                     The object_name argument specifies the name of a table object which contains
                     the  tuples to be relabeled, such as "postgresql.public.my_table". Note that
                     we have no way to identify individual tuple objects, except for WHERE clause
                     on DML statements, because it has no name.

              SELABEL_DB_PROCEDURE
                     The  object_name  argument specifies the name of a procedure object, such as
                     "postgres.public.my_func". Note that we don't support lookup  of  individual
                     security  contexts  for  procedures  which  have the same name but different
                     arguments.

              SELABEL_DB_SEQUENCE
                     The object_name argument specifies the name of a sequence  object,  such  as
                     "postgres.public.my_seq".

              SELABEL_DB_BLOB
                     The  object_name  argument  specifies  the  name  of a large object, such as
                     "postgres.16308".  Note that a large object does not have a name, so  it  is
                     identified by its identifier value.

              SELABEL_DB_VIEW
                     The  object_name  argument  specifies  the  name  of  a view object, such as
                     "postgres.public.my_view".

              SELABEL_DB_LANGUAGE
                     The object_name argument specifies the name of a language  object,  such  as
                     "postgres.public.tcl".

              SELABEL_DB_EXCEPTION
                     The object_name argument specifies the name of a exception object.

              SELABEL_DB_DATATYPE
                     The object_name argument specifies the name of a type or domain object, such
                     as postgres.public.my_type.

       Any messages generated by selabel_lookup(3) are sent to stderr by default,  although  this
       can be changed by selinux_set_callback(3).

       selabel_lookup_raw(3)  behaves  identically  to  selabel_lookup(3)  but  does  not perform
       context translation.

       The FILES section details the configuration files used to determine  the  database  object
       context.

OPTIONS

       In  addition  to  the global options described in selabel_open(3), this backend recognizes
       the following options:

              SELABEL_OPT_PATH
                     A non-null value for this option specifies a path to a  file  that  will  be
                     opened  in  lieu  of  the  standard  DB contexts file.  It tries to open the
                     specfile designed for SE-PostgreSQL as default, so  if  another  RDBMS  uses
                     this  interface,  it  needs  to  give an explicit specfile designed for that
                     RDBMS (see the FILES section for details).

FILES

       The database context file used to retrieve  a  context  depends  on  the  SELABEL_OPT_PATH
       parameter passed to selabel_open(3). If NULL, then the SELABEL_OPT_PATH value will default
       to    the    active    policy    database    contexts    location    (as    returned    by
       selinux_sepgsql_context_path(3)), otherwise the actual SELABEL_OPT_PATH value specified is
       used (this option must be used to support databases other than SE-PostgreSQL).

       The default database object contexts file is:
              /etc/selinux/{SELINUXTYPE}/contexts/sepgsql_context

       Where {SELINUXTYPE}  is  the  entry  from  the  selinux  configuration  file  config  (see
       selinux_config(5)).

       The  entries  within the database contexts file are shown in the Object Name String Values
       and FILE FORMAT sections.

Object Name String Values

       The string name assigned to each object_type argument that can be present in the  database
       contexts file are:

                                 ┌─────────────────────┬──────────────┐
                                 │object_typeText Name    │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_DATABASE  │ db_database  │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_SCHEMA    │ db_schema    │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_VIEW      │ db_view      │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_LANGUAGE  │ db_language  │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_TABLE     │ db_table     │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_COLUMN    │ db_column    │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_TUPLE     │ db_tuple     │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_PROCEDURE │ db_procedure │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_SEQUENCE  │ db_sequence  │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_BLOB      │ db_blob      │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_EXCEPTION │ db_exception │
                                 ├─────────────────────┼──────────────┤
                                 │SELABEL_DB_DATATYPE  │ db_datatype  │
                                 └─────────────────────┴──────────────┘

FILE FORMAT

       Each line within the database contexts file is as follows:
              object_type object_name context

       Where:
              object_type
                     This  is  the  string  representation of the object type shown in the Object
                     Name String Values section.
              object_name
                     The key used to obtain the context based on the object_type.

                     The entry can contain '*' for wildcard matching or '?' for substitution.

                     Note that if the '*' is used, then be aware that the order of entries in the
                     file  is  important. The '*' on its own is used to ensure a default fallback
                     context is assigned and should be the last entry in the object_type block.
              context
                     The security context that will be applied to the object.

       The following example is for SE-PostgreSQL:

       # ./contexts/sepgsql_contexts file
       # object_type  object_name   context
       db_database    my_database   system_u:object_r:sepgsql_db_t:s0
       db_database    *             system_u:object_r:sepgsql_db_t:s0
       db_schema      *.*           system_u:object_r:sepgsql_schema_t:s0
       db_tuple       row_low       system_u:object_r:sepgsql_table_t:s0
       db_tuple       row_high      system_u:object_r:sepgsql_table_t:s0:c1023
       db_tuple       *.*.*         system_u:object_r:sepgsql_table_t:s0

NOTES

       1.  A suitable database contexts file needs to be written for the  target  RDBMS  and  the
           SELABEL_OPT_PATH option must be used in selabel_open(3) to load it.

       2.  The  hierarchy of the namespace for database objects depends on the RDBMS, however the
           selabel* interfaces do not have any specific support for a namespace hierarchy.

           SE-PostgreSQL has a namespace hierarchy where a database is the top level object  with
           the  schema  being the next level. Under the schema object there can be other types of
           objects such as tables and procedures. This hierarchy is supported as follows:

                  If a security context is required for "my_table" table in the  "public"  schema
                  within  the  "postgres"  database,  then  the  selabel_lookup(3) parameters for
                  object_type  would  be  SELABEL_DB_TABLE   and   the   object_name   would   be
                  "postgres.public.my_table",  the  security  context  (if  available),  would be
                  returned in context.

       3.  If contexts are to be validated, then the global option SELABEL_OPT_VALIDATE  must  be
           set  before  calling  selabel_open(3).  If this is not set, then it is possible for an
           invalid context to be returned.

SEE ALSO

       selinux(8), selabel_open(3), selabel_lookup(3), selabel_stats(3), selabel_close(3),
       selinux_set_callback(3), selinux_sepgsql_context_path(3), freecon(3), selinux_config(5)