Provided by: shorewall_5.2.3.2-1_all bug

NAME

       shorewall.conf - Shorewall global configuration file

SYNOPSIS

       /etc/shorewall/shorewall.conf

       /etc/shorewall6/shorewall6.conf

DESCRIPTION

       The IPv4 and IPv6 environments each have their own configuration. The IPv4 configuration
       resides in /etc/shorewall/ while the IPv6 configuration resides in /etc/shorewall6/.

       The .conf files set options that apply to Shorewall and Shorewall6 as a whole.

       The .conf files consist of Shell comments (lines beginning with '#'), blank lines and
       assignment statements (variable=value). If the value contains shell meta characters or
       white-space, then it must be enclosed in quotes. Example:
       MACLIST_LOG_LEVEL="NFLOG(1,0,1)".

OPTIONS

       Many options have as their value a log-level. Log levels are a method of describing to
       syslog (8) the importance of a message and a number of parameters in this file have log
       levels as their value.

       These levels are defined by syslog and are used to determine the destination of the
       messages through entries in /etc/syslog.conf (5). The syslog documentation refers to these
       as "priorities"; Netfilter calls them "levels" and Shorewall also uses that term.

       Valid levels are:

                  7       debug
                  6       info
                  5       notice
                  4       warning
                  3       err
                  2       crit
                  1       alert
                  0       emerg

       For most Shorewall logging, a level of 6 (info) is appropriate. Shorewall log messages are
       generated by NetFilter and are logged using facility 'kern' and the level that you
       specify. If you are unsure of the level to choose, 6 (info) is a safe bet. You may specify
       levels by name or by number.

       If you have built your kernel with ULOG (IPv4 only) and/or NFLOG target support, you may
       also specify a log level of ULOG and/or NFLOG (must be all caps). Rather than log its
       messages to syslogd, Shorewall will direct netfilter to log the messages via the ULOG or
       NFLOG target which will send them to a process called 'ulogd'. ulogd is available with
       most Linux distributions (although it probably isn't installed by default).

           Note
           If you want to specify parameters to ULOG or NFLOG (e.g., NFLOG(1,0,1)), then you must
           quote the setting.

           Example:

               LOG_LEVEL="NFLOG(1,0,1)"

       Beginning with Shorewall 5.0.0, the log level may be followed by a colon (":") and a log
       tag. The log tag normally follows the packet disposition in Shorewall-generated Netfilter
       log messages, separated from the disposition by a colon (e.g, "DROP:mytag"). See
       LOGTAGONLY below for additional information.

       Beginning with Shorewall 4.4.22, LOGMARK is also a valid level which logs the packet's
       mark value along with the other usual information. The syntax is:
           LOGMARK[(priority)]

       where priority is one of the levels listed in the list above. If omitted, the default is
       info (6).

       The following options may be set in shorewall.conf.

       ACCEPT_DEFAULT={action[(parameters)][:level][,...]|none}

       BLACKLIST_DEFAULT={action[(parameters)][:level][,...]|none}

       DROP_DEFAULT={action[(parameters)][:level][,...]|none}

       NFQUEUE_DEFAULT={action[(parameters)][:level][,...]|none}

       QUEUE_DEFAULT={action[(parameters)][:level][,...]|none}

       REJECT_DEFAULT={action[(parameters)][:level][,...]|none}
           In earlier Shorewall versions, a "default action" for DROP and REJECT policies was
           specified in the file /usr/share/shorewall/actions.std.

           In Shorewall 4.4.0, the DROP_DEFAULT, REJECT_DEFAULT, ACCEPT_DEFAULT, QUEUE_DEFAULT
           and NFQUEUE_DEFAULT options were added.

           DROP_DEFAULT describes the rules to be applied before a connection request is dropped
           by a DROP policy; REJECT_DEFAULT describes the rules to be applied if a connection
           request is rejected by a REJECT policy. The other three are similar for ACCEPT, QUEUE
           and NFQUEUE policies.

           The value applied to these may be:
               a) The name of an action. The
                           name may optionally be followed by a comma-separated list of
                           parameters enclosed in parentheses if the specified action accepts
                           parameters (e.g., 'Drop(audit)').
               c) None or none
           Prior to Shorewall 5.1.2, the default values are:
               DROP_DEFAULT="Drop"
               REJECT_DEFAULT="Reject"
               BLACKLIST_DEFAULT="Drop" (added in Shorewall
                           5.1.1)
               ACCEPT_DEFAULT="none"
               QUEUE_DEFAULT="none"
               NFQUEUE_DEFAULT="none"
           Beginning with Shorewall 5.1.2, the default value is 'none' for all of these. Note
           that the sample configuration files do, however, provide settings for DROP_DEFAULT,
           BLACKLIST_DEFAULT and REJECT_DEFAULT.

           If you set the value of either option to "None" then no default action will be used
           and the default action or macro must be specified in shorewall-policy[1](5).

           You can pass parameters to the specified action (e.g., myaction(audit,DROP)).

           Beginning with Shorewall 4.5.10, the action name can be followed optionally by a colon
           and a log level. The level will be applied to each rule in the action or body that
           does not already have a log level.

           Beginning with Shorewall 5.1.2, multiple action[(parameters)][:level] specifications
           may be listed, separated by commas.

       ACCOUNTING=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.7. If set to Yes, Shorewall accounting is enabled (see
           shorewall-accounting[2](5)). If not specified or set to the empty value,
           ACCOUNTING=Yes is assumed.

       ACCOUNTING_TABLE=[filter|mangle]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.20. This setting determines which Netfilter table the
           accounting rules are added in. By default, ACCOUNTING_TABLE=filter is assumed. See
           also shorewall-accounting[2](5).

       ADD_IP_ALIASES=[Yes|No]
           This parameter determines whether Shorewall automatically adds the external
           address(es) in shorewall-nat[3](5), and is only available in IPv4 configurations. If
           the variable is set to Yes or yes then Shorewall automatically adds these aliases. If
           it is set to No or no, you must add these aliases yourself using your distribution's
           network configuration tools.

           If this variable is not set or is given an empty value (ADD_IP_ALIASES="") then
           ADD_IP_ALIASES=Yes is assumed.

               Warning
               Addresses added by ADD_IP_ALIASES=Yes are deleted and re-added during shorewall
               reload and shorewall restart. As a consequence, connections using those addresses
               may be severed.

       ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=[Yes|No]
           This parameter determines whether Shorewall automatically adds the SNAT ADDRESS in
           shorewall-masq[4](5), and is only available in IPv4 configurations. If the variable is
           set to Yes or yes then Shorewall automatically adds these addresses. If it is set to
           No or no, you must add these addresses yourself using your distribution's network
           configuration tools.

           If this variable is not set or is given an empty value (ADD_SNAT_ALIASES="") then
           ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=No is assumed.

               Warning
               Addresses added by ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=Yes are deleted and re-added during shorewall
               reload and shorewall restart. As a consequence, connections using those addresses
               may be severed.

       ADMINISABSENTMINDED=[Yes|No]
           The value of this variable affects Shorewall's stopped state. The behavior differs
           depending on whether shorewall-routestopped[5](5) or shorewall-stoppedrules[6](5) is
           used:

           routestopped
               When ADMINISABSENTMINDED=No, only traffic to/from those addresses listed in
               routestopped is accepted when Shorewall is stopped. When ADMINISABSENTMINDED=Yes,
               in addition to traffic to/from addresses in routestopped, connections that were
               active when Shorewall stopped continue to work and all new connections from the
               firewall system itself are allowed.

               Note that the routestopped file is not supported in Shorewall 5.0 and later
               versions.

           stoppedrules
               All existing connections continue to work. To sever all existing connections when
               the firewall is stopped, install the conntrack utility and place the command
               conntrack -F in the stopped user exit (/etc/shorewall/stopped).

               If ADMINISABSENTMINDED=No, only new connections matching entries in stoppedrules
               are accepted when Shorewall is stopped. Response packets and related connections
               are automatically accepted.

               If ADMINISABSENTMINDED=Yes, in addition to connections matching entries in
               stoppedrules, all new connections from the firewall system itself are allowed when
               the firewall is stopped. Response packets and related connections are
               automatically accepted.

           If this variable is not set or is given the empty value then ADMINISABSENTMINDED=No is
           assumed.

       ARPTABLES=[pathname]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.12 and available in IPv4 only. This parameter names the
           arptables executable to be used by Shorewall. If not specified or if specified as a
           null value, then the arptables executable located using the PATH option is used.

           Regardless of how the arptables utility is located (specified via arptables= or
           located via PATH), Shorewall uses the arptables-restore and arptables-save utilities
           from that same directory.

       AUTOCOMMENT=[Yes|No]
           Formerly named AUTO_COMMENT. If set, if there is not a current comment when a macro is
           invoked, the behavior is as if the first line of the macro file was "COMMENT <macro
           name>". If not specified, the AUTO_COMMENT option has a default value of 'Yes'.

       AUTOHELPERS=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.7. When set to Yes (the default), the generated ruleset will
           automatically associate helpers with applications that require them (FTP, IRC, etc.).
           When configuring your firewall on systems running kernel 3.5 or later, it is
           recommended that you:

            1. Set AUTOHELPERS=No.

            2. Modify the HELPERS setting (see below) to list the helpers that you need.

            3. Either:

                1. Modify shorewall-conntrack[7] (5) to only apply helpers where they are
                   required; or

                2. Specify the appropriate helper in the HELPER column in shorewall-rules[8] (5).

                       Note
                       The macros for those applications requiring a helper automatically specify
                       the appropriate HELPER where required.

       AUTOMAKE=[Yes|No|recursive|depth]
           If set, the behavior of the start, reload and restart commands are changed; if no
           files in CONFIG_PATH (see below) have been changed since the last successful start,
           reload or restart command, then the compilation step is skipped and the compiled
           script that executed the last start, reload or restart command is used. If not
           specified, the default is AUTOMAKE=No.

           The setting of the AUTOMAKE option is ignored if the start, reload or restart command
           includes a directory name (e.g., shorewall restart /etc/shorewall.new).

           When AUTOMAKE=Yes, each directory in the CONFIG_PATH was originally searched
           recursively for files newer than the compiled script. That was changed in Shorewall
           5.1.10.2 such that only the listed directories themselves were searched. That broke
           some configurations that played tricks with embedded SHELL such as "SHELL cat
           /etc/shorewall/rules.d/loc/*.rules".  Prior to 5.1.10.2, a change to a file in or
           adding a file to /etc/shorewall/rules.d/loc/ would trigger recompilation. Beginning
           with 5.1.10.2, such changes would not trigger recompilation. Beginning with Shorewall
           5.2.0, the pre-5.1.10.2 behavior can be obtained by setting AUTOMAKE=recursive.

           Also beginning with Shorewall 5.2.0, AUTOMAKE may be set to a numeric depth which
           specifies how deeply each listed directory is to be searched. AUTOMAKE=1 only searches
           each directory itself and is equivalent to AUTOMAKE=Yes. AUTOMAKE=2 will search each
           directory and its immediate sub-directories; AUTOMAKE=3 will search each directory,
           each of its immediate sub-directories, and each of their immediate sub-directories,
           etc.

       BALANCE_PROVIDERS=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.1.1. When USE_DEFAULT_RT=Yes, this option determines whether the
           balance provider option (see shorewall-providers(5)[9]) is the default. When
           BALANCE_PROVIDERS=Yes, then the balance option is assumed unless the fallback, loose,
           load or tproxy option is specified. If this option is not set or is set to the empty
           value, then the default value is the value of USE_DEFAULT_RT.

       BASIC_FILTERS=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall-4.6.0. When set to Yes, causes entries in
           shorewall-tcfilters(5)[10] to generate a basic filter rather than a u32 filter. This
           setting requires the Basic Ematch capability in your kernel and iptables.

               Note
               One of the advantages of basic filters is that ipset matches are supported in
               newer iproute2 and kernel versions. Because Shorewall cannot reliably detect this
               capability, use of basic filters is controlled by this option.
           The default value is No which causes u32 filters to be generated.

       BLACKLIST=[{ALL|state[,...]}]
           where state is one of NEW, ESTABLISHED, RELATED, INVALID,or UNTRACKED.

           Added in Shorewall 4.5.13 to replace the BLACKLISTNEWONLY option. Specifies the
           connection tracking states that are to be subject to blacklist screening. If BLACKLIST
           is not specified then the states subject to blacklisting are
           NEW,ESTABLISHED,INVALID,UNTRACKED.

           ALL sends all packets through the blacklist chains.

           Note: The ESTABLISHED state may not be specified if FASTACCEPT=Yes is specified.

       BLACKLIST_DISPOSITION=[DROP|A_DROP|REJECT|A_REJECT]
           This parameter determines the disposition of packets from blacklisted hosts. It may
           have the value DROP if the packets are to be dropped or REJECT if the packets are to
           be replied with an ICMP port unreachable reply or a TCP RST (tcp only). If you do not
           assign a value or if you assign an empty value then DROP is assumed.

           A_DROP and A_REJECT are audited versions of DROP and REJECT respectively and were
           added in Shorewall 4.4.20. They require AUDIT_TARGET in the kernel and iptables.

           The BLACKLIST_DISPOSITION setting determines the disposition of packets sent to the
           blacklog target of shorewall-blrules[11](5), but otherwise does not affect entries in
           that file.

       BLACKLIST_LOG_LEVEL=[log-level[:log-tag]]
           Formerly named BLACKLIST_LOGLEVEL. This parameter determines if packets from
           blacklisted hosts are logged and it determines the syslog level that they are to be
           logged at. Its value is a syslog level (Example: BLACKLIST_LOG_LEVEL=debug). If you do
           not assign a value or if you assign an empty value then packets from blacklisted hosts
           are not logged. The setting determines the log level of packets sent to the blacklog
           target of shorewall-blrules[11](5).

       CLAMPMSS=[Yes|No|value]
           This parameter enables the TCP Clamp MSS to PMTU feature of Netfilter and is usually
           required when your internet connection is through PPPoE or PPTP. If set to Yes or yes,
           the feature is enabled. If left blank or set to No or no, the feature is not enabled.

           Important: This option requires CONFIG_IP_NF_TARGET_TCPMSS in your kernel.

           You may also set CLAMPMSS to a numeric value (e.g., CLAMPMSS=1400). This will set the
           MSS field in TCP SYN packets going through the firewall to the value that you specify.

       CLEAR_TC=[Yes|No]
           If this option is set to No then Shorewall won't clear the current traffic control
           rules during [re]start or reload. This setting is intended for use by people who
           prefer to configure traffic shaping when the network interfaces come up rather than
           when the firewall is started. If that is what you want to do, set TC_ENABLED=Yes and
           CLEAR_TC=No and do not supply an /etc/shorewall/tcstart file. That way, your traffic
           shaping rules can still use the “fwmark” classifier based on packet marking defined in
           shorewall-tcrules[12](5). If not specified, CLEAR_TC=Yes is assumed.

               Warning
               When you specify TC_ENABLED=shared (see below), then you should also specify
               CLEAR_TC=No.

       COMPLETE=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.12. When you set this option to Yes, you are asserting that the
           configuration is complete so that your set of zones encompasses any hosts that can
           send or receive traffic to/from/through the firewall. This causes Shorewall to omit
           the rules that catch packets in which the source or destination IP address is outside
           of any of your zones. Default is No. It is recommended that this option only be set to
           Yes if:

           ·   You have defined an interface whose effective physical setting is '+'.

           ·   That interface is assigned to a zone.

           ·   You have no CONTINUE policies or rules.

       CONFIG_PATH=[[:]directory[:directory]...]
           Specifies where configuration files other than shorewall[6].conf may be found.
           CONFIG_PATH is specifies as a list of directory names separated by colons (":"). When
           looking for a configuration file:

           ·   If the command is "try" or a "<configuration directory>" was specified in the
               command (e.g., shorewall [-6] check ./gateway) then the directory given in the
               command is searched first.

           ·   Next, each directory in the CONFIG_PATH setting is searched in sequence.

           If CONFIG_PATH is not given or if it is set to the empty value then the contents of
           /usr/share/shorewall/configpath are used. As released from shorewall.net, that file
           sets the CONFIG_PATH to /etc/shorewall:/usr/share/shorewall but your particular
           distribution may set it differently. See the output of shorewall show config for the
           default on your system.

           Beginning with Shorewall 5.1.10, the CONFIG_PATH setting may begin with a colon (":"),
           to signal that the first directory listed will be skipped if the user performing a
           compilation is not root or if the configuration is being compiled for export (-e
           option specified or if running one of the remote-* commands) . This prevents the
           compiler from looking in /etc/shorewall[6]/ when compilation is being done by a
           non-root user or if the generated script is to be sent to a remote firewall system.

       DEFER_DNS_RESOLUTION=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.12. When set to 'Yes' (the default), DNS names are validated in
           the compiler and then passed on to the generated script where they are resolved by
           ip[6]tables-restore. This is an advantage if you use AUTOMAKE=Yes and the IP address
           associated with the DNS name is subject to change. When DEFER_DNS_RESOLUTION=No, DNS
           names are converted into IP addresses by the compiler. This has the advantage that
           when AUTOMAKE=Yes, the start, reload and restart commands will succeed even if no DNS
           server is reachable (assuming that the configuration hasn't changed since the compiled
           script was last generated).

               Important
               When DEFER_DNS_RESOLUTION=No and AUTOMAKE=Yes and a DNS change makes it necessary
               to recompile an existing firewall script, the -c option must be used with the
               reload or restart command to force recompilation.

       DELETE_THEN_ADD={Yes|No}
           If set to Yes (the default value), entries in the /etc/shorewall[6]/rtrules files
           cause an 'ip rule del' command to be generated in addition to an 'ip rule add'
           command. Setting this option to No, causes the 'ip rule del' command to be omitted.

       DETECT_DNAT_IPADDRS=[Yes|No]
           IPv4 only.

           If set to Yes or yes, Shorewall will detect the first IP address of the interface to
           the source zone and will include this address in DNAT rules as the original
           destination IP address. If set to No or no, Shorewall will not detect this address and
           any destination IP address will match the DNAT rule. If not specified or empty,
           “DETECT_DNAT_IPADDRS=Yes” is assumed.

       DISABLE_IPV6=[Yes|No]
           IPv4 only.

           If set to Yes or yes, IPv6 traffic to, from and through the firewall system is
           disabled. If set to No or no, Shorewall will take no action with respect to allowing
           or disallowing IPv6 traffic. If not specified or empty, “DISABLE_IPV6=No” is assumed.

           It is important to note that changing DISABLE_IPV6=Yes to DISABLE_IPV6=No does not
           enable IPV6. The recommended approach for enabling IPv6 on your system is:

           ·   Install, configure and start Shorewall6[13].

           ·   Change DISABLE_IPV6=Yes to DISABLE_IPV6=No in /etc/shorewall/shorewall.conf.

           ·   Reload Shorewall

       DOCKER=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.0.6. When set to Yes, the generated script will save
           Docker-generated rules before and restore them after executing the start, stop, reload
           and restart commands. If set to No (the default), the generated script will delete any
           Docker-generated rules when executing those commands.
           Seehttp://www.shorewall.net/Docker.html[14] for additional information.

       DONT_LOAD=[module[,module]...]
           Causes Shorewall to not load the listed kernel modules.

       DYNAMIC_BLACKLIST={Yes|No||ipset[-only][,option[,...]][:[setname][:log_level|:log_tag]]]}
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.7. When set to No or no, chain-based dynamic blacklisting using
           shorewall [-6] [-l] drop, shorewall [-6] [-l] reject, shorewall logdrop and shorewall
           [-6] [-l] logreject is disabled. Default is Yes. Beginning with Shorewall 5.0.8,
           ipset-based dynamic blacklisting using the shorewall blacklist command is also
           supported. The name of the set (setname) and the level (log_level), if any, at which
           blacklisted traffic is to be logged may also be specified. The default IPv4 set name
           is SW_DBL4 and the default IPv6 set name is SW_DBL6. The default log level is none (no
           logging). If ipset-only is given, then chain-based dynamic blacklisting is disabled
           just as if DYNAMIC_BLACKLISTING=No had been specified.

           Possible options are:

           src-dst
               Normally, only packets whose source address matches an entry in the ipset are
               dropped. If src-dst is included, then packets whose destination address matches an
               entry in the ipset are also dropped.

           disconnect
               The disconnect option was added in Shorewall 5.0.13 and requires that the
               conntrack utility be installed on the firewall system. When an address is
               blacklisted using the blacklist command, all connections originating from that
               address are disconnected. if the src-dst option was also specified, then all
               connections to that address are also disconnected.

           timeout=seconds
               Added in Shorewall 5.0.13. Normally, Shorewall creates the dynamic blacklisting
               ipset with timeout 0 which means that entries are permanent. If you want entries
               in the set that are not accessed for a period of time to be deleted from the set,
               you may specify that period using this option. Note that the blacklist command can
               override the ipset's timeout setting.

                   Important
                   Once the dynamic blacklisting ipset has been created, changing this option
                   setting requires a complete restart of the firewall; shorewall [-6] restart if
                   RESTART=restart, otherwise shorewall [-6] [-l] stop && shorewall [-6] [-l]
                   start

           When ipset-based dynamic blacklisting is enabled, the contents of the blacklist will
           be preserved over stop/reboot/start sequences if SAVE_IPSETS=Yes, SAVE_IPSETS=ipv4 or
           if setname is included in the list of sets to be saved in SAVE_IPSETS.

       EXPAND_POLICIES={Yes|No}
           Normally, when the SOURCE or DEST columns in shorewall-policy(5) contains 'all', a
           single policy chain is created and thes policy is enforced in that chain. For example,
           if the policy entry is

               #SOURCE DEST POLICY LOG
               #                   LEVEL
               net     all  DROP   info

           then the chain name is 'net-all' ('net2all if ZONE2ZONE=2) which is also the chain
           named in Shorewall log messages generated as a result of the policy. If
           EXPAND_POLICIES=Yes, then Shorewall will create a separate chain for each pair of
           zones covered by the policy. This makes the resulting log messages easier to interpret
           since the chain in the messages will have a name of the form 'a2b' where 'a' is the
           SOURCE zone and 'b' is the DEST zone.

       EXPORTMODULES=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.17. When set to Yes when compiling for use by Shorewall Lite
           (shorewall [-6] remote-start, shorewall [-6] remote-reload, shorewall [-6]
           remote-restart or shorewall [-6] export commands), the compiler will copy the modules
           or helpers file from the administrative system into the script. When set to No or not
           specified, the compiler will not copy the modules or helpers file from
           /usr/share/shorewall[6] but will copy those found in another location on the
           CONFIG_PATH.

           When compiling for direct use by Shorewall, causes the contents of the local module or
           helpers file to be copied into the compiled script. When set to No or not set, the
           compiled script reads the file itself.

       FASTACCEPT={Yes|No}
           Normally, Shorewall defers accepting ESTABLISHED/RELATED packets until these packets
           reach the chain in which the original connection was accepted. So for packets going
           from the 'loc' zone to the 'net' zone, ESTABLISHED/RELATED packets are ACCEPTED in the
           'loc-net' or 'loc2net' chain, depending on the setting of ZONE2ZONE (see below).

           If you set FASTACCEPT=Yes, then ESTABLISHED/RELATED packets are accepted early in the
           INPUT, FORWARD and OUTPUT chains. If you set FASTACCEPT=Yes then you may not include
           rules in the ESTABLISHED or RELATED sections of shorewall-rules[8](5).

       FIREWALL=[dnsname-or-ip-address]
           This option was added in Shorewall 5.0.13 and may be used on an administrative system
           in directories containing the configurations of remote firewalls. The contents of the
           variable are the default value for the system parameter to the remote-start,
           remote-reload and remote-restart commands.

       FORWARD_CLEAR_MARK={Yes|No}
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.11. Traditionally, Shorewall has cleared the packet mark in the
           first rule in the mangle FORWARD chain. This behavior is maintained with the default
           setting of this option (FORWARD_CLEAR_MARK=Yes). If FORWARD_CLEAR_MARK is set to 'No',
           packet marks set in the mangle PREROUTING chain are retained in the FORWARD chains.

       GEOIPDIR=[pathname]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.4. Specifies the pathname of the directory containing the GeoIP
           Match database. See http://www.shorewall.net/ISO-3661.html[15]. If not specified, the
           default value is /usr/share/xt_geoip/LE which is the default location of the
           little-endian database.

       HELPERS=[helper[,helper...]]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.7. This option specifies a comma-separated list naming the
           Netfilter application helpers that are to be enabled. If not specified, the default is
           to enable all helpers.

           Possible values for helper are:

           ·   amanda

           ·   ftp

           ·   h323

           ·   irc

           ·   netbios-ns

           ·   none - This special value was added in Shorewall 4.5.16 and indicates that no
               helpers are to be enabled. It also prevents the compiler for probing for helper
               support; such probing generates messages on the system log of the form "xt_CT: No
               such helper XXX" where XXX is the helper name. When used, none must be the only
               helper specified.

           ·   pptp

           ·   sane

           ·   sip

           ·   snmp

           ·   tftp

           When HELPERS is specified on a system running Kernel 3.5.0 or later, automatic
           association of helpers to connections is disabled.

       IGNOREUNKNOWNVARIABLES=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.11. Normally, if an unknown shell variable is encountered in a
           configuration file (except in ?IF and ?ELSIF directives), the compiler raises a fatal
           error. If IGNOREUNKNOWNVARIABLES is set to Yes, then such variables simply expand to
           an empty string. Default is No.

       IMPLICIT_CONTINUE={Yes|No}
           When this option is set to Yes, it causes subzones to be treated differently with
           respect to policies.

           Subzones are defined by following their name with ":" and a list of parent zones (in
           shorewall-zones[16](5)). Normally, you want to have a set of special rules for the
           subzone and if a connection doesn't match any of those subzone-specific rules then you
           want the parent zone rules and policies to be applied; see shorewall-nesting[17](5).
           With IMPLICIT_CONTINUE=Yes, that happens automatically.

           If IMPLICIT_CONTINUE=No or if IMPLICIT_CONTINUE is not set, then subzones are not
           subject to this special treatment. With IMPLICIT_CONTINUE=Yes, an implicit CONTINUE
           policy may be overridden by including an explicit policy (one that does not specify
           "all" in either the SOURCE or the DEST columns).

       INVALID_DISPOSITION=[A_DROP|A_REJECT|DROP|REJECT|CONTINUE]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.13. Shorewall has traditionally passed INVALID packets through
           the NEW section of shorewall-rules[8] (5). When a packet in INVALID state fails to
           match any rule in the INVALID section, the packet is disposed of based on this
           setting. The default value is CONTINUE for compatibility with earlier versions.

       INVALID_LOG_LEVEL=log-level[:log-tag]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.13. Packets in the INVALID state that do not match any rule in
           the INVALID section of shorewall-rules[8] (5) are logged at this level. The default
           value is empty which means no logging is performed.

       IP=[pathname]
           If specified, gives the pathname of the 'ip' executable. If not specified, 'ip' is
           assumed and the utility will be located using the current PATH setting.

       IP_FORWARDING=[On|Off|Keep]
           This IPv4 parameter determines whether Shorewall enables or disables IPv4 Packet
           Forwarding (/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward). In an IPv6 configuration, this parameter
           determines the setting of /proc/sys/net/ipv6/config/all/ip_forwarding.

           Possible values are:

           On or on
               packet forwarding will be enabled.

           Off or off
               packet forwarding will be disabled.

           Keep or keep
               Shorewall will neither enable nor disable packet forwarding.

           If this variable is not set or is given an empty value (IP_FORWARD="") then
           IP_FORWARD=On is assumed.

       IPSET=[pathname]
           If specified, gives the pathname of the 'ipset' executable. If not specified, 'ipset'
           is assumed and the utility will be located using the current PATH setting.

       IPSET_WARNINGS={Yes|No}
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.2. Default is Yes. When set, causes the rules compiler to issue
           a warning when:

           ·   The compiler is being run by root and an ipset specified in the configuration does
               not exists. Only one warning is issued for each missing ipset.

           ·   When [src] is specified in a destination column and when [dst] is specified in a
               source column.

       IPTABLES=[pathname]
           IPv4 only.

           This parameter names the iptables executable to be used by Shorewall. If not specified
           or if specified as a null value, then the iptables executable located using the PATH
           option is used.

           Regardless of how the iptables utility is located (specified via IPTABLES= or located
           via PATH), Shorewall uses the iptables-restore and iptables-save utilities from that
           same directory.

       IP6TABLES=[pathname]
           IPv6 only.

           This parameter names the ip6tables executable to be used by Shorewall6. If not
           specified or if specified as a null value, then the ip6tables executable located using
           the PATH option is used.

           Regardless of how the ip6tables utility is located (specified via IP6TABLES= or
           located via PATH), Shorewall6 uses the ip6tables-restore and ip6tables-save utilities
           from that same directory.

       KEEP_RT_TABLES={Yes|No}
           IPv4: When set to Yes, this option prevents generated scripts from altering the
           /etc/iproute2/rt_tables database when there are entries in /etc/shorewall/providers.
           If you set this option to Yes while Shorewall (Shorewall-lite) is running, you should
           remove the file /var/lib/shorewall/rt_tables (/var/lib/shorewall-lite/rt_tables)
           before your next stop, restore, reload or restart command.  IPv6: When set to Yes,
           this option prevents scripts generated by Shorewall6 from altering the
           /etc/iproute2/rt_tables database when there are entries in /etc/shorewall6/providers.
           If you set this option to Yes while Shorewall6 (Shorewall6-lite) is running, you
           should remove the file /var/lib/shorewall6/rt_tables
           (/var/lib/shorewall6-lite/rt_tables) before your next stop, restore, reload or restart
           command.

               Important
               When both IPv4 and IPv6 Shorewall configurations are present, KEEP_RT_TABLES=No
               should be specified in only one of the two configurations unless the two provider
               configurations are identical with respect to interface and provider names and
               numbers.
           The default is KEEP_RT_TABLES=No.

       LOAD_HELPERS_ONLY={Yes|No}
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.7. When set to Yes, restricts the set of modules loaded by
           shorewall to those listed in /var/lib/shorewall[6]/helpers and those that are actually
           used. When not set, or set to the empty value, LOAD_HELPERS_ONLY=No is assumed in
           Shorewall versions 5.2.2 and earlier. Beginning with Shorewall 5.2.3, the
           LOAD_HELPERS_ONLY option is removed, and the behavior is as if LOAD_HELPERS_ONLY=Yes
           had been specified.

       LOCKFILE=[pathname]
           Specifies the name of the Shorewall[6] lock file, used to prevent simultaneous
           state-changing commands. If not specified, ${VARDIR}/shorewall[6]/lock is assumed
           (${VARDIR} is normally /var/lib but can be changed when Shorewall-core is installed --
           see the output of shorewall show vardir).

       LOG_BACKEND=[backend]
           Added in Shorewall 4.6.4. LOG_BACKEND determines the logging backend to be used for
           the iptrace command (see shorewall(8)[18]).

           backend is one of:

           LOG
               Use standard kernel logging.

           ULOG
               IPv4 only.

               Use ULOG logging to ulogd.

           netlink
               Use netlink logging to ulogd version 2 or later.

       LOG_ZONE=[src|dst|both]
           Added in Shorewall 5.2.0. When a log message is issued from a chain that relates to a
           pair of zones (e.g, 'fw-net'), the chain name normally appears in the log message
           (unless LOGTAGONLY=Yes and a log tag is specified). This can prevent OPTIMIZE category
           8 from combining chains which are identical except for the names of the zones
           involved. LOG_ZONE allows for only the source or destination zone to appear in the
           messages by setting LOG_ZONE to src or dest respectively. If LOG_ZONE=both (the
           default), then the full chain name is included in log messages.

       LOG_LEVEL=log-level[:log-tag]
           Added in Shorewall 5.1.2. Beginning with that release, the sample configurations use
           this as the default log level and changing it will change all packet logging done by
           the configuration. In any configuration file (except shorewall-params(5)[19]),
           $LOG_LEVEL will expand to this value.

       LOG_MARTIANS=[Yes|No|Keep]
           IPv4 only.

           If set to Yes or yes, sets /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/*/log_martians to 1 with the
           exception of /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/log_martians which is set to 0. The default
           value is Yes which sets both of the above to one. If you do not enable martian logging
           for all interfaces, you may still enable it for individual interfaces using the
           logmartians interface option in shorewall-interfaces[20](5).

           The value Keep causes Shorewall to ignore the option. If the option is set to Yes,
           then martians are logged on all interfaces. If the option is set to No, then martian
           logging is disabled on all interfaces except those specified in
           shorewall-interfaces[20](5).

       LOG_VERBOSITY=[number]
           This option controls the amount of information logged to the file specified in the
           STARTUP_LOG option.

           Values are:
               -1 - Logging is disabled
               0 - Silent. Only error messages are logged.
               1 - Major progress messages logged.
               2 - All progress messages logged
           If not specified, then -1 is assumed.

       LOGALLNEW=[log-level]
           This option is intended for use as a debugging aid. When set to a log level, this
           option causes Shorewall to generate a logging rule as the first rule in each builtin
           chain.

           ·   The table name is used as the chain name in the log prefix.

           ·   The chain name is used as the target in the log prefix.

           For example, using the default LOGFORMAT, the log prefix for logging from the nat
           table's PREROUTING chain is as follows in versions prior to 5.1.0:

                   Shorewall:nat:PREROUTING

           In Shorewall 5.1.0 and later releases, the log prefix is:

                   nat:PREROUTING

               Important
               To help insure that all packets in the NEW state are logged, rate limiting
               (LOGLIMIT) should be disabled when using LOGALLNEW. Use LOGALLNEW at your own
               risk; it may cause high CPU and disk utilization and you may not be able to
               control your firewall after you enable this option.

               Caution
               Do not use this option if the resulting log messages will be sent to another
               system.

       LOGFILE=[pathname|systemd]
           This parameter tells the /sbin/shorewall program where to look for Shorewall messages
           when processing the dump, logwatch, show log, and hits commands. If not assigned or if
           assigned an empty value, /var/log/messages is assumed. For further information, see
           shorewall-logging(8)[21]. Beginning with Shorewall 5.0.10.1, you may specify systemd
           to use journelctl -r to read the log.

       LOGFORMAT=["formattemplate"]
           The value of this variable generate the --log-prefix setting for Shorewall logging
           rules. It contains a “printf” formatting template which accepts three arguments (the
           chain name, logging rule number (optional) and the disposition). To use LOGFORMAT with
           fireparse, set it as:

                   LOGFORMAT="fp=%s:%d a=%s "

           If the LOGFORMAT value contains the substring “%d” then the logging rule number is
           calculated and formatted in that position; if that substring is not included then the
           rule number is not included. If not supplied or supplied as empty (LOGFORMAT="") then
           “Shorewall:%s:%s:” is assumed.

               Note
               The setting of LOGFORMAT has an effect of the permitted length of zone names. See
               shorewall-zones[16] (5).

               Caution
               Beginning with Shorewall 5.1.0, the default and sample shorewall[6].conf files set
               LOGFORMAT="%s %s ".

               Regardless of the LOGFORMAT setting, Shorewall IPv4 log messages that use this
               LOGFORMAT can be uniquely identified using the following regular expression:
                   'IN=.* OUT=.* SRC=.*\..* DST='
               and Shorewall IPv6 log messages can be uniquely identified using the following
               regular expression:
                   'IN=.* OUT=.* SRC=.*:.* DST='
               To match all Netfilter log messages (Both IPv4 and IPv6 and regardless of the
               LOGFORMAT setting), use:
                   'IN=.* OUT=.* SRC=.* DST='

       LOGLIMIT=[[{s|d}:]rate/{sec|second|min|minute|hour|day}[:burst]]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.12. Limits the logging rate, either overall, or by source or
           destination IP address.

           If the value starts with 's:' then logging is limited per source IP. If the value
           starts with 'd:', then logging is limited per destination IP. Otherwise, the overall
           logging rate is limited.

           If burst is not specified, then a value of 5 is assumed.

           The keywords second and minute are accepted beginning with Shorewall 4.6.13.

       LOGTAGONLY=[Yes|No]
           Using LOGFORMAT=“Shorewall:%s:%s:”, chain names may not exceed 5 characters or
           truncation of the log prefix may occur. Longer chain names may be used with log tags
           if you set LOGTAGONLY=Yes. With LOGTAGONLY=Yes, if a log tag is specified then the tag
           is included in the log prefix in place of the chain name.

           Beginning with Shorewall 4.5.12, when LOGTAGONLY=Yes, you have more control over the
           generated log prefix. Beginning with that release, the tag is interpreted as a chain
           name and a disposition separated by a comma. So this rule:

               #ACTION                                SOURCE         DEST
               LOG:info:foo,bar                       net            fw

           would generate the following log prefix when using LOGFORMAT=“Shorewall:%s:%s:”:
               Shorewall:foo:bar:
           Similarly,

               #ACTION                               SOURCE            DEST
               LOG:info:,bar                        net                    fw

           would generate
               Shorewall:net2fw:bar:

       MACLIST_DISPOSITION=[ACCEPT|DROP|REJECT|A_DROP|A_REJECT]
           Determines the disposition of connections requests that fail MAC Verification and must
           have the value ACCEPT (accept the connection request anyway), REJECT (reject the
           connection request) or DROP (ignore the connection request). If not set or if set to
           the empty value (e.g., MACLIST_DISPOSITION="") then MACLIST_DISPOSITION=REJECT is
           assumed.

           A_DROP and A_REJECT are audited versions of DROP and REJECT respectively and were
           added in Shorewall 4.4.20. They require AUDIT_TARGET in the kernel and ip[6]tables.

       MACLIST_LOG_LEVEL=[log-level[:log-tag]]
           Determines the syslog level for logging connection requests that fail MAC
           Verification. The value must be a valid syslogd log level. If you don't want to log
           these connection requests, set to the empty value (e.g., MACLIST_LOG_LEVEL="").

       MACLIST_TABLE=[filter|mangle]
           Normally, MAC verification occurs in the filter table (INPUT and FORWARD) chains. When
           forwarding a packet from an interface with MAC verification to a bridge interface,
           that doesn't work.

           This problem can be worked around by setting MACLIST_TABLE=mangle which will cause Mac
           verification to occur out of the PREROUTING chain. Because REJECT isn't available in
           that environment, you may not specify MACLIST_DISPOSITION=REJECT or
           MACLIST_DISPOSITION=A_REJECT with MACLIST_TABLE=mangle.

       MACLIST_TTL=[number]
           The performance of configurations with a large numbers of entries in
           shorewall-maclist[22](5) can be improved by setting the MACLIST_TTL variable in
           shorewall[6].conf[23](5).

           If your iptables and kernel support the "Recent Match" (see the output of "shorewall
           check" near the top), you can cache the results of a 'maclist' file lookup and thus
           reduce the overhead associated with MAC Verification.

           When a new connection arrives from a 'maclist' interface, the packet passes through
           then list of entries for that interface in shorewall-maclist[22](5). If there is a
           match then the source IP address is added to the 'Recent' set for that interface.
           Subsequent connection attempts from that IP address occurring within $MACLIST_TTL
           seconds will be accepted without having to scan all of the entries. After $MACLIST_TTL
           from the first accepted connection request from an IP address, the next connection
           request from that IP address will be checked against the entire list.

           If MACLIST_TTL is not specified or is specified as empty (e.g, MACLIST_TTL="" or is
           specified as zero then 'maclist' lookups will not be cached).

       MANGLE_ENABLED=[Yes|No]
           Determines whether Shorewall will generate rules in the Netfilter mangle table.
           Setting MANGLE_ENABLED=No disables all Shorewall features that require the mangle
           table. The default is MANGLE_ENABLED=Yes.

       MINIUPNPD=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.0.8. If set to Yes, Shorewall will create a chain in the nat
           table named MINIUPNPD-POSTROUTING and will add jumps from POSTROUTING to that chain
           for each interface with the upnpd option specified. Default is No.

       MARK_IN_FORWARD_CHAIN=[Yes|No]
           If your kernel has a FORWARD chain in the mangle table, you may set
           MARK_IN_FORWARD_CHAIN=Yes to cause the marking specified in the tcrules file to occur
           in that chain rather than in the PREROUTING chain. This permits you to mark inbound
           traffic based on its destination address when DNAT is in use. To determine if your
           kernel has a FORWARD chain in the mangle table, use the shorewall [-6] show mangle
           command; if a FORWARD chain is displayed then your kernel will support this option. If
           this option is not specified or if it is given the empty value (e.g.,
           MARK_IN_FORWARD_CHAIN="") then MARK_IN_FORWARD_CHAIN=No is assumed.

       MASK_BITS=[number]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.26. Number of bits on the right of the 32-bit packet mark to be
           masked when clearing the traffic shaping mark. Must be >= TC_BITS and <=
           PROVIDER_OFFSET (if PROVIDER_OFFSET > 0). Prior to Shorewall 5.0.0, default value and
           the default values of the other mark layout options is determined as follows:

           Table 1. Default Packet Mark Layout
           WIDE_TC_MARKS=No,      TC_BITS=8, PROVIDER_BITS=8,
           HIGH_ROUTE_MARKS=No    PROVIDER_OFFSET=0,
                                                    MASK_BITS=8
           WIDE_TC_MARKS=No,      TC_BITS=8, PROVIDER_BITS=8,
           HIGH_ROUTE_MARKS=Yes   PROVIDER_OFFSET=8,
                                                    MASK_BITS=8
           WIDE_TC_MARKS=Yes,     TC_BITS=14, PROVIDER_BITS=8,
           HIGH_ROUTE_MARKS=No    PROVIDER_OFFSET=0,
                                                    MASK_BITS=16
           WIDE_TC_MARKS=Yes,     TC_BITS=14, PROVIDER_BITS=8,
           HIGH_ROUTE_MARKS=Yes   PROVIDER_OFFSET=16,
                                                    MASK_BITS=16

           From 5.0.0 onward, the default value of MASK_BITS is 8, the default value of
           PROVIDER_BITS, TC_BITS, MASK_BITS and PROVIDER_OFFSET is 8.

       MODULESDIR=[[+]pathname[:pathname]...]
           This parameter specifies the directory/directories where your kernel netfilter modules
           may be found. If you leave the variable empty, Shorewall will supply the value
           "/lib/modules/$uname/kernel/net/ipv${g_family}/netfilter:/lib/modules/$uname/kernel/net/netfilter:/lib/modules/$uname/kernel/net/sched:/lib/modules/$uname/extra:/lib/modules/$uname/extra/ipset"
           where uname holds the output of 'uname -r' and g_family holds '4' in IPv4
           configurations and '6' in IPv6 configurations.

           The option plus sign ('+') was added in Shorewall 5.0.3 and causes the listed
           pathnames to be appended to the default list above.

       MULTICAST=[Yes|No]
           IPv4 only.

           This option will normally be set to 'No' (the default). It should be set to 'Yes'
           under the following circumstances:

            1. You have an interface that has parallel zones defined via /etc/shorewall/hosts.

            2. You want to forward multicast packets to two or more of those parallel zones.

           In such cases, you will configure a destonly network on each zone receiving
           multicasts.

       MUTEX_TIMEOUT=[seconds]
           The value of this variable determines the number of seconds that programs will wait
           for exclusive access to the Shorewall[6] lock file. After the number of seconds
           corresponding to the value of this variable, programs will assume that the last
           program to hold the lock died without releasing the lock.

           If not set or set to the empty value, a value of 60 (60 seconds) is assumed.

           An appropriate value for this parameter would be twice the length of time that it
           takes your firewall system to process a shorewall [-6] restart command.

       NFACCT=[pathname]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.7. Specifies the pathname of the nfacct utility. If not
           specified, Shorewall will use the PATH setting to find the program.

       NULL_ROUTE_RFC1918=[Yes|No|blackhole|unreachable|prohibit]
           IPv4 only.

           When set to Yes, causes Shorewall to null-route the IPv4 address ranges reserved by
           RFC1918. The default value is 'No'.

           When combined with route filtering (ROUTE_FILTER=Yes or routefilter in
           shorewall-interfaces[20](5)), this option ensures that packets with an RFC1918 source
           address are only accepted from interfaces having known routes to networks using such
           addresses.

           Beginning with Shorewall 4.5.15, you may specify blackhole, unreachable or prohibit to
           set the type of route to be created. See
           http://www.shorewall.net/MultiISP.html#null_routing[24].

       OPTIMIZE=[value]
           The specified value enables certain optimizations. Each optimization category is
           associated with a power of two. To enable multiple optimization categories, simply add
           their corresponding numbers together.

           Beginning with Shorewall 4.5.20, you may specify OPTIMIZE=All to enable all
           optimization categories, and you may also specify OPTIMIZE=None to disable
           optimization.

           ·   Optimization category 1 - Traditionally, Shorewall has created rules for the
               complete matrix of host groups defined by the zones, interfaces and hosts files.
               Any traffic that didn't correspond to an element of that matrix was rejected in
               one of the built-in chains. When the matrix is sparse, this results in lots of
               largely useless rules.

               These extra rules can be eliminated by setting the 1 bit in OPTIMIZE.

               The 1 bit setting also controls the suppression of redundant wildcard rules (those
               specifying "all" in the SOURCE or DEST column). A wildcard rule is considered to
               be redundant when it has the same ACTION and Log Level as the applicable policy.

                   Note
                   Optimization level 1 is ignored when optimization level 4 is also selected,
                   since level 4 performs similar optimizations in a more robust way.

           ·   Optimization category 2 - Added in Shorewall 4.4.7. When set, suppresses
               superfluous ACCEPT rules in a policy chain that implements an ACCEPT policy. Any
               ACCEPT rules that immediately precede the final blanket ACCEPT rule in the chain
               are now omitted.

           ·   Optimization category 4 - Added in Shorewall 4.4.7. When set, causes short chains
               (those with less than 2 rules) to be optimized away. The following chains are
               excluded from optimization:

               ·   accounting chains (unless OPTIMIZE_ACCOUNTING=Yes)

               ·   action chains (user-defined)

               ·   'blacklst' chain

               ·   dynamic

               ·   forwardUPnP

               ·   UPnP (nat table)

               Additionally:

               ·   If a built-in chain has a single rule that branches to a second chain, then
                   the rules from the second chain are moved to the built-in chain and the target
                   chain is omitted.

               ·   Chains with no references are deleted.

               ·   Accounting chains are subject to optimization if the OPTIMIZE_ACCOUNTING
                   option is set to 'Yes'.

               ·   If a chain ends with an unconditional branch to a second chain (other than to
                   'reject'), then the branch is deleted from the first chain and the rules from
                   the second chain are appended to it.

               An additional optimization was added in Shorewall 4.5.4. If the last rule in a
               chain is an unqualified jump to a simple target, then all immediately preceding
               rules with the same simple target are omitted.

               For example, consider this chain:

                        -A fw-net -p udp --dport 67:68 -j ACCEPT
                        -A fw-net -p udp --sport 1194 -j ACCEPT
                        -A fw-net -p 41 -j ACCEPT
                        -A fw-net -j ACCEPT

               Since all of the rules are jumps to the simple target ACCEPT, this chain is
               totally optimized away and jumps to the chain are replace with jumps to ACCEPT.

           ·   Optimization category 8 - Added in Shorewall 4.4.9. When set, causes chains with
               identical rules to be collapsed into a single chain.

                   Warning
                   While Optimization category 8 can significantly reduce the size of the
                   generated iptables ruleset, it can also take significant system resources
                   during compilation. If you find that compilation takes an unreasonably long
                   time, try disabling this category by setting OPTIMIZE=23.

           ·   Optimization category 16 - Added in Shorewall 4.4.26. When set, causes sequences
               of compatible rules to be combined into a single rule. Rules are considered
               compatible if they differ only in their destination ports and comments.

               A sequence of compatible rules is often generated when macros are invoked in
               sequence.

               The ability to combine adjacent rules is limited by two factors:

               ·   Destination port lists may only be combined up to a maximum of 15 ports, where
                   a port-pair counts as two ports.

               ·   Rules may only be combined until the length of their concatenated comment
                   reaches 255 characters.

               When either of these limits would be exceeded, the current combined rule is
               emitted and the compiler attempts to combine rules beginning with the one that
               would have exceeded the limit. Adjacent combined comments are separated by ', '.
               Empty comments at the front of a group of combined comments are replaced by
               'Others and'. Empty comments at the end of a group of combined comments are
               replaced by 'and others'.

               Beginning in Shorewall 4.5.10, this option also suppresses duplicate adjacent
               rules and duplicate non-adjacent rules that don't include mark, connmark, dscp,
               ecn, set, tos or u32 matches.

               Example 1:
                   Rules with comments "FOO", <empty> and "BAR" would result in the combined
                   comment "FOO and others, BAR".

               Example 2:
                   Rules with comments <empty>, "FOO" and "BAR" would result in the combined
                   comment "Others and FOO, BAR". Note: Optimize level 16 requires "Extended
                   Multi-port Match" in your iptables and kernel.

           In versions prior to 5.1.0, the default value is zero which disables all
           optimizations. Beginning with Shorewall 5.1.0, the default value is All which enables
           all optimizations.

       OPTIMIZE_ACCOUNTING=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.7. If set to Yes, Shorewall accounting changes are subject to
           optimization (OPTIMIZE=4,5,6 or 7). If not specified or set to the empty value,
           OPTIMIZE_ACCOUNTING=No is assumed.

       PAGER=pathname
           Added in Shorewall 5.0.6. Specifies a path name of a pager program like less or more.
           When PAGER is given, the output of verbose status commands and the dump command are
           piped through the named program when the output file is a terminal.

           Beginning with Shorewall 5.0.12, the default value of this option is the DEFAULT_PAGER
           setting in shorewallrc.

       PATH=pathname[:pathname]...
           Determines the order in which Shorewall searches directories for executable files.

       PERL=pathname
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.11 RC1. Specifies the path name of the Perl executable. Default
           is /usr/bin/perl. If the pathname specified by this option does not exist or the named
           file is not executable, then Shorewall falls back to /usr/bin/perl

       PERL_HASH_SEED=seed|random
           Added in Shorewall 5.1.4. Sets the Perl hash seed (an integer in the range 0-99999)
           when running the Shorewall rules compiler. If not specified, the value 0 is assumed.
           If random is specified, a random seed will be chosed by Perl. See perlsec(1) for
           additional information.

       PROVIDER_BITS=[number]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.26. The number of bits in the 32-bit packet mark to be used for
           provider numbers. May be zero. See MASK_BITS above for default value.

       PROVIDER_OFFSET=[number]If
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.26. The offset from the right (low-order end) of the provider
           number field in the 32-bit packet mark. If non-zero, must be >= TC_BITS (Shorewall
           automatically adjusts PROVIDER_OFFSET's value). PROVIDER_OFFSET + PROVIDER_BITS +
           ZONE_BITS must be < 32. See MASK_BITS above for default value.

       RCP_COMMAND="command"

       RSH_COMMAND="command"
           Earlier generations of Shorewall Lite required that remote root login via ssh be
           enabled in order to use the load and reload commands. Beginning with release 3.9.5,
           you may define an alternative means for accessing the remote firewall system. In that
           release, two new options were added to shorewall.conf:
               RSH_COMMAND
               RCP_COMMAND
           The default values for these are as follows:

               RSH_COMMAND: ssh ${root}@${system} ${command}
               RCP_COMMAND: scp ${files} ${root}@${system}:${destination}

           Shell variables that will be set when the commands are invoked are as follows:

               root        - root user. Normally root but may be overridden using the '-r' option.
               system      - The name/IP address of the remote firewall system.
               command     - For RSH_COMMAND, the command to be executed on the firewall system.
               files       - For RCP_COMMAND, a space-separated list of files to be copied to the remote firewall system.
               destination - The directory on the remote system that the files are to be copied into.

       RELATED_DISPOSITION=[ACCEPT|A_ACCEPT|A_DROP|A_REJECT|DROP|REJECT|CONTINUE]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.27. Shorewall has traditionally ACCEPTed RELATED packets that
           don't match any rule in the RELATED section of shorewall-rules[8] (5). Concern about
           the safety of this practice resulted in the addition of this option. When a packet in
           RELATED state fails to match any rule in the RELATED section, the packet is disposed
           of based on this setting. The default value is ACCEPT for compatibility with earlier
           versions.

       RELATED_LOG_LEVEL=log-level[:log-tag]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.27. Packets in the related state that do not match any rule in
           the RELATED section of shorewall-rules[8] (5) are logged at this level. The default
           value is empty which means no logging is performed.

       REJECT_ACTION=action
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.21. When a REJECT target is specified, Shorewall normally
           handles the response as follows:

           ·   If the destination address of the packet is a broadcast or multicast address, the
               packet is dropped.

           ·   if the protocol is ICMP (2) then the packet is dropped.

           ·   if the protocol is TCP (6) then the packet is rejected with an RST.

           ·   if the protocol is UDP (17) then the packet is rejected with an 'port-unreachable'
               ICMP.

           ·   if the protocol is ICMP (1) then the packet is rejected with a 'host-unreachable'
               ICMP.

           ·   if the protocol is ICMP6 (1) then the packet is rejected with a
               'icmp6-addr-unreachable' ICMP6.

           ·   otherwise, the packet is rejected with a 'host-prohibited' ICMP.

           You can modify this behavior by implementing your own action that handles REJECT and
           specifying it's name in this option. The nolog and noinline options will automatically
           be assumed for the specified action.

           The following action implements the default reject action:

               ?format 2
               #TARGET         SOURCE  DEST    PROTO
               Broadcast(DROP) -       -       -
               DROP            -       -       2
               INLINE          -       -       6       ;; -j REJECT --reject-with tcp-reset
               ?if __ENHANCED_REJECT
               INLINE          -       -       17      ;; -j REJECT
               ?if __IPV4
               INLINE          -       -       1       ;; -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-unreachable
               INLINE          -       -       -       ;; -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
               ?else
               INLINE          -       -       58      ;; -j REJECT --reject-with icmp6-addr-unreachable
               INLINE          -       -       -       ;; -j REJECT --reject-with icmp6-adm-prohibited
               ?endif
               ?else
               INLINE          -       -       -       ;; -j REJECT
               ?endif

       RENAME_COMBINED=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.2.0. Traditionally, when OPTIMIZE category 8 is enabled,
           identical chains are combined under a name beginning with '~comb' or '~blacklist'.
           This behavior is maintained under the default setting RENAME_COMBINED=Yes. If
           RENAMED_COMBINED=No, the chains are combined under the original name of one of the
           chains.

       REQUIRE_INTERFACE=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.10. The default is No. If set to Yes, at least one optional
           interface must be up in order for the firewall to be in the started state. Intended to
           be used with the Shorewall Init Package[25].

       RESTART=[restart|reload]
           Added in Shorewall 5.0.1 to replace LEGACY_RESTART which was added in Shorewall 5.0.0.
           In that release, the reload command was redefined to do what restart had done in
           earlier releases and restart became a true restart (equivalent to stop followed by
           start). When RESTART=reload, the restart command performs the same operation as the
           reload command making it compatible with earlier releases. If not specified,
           RESTART=reload is assumed.

       RESTORE_DEFAULT_ROUTE=[Yes|No]
           This option determines whether to restore the default route saved when here are
           'balance' providers defined but all of them are down.

           The default is RESTORE_DEFAULT_ROUTE=Yes which preserves the pre-4.2.6 behavior.

           RESTORE_DEFAULT_ROUTE=No is appropriate when you don't want a default route in the
           main table (USE_DEFAULT_RT=No) or in the default table (USE_DEFAULT_RT=Yes) when there
           are no balance providers available. In that case, RESTORE_DEFAULT_ROUTE=No will cause
           any default route in the relevant table to be deleted.

       RESTORE_ROUTEMARKS=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.9. When set to Yes (the default), provider marks are restored
           unconditionally at the top of the mangle OUTPUT and PREROUTING chains, even if the
           saved mark is zero. When this option is set to No, the mark is restored only if it is
           non-zero. If you have problems with IPSEC ESP packets not being routed correctly on
           output, try setting this option to No.

       RESTOREFILE=filename
           Specifies the simple name of a file in /var/lib/shorewall to be used as the default
           restore script in the shorewall [-6] save, shorewall [-6] restore, shorewall [-6]
           forget and shorewall [6] -f start commands.

       RETAIN_ALIASES={Yes|No}
           IPv4 only.

           During shorewall start, IP addresses to be added as a consequence of
           ADD_IP_ALIASES=Yes and ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=Yes are quietly deleted when
           shorewall-nat[3](5) and shorewall-masq[4](5) are processed then are re-added later.
           This is done to help ensure that the addresses can be added with the specified labels
           but can have the undesirable side effect of causing routes to be quietly deleted. When
           RETAIN_ALIASES is set to Yes, existing addresses will not be deleted. Regardless of
           the setting of RETAIN_ALIASES, addresses added during shorewall start are still
           deleted at a subsequent shorewall [stop, shorewall reload or shorewall restart.

       ROUTE_FILTER=[Yes|No|Keep]
           If this parameter is given the value Yes or yes then route filtering (anti-spoofing)
           is enabled on all network interfaces which are brought up while Shorewall is in the
           started state. The default value is no.

           The value Keep causes Shorewall to ignore the option. If the option is set to Yes,
           then route filtering occurs on all interfaces. If the option is set to No, then route
           filtering is disabled on all interfaces except those specified in
           shorewall-interfaces[20](5).

               Important
               If you need to disable route filtering on any interface, then you must set
               ROUTE_FILTER=No then set routefilter=1 or routefilter=2 on those interfaces where
               you want route filtering. See shorewall-interfaces[20](5) for additional details.

       RPFILTER_DISPOSITION=[DROP|REJECT|A_DROP|A_REJECT]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.7. Determines the disposition of packets entering from
           interfaces the rpfilter option (see shorewall-interfaces[20](5)). Packets disposed of
           by this option are those whose response packets would not be sent through the same
           interface receiving the packet.

       RPFILTER_LOG_LEVEL=log-level[:log-tag]
           Added in shorewall 4.5.7. Determines the logging of packets disposed via the
           RPFILTER_DISPOSITION. The default value is info.

       SAVE_ARPTABLES={Yes|No}
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.12. If SAVE_ARPTABLES=Yes, then the current arptables contents
           will be saved by shorewall save command and restored by shorewall restore command.
           Default value is No.

       SAVE_IPSETS={Yes|No|ipv4|setlist}
           Re-enabled in Shorewall 4.4.6. If SAVE_IPSETS=Yes, then the current contents of your
           ipsets will be saved by the shorewall stop and shorewall save commands and restored by
           the shorewall start and shorewall restore commands.

           Beginning with Shorewall 4.6.4, you can restrict the set of ipsets saved by specifying
           a setlist (a comma-separated list of ipv4 ipset names). You may also restrict the
           saved sets to just the ipv4 ones by specifying ipv4.

       SFILTER_DISPOSITION=[DROP|REJECT|A_DROP|A_REJECT]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.20. Determines the disposition of packets matching the sfilter
           option (see shorewall-interfaces[20](5)) and of hairpin packets on interfaces without
           the routeback option.[26]

       SFILTER_LOG_LEVEL=log-level[:log-tag]
           Added on Shorewall 4.4.20. Determines the logging of packets matching the sfilter
           option (see shorewall-interfaces[20](5)) and of hairpin packets on interfaces without
           the routeback option.[27] The default is info. If you don't wish for these packets to
           be logged, use SFILTER_LOG_LEVEL=none.

       SHOREWALL_SHELL=[pathname]
           This option is used to specify the shell program to be used to interpret the compiled
           script. If not specified or specified as a null value, /bin/sh is assumed. Using a
           light-weight shell such as ash or dash can significantly improve performance.

       SMURF_DISPOSITION=[DROP|A_DROP]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.20. The default setting is DROP which causes smurf packets (see
           the nosmurfs option in shorewall-interfaces[20](5)) to be dropped. A_DROP causes the
           packets to be audited prior to being dropped and requires AUDIT_TARGET support in the
           kernel and iptables.

       SMURF_LOG_LEVEL=[log-level[:log-tag]]
           Specifies the logging level for smurf packets (see the nosmurfs option in
           shorewall-interfaces[20](5)). If set to the empty value ( SMURF_LOG_LEVEL="" ) then
           smurfs are not logged.

       STARTUP_ENABLED={Yes|No}
           Determines if Shorewall is allowed to start. As released from shorewall.net, this
           option is set to No. When set to Yes or yes, Shorewall may be started. Used as a guard
           against Shorewall being accidentally started before it has been configured.

       STARTUP_LOG=[pathname]
           If specified, determines where Shorewall will log the details of each start, reload,
           restart, try, and safe-* command. Logging verbosity is determined by the setting of
           LOG_VERBOSITY above.

       SUBSYSLOCK=[pathname]
           This parameter should be set to the name of a file that the firewall should create if
           it starts successfully and remove when it stops. Creating and removing this file
           allows Shorewall to work with your distribution's initscripts. For OpenSuSE, this
           should be set to /var/lock/subsys/shorewall (var/lock/subsys/shorewall-lite if
           building for export). For Gentoo, it should be set to /run/lock/shorewall
           (/run/lock/shorewall-lite). For Redhat and derivatives as well as Debian and
           derivatives, the pathname should be omitted.

               Important
               Beginning with Shorewall 5.1.0, this setting is ignored when SERVICEDIR is
               non-empty in ${SHAREDIR}/shorewall/shorewallrc (usually
               /usr/share/shorewall/shorewallrc).

       TC=[pathname]
           If specified, gives the pathname of the 'tc' executable. If not specified, 'tc' is
           assumed and the utility will be located using the current PATH setting.

       TC_BITS=[number]
           The number of bits at the low end of the 32-bit packet mark to be used for traffic
           shaping marking. May be zero. See MASK_BITS above for default value.

       TC_ENABLED=[Yes|No|Internal|Simple|Shared]
           If you say Yes or yes here, Shorewall will use a script that you supply to configure
           traffic shaping. The script must be named 'tcstart' and must be placed in a directory
           on your CONFIG_PATH.

           If you say No or no then traffic shaping is not enabled.

           If you set TC_ENABLED=Simple (Shorewall 4.4.6 and later), simple traffic shaping using
           shorewall-tcinterfaces[28](5) and shorewall-tcpri[29](5) is enabled.

           If you set TC_ENABLED=Internal or internal or leave the option empty then Shorewall
           will use its builtin traffic shaper (tc4shorewall written by Arne Bernin.

           Beginning with Shorewall 4.4.15, you can set TC_ENABLED=Shared. This allows you to
           configure the tcdevices and tcclasses in your Shorewall6 configuration yet make them
           available to the compiler when compiling your Shorewall configuration. In addition to
           setting TC_ENABLED=Shared, you need to create symbolic links from your Shorewall
           configuration directory (normally /etc/shorewall/) to the tcdevices and tcclasses
           files in your Shorewall6 configuration directory (normally /etc/shorewall6/).

       TC_EXPERT={Yes|No}
           Normally, Shorewall tries to protect users from themselves by preventing PREROUTING
           and OUTPUT tcrules from being applied to packets that have been marked by the 'track'
           option in shorewall-providers[9](5).

           If you know what you are doing, you can set TC_EXPERT=Yes and Shorewall will not
           include these cautionary checks.

       TC_PRIOMAP=map
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.6. Determines the mapping of a packet's TOS field to priority
           bands. See shorewall-tcpri[29](5). The map consists of 16 space-separated digits with
           values 1, 2 or 3. A value of 1 corresponds to Linux priority 0, 2 to Linux priority 1,
           and 3 to Linux Priority 2. The first entry gives the priority of TOS value 0, the
           second of TOS value 1, and so on. See tc-prio(8) for additional information.

           The default setting is TC_PRIOMAP="2 3 3 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2".

       TCP_FLAGS_DISPOSITION=[ACCEPT|DROP|REJECT|A_DROP|A_REJECT]
           Determines the disposition of TCP packets that fail the checks enabled by the tcpflags
           interface option (see shorewall-interfaces[20](5)) and must have a value of ACCEPT
           (accept the packet), REJECT (send an RST response) or DROP (ignore the packet). If not
           set or if set to the empty value (e.g., TCP_FLAGS_DISPOSITION="") then
           TCP_FLAGS_DISPOSITION=DROP is assumed.

           A_DROP and A_REJECT are audited versions of DROP and REJECT respectively and were
           added in Shorewall 4.4.20. They require AUDIT_TARGET in the kernel and iptables.

       TCP_FLAGS_LOG_LEVEL=[log-level[:log-tag]]
           Determines the syslog level for logging packets that fail the checks enabled by the
           tcpflags interface option. The value must be a valid syslogd log level. If you don't
           want to log these packets, set to the empty value (e.g., TCP_FLAGS_LOG_LEVEL="").

       TRACK_PROVIDERS={Yes|No}
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.3. When set to Yes, causes the track option to be assumed on
           all providers defined in shorewall-providers[9](5). May be overridden on an individual
           provider through use of the notrack option. The default value is 'No'.

           Beginning in Shorewall 4.4.6, setting this option to 'Yes' also simplifies PREROUTING
           rules in shorewall-tcrules[12](5). Previously, when TC_EXPERT=No, packets arriving
           through 'tracked' provider interfaces were unconditionally passed to the PREROUTING
           tcrules. This was done so that tcrules could reset the packet mark to zero, thus
           allowing the packet to be routed using the 'main' routing table. Using the main table
           allowed dynamic routes (such as those added for VPNs) to be effective. The rtrules
           file was created to provide a better alternative to clearing the packet mark. As a
           consequence, passing these packets to PREROUTING complicates things without providing
           any real benefit. Beginning with Shorewall 4.4.6, when TRACK_PROVIDERS=Yes and
           TC_EXPERT=No, packets arriving through 'tracked' interfaces will not be passed to the
           PREROUTING rules. Since TRACK_PROVIDERS was just introduced in 4.4.3, this change
           should be transparent to most, if not all, users.

       TRACK_RULES={Yes|No|File}
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.20. If set to Yes, causes the compiler to add a comment to
           iptables rules to indicate the file name and line number of the configuration entry
           that generated the rule. If set to No (the default), then no such comments are added.

           Setting this option to Yes requires the Comments capability in iptables and kernel.

           Beginning with Shorewall 5.0.5, the option may also be set to File. That setting
           causes similar comments to be added to the .iptables-restore-input file, which is
           normally created in /var/lib/shorewall.

       UNTRACKED_DISPOSITION=[ACCEPT|A_ACCEPT|A_DROP|A_REJECT|DROP|REJECT|CONTINUE]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.13. Shorewall has traditionally passed UNTRACKED packets
           through the NEW section of shorewall-rules[8] (5). When a packet in UNTRACKED state
           fails to match any rule in the UNTRACKED section, the packet is disposed of based on
           this setting. The default value is CONTINUE for compatibility with earlier versions.

       UNTRACKED_LOG_LEVEL=log-level[:log-tag]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.13. Packets in the UNTRACKED state that do not match any rule
           in the UNTRACKED section of shorewall-rules[8] (5) are logged at this level. The
           default value is empty which means no logging is performed.

       USE_DEFAULT_RT=[Yes|No]
           When set to 'Yes', this option causes the Shorewall multi-ISP feature to create a set
           of routing rules which are resilient to changes in the main routing table. Such
           changes can occur for a number of reasons, VPNs going up and down being an example.
           The idea is to send packets through the main table prior to applying any of the
           Shorewall-generated routing rules. So changes to the main table will affect the
           routing of packets by default.

           When USE_DEFAULT_RT=Yes:

            1. Both the DUPLICATE and the COPY columns in providers[9](5) file must remain empty
               (or contain "-").

            2. The default route is added to the the 'default' table rather than to the main
               table.

            3. If running Shorewall 5.1.0 or earlier or if BALANCE_PROVIDERS=Yes (Shorewall 5.1.1
               or later), then the balance provider option is assumed unless the fallback, loose,
               load or tproxy option is specified.

            4. Packets are sent through the main routing table by a rule with priority 999. In
               shorewall-rtrules[30](5), the range 1-998 may be used for inserting rules that
               bypass the main table.

            5. All provider gateways must be specified explicitly in the GATEWAY column.  detect
               may not be specified..if n .sp
                   Note
                   detect may be specified for interfaces whose configuration is managed by
                   dhcpcd. Shorewall will use dhcpcd's database to find the interface's gateway.

            6. You should disable all default route management outside of Shorewall. If a default
               route is added to the main table while Shorewall is started, then all policy
               routing will stop working (except for those routing rules in the priority range
               1-998).

           Prior to Shorewall 4.6.0, if USE_DEFAULT_RT was not set or if it was set to the empty
           string then USE_DEFAULT_RT=No was assumed. Beginning with Shorewall 4.6.0, the default
           is USE_DEFAULT_RT=Yes and use of USE_DEFAULT_RT=No is deprecated.

               Warning
               The enable, disable and reenable commands do not work correctly when
               USE_DEFAULT_RT=No.

       USE_NFLOG_SIZE=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.1.5. The second parameter to the NFLOG target specifies how many
           bytes of the packet to copy to the log; if omitted or if supplied as zero, the entire
           packet is copied. This feature has traditionally been implemented using the
           --nflog-range option to the NFLOG iptables target. Unfortuntely, the --nflog-range
           option never worked (the entire packet was always copied). To deal with this issue,
           the Netfilter team:

           ·   Added a warning message when --nflog-range is used

           ·   Added --nflog-size which works like --nflog-range was intended to work.

           When USE_NFLOG_SIZE=Yes, Shorewall will attempt to use the new --nflog-size feature.
           If that feature is not available in the running kernel and ip[6]tables, an error is
           raised.

           When USE_NFLOG_SIZE is not supplied, USE_NFLOG_SIZE=No is assumed. When USE_NFLOG_SIZE
           is added by shorewall update, it is added with setting No.

       USE_PHYSICAL_NAMES=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.27. Normally, when Shorewall creates a Netfilter chain that
           relates to an interface, it uses the interface's logical name as the base of the chain
           name. For example, if the logical name for an interface is OAKLAND, then the input
           chain for traffic arriving on that interface would be 'OAKLAND_in'. If this option is
           set to Yes, then the physical name of the interface will be used the base of the chain
           name.

       USE_RT_NAMES=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.15. When set to 'Yes', Shorewall will use routing table
           (provider) names in the generated script rather than table numbers. When set to 'No'
           (the default), routing table numbers will be used.

               Caution
               If you set USE_RT_NAMES=Yes and KEEP_RT_TABLES=Yes, then you must insure that all
               of your providers have entries in /etc/iproute2/rt_tables as well as the following
               entries:
                   255 local
                   254 main
                   253 default
                   250 balance
                   0 unspec
               Without these entries, the firewall will fail to start.

       VERBOSE_MESSAGES=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.0.9. When Yes (the default), messages produced by the ?INFO and
           ?WARNING directives include the filename and linenumber of the directive. When set to
           No, that additional information is omitted. The setting may be overridden on a
           directive by directive basis by following ?INFO or ?WARNING with '!' (no intervening
           white space).

       VERBOSITY=[number]
           Shorewall has traditionally been very noisy (produced lots of output). You may set the
           default level of verbosity using the VERBOSITY OPTION.

           Values are:
               0 - Silent. You may make it more verbose using the -v
                           option
               1 - Major progress messages displayed
               2 - All progress messages displayed (pre Shorewall-3.2.0
                           behavior)
           If not specified, then 2 is assumed.

       WARNOLDCAPVERSION=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.5.12. When set to Yes (the default), the compiler issues a
           warning when it finds a capabilities file that doesn't specify all of the capabilities
           supported by the compiler. When WARNOLDCAPVERSION is set to No, no warning is issued.

       WORKAROUNDS=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 4.6.11. Over time, there have been a number of changes in Shorewall
           that work around defects in other products such as iptables and ipset. When
           WORKAROUNDS=Yes, these workarounds are enabled; when WORKAROUNDS=No, they are
           disabled. If not specified or if specified as empty, WORKAROUNDS=Yes is assumed.

               Warning
               Do not set WORKAROUNDS=Yes if you need to be able to use Shorewall-generated
               scripts (such as created by the save command) built by Shorewall 4.4.7 or older.

       ZERO_MARKS=[Yes|No]
           Added in Shorewall 5.0.12, this is a workaround for an issue where packet marks are
           not zeroed by the kernel. It should be set to No (the default) unless you find that
           incoming packets are being mis-routed for no apparent reasons.

               Caution
               Do not set this option to Yes if you have IPSEC software running on the firewall
               system.

       ZONE_BITS=[number]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.26. When non-zero, enables automatic packet marking by source
           zone and determines the number of bits in the 32-bit packet mark to be used for the
           zone mark. Default value is 0.

       ZONE2ZONE=[2|-]
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.4. This option determines how Shorewall constructs chain names
           involving zone names and/or 'all'. Beginning with Shorewall 4.6.0, the default is '-'
           (e.g., fw-net); prior to that release, the default was '2' (e.g., fw2net).

FILES

       /etc/shorewall/shorewall.conf

       /etc/shorewall6/shorewall6.conf

SEE ALSO

       shorewall(8)

NOTES

        1. shorewall-policy
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-policy.html

        2. shorewall-accounting
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-accounting.html

        3. shorewall-nat
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-nat.html

        4. shorewall-masq
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-masq.html

        5. shorewall-routestopped
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-routestopped.html

        6. shorewall-stoppedrules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-stoppedrules.html

        7. shorewall-conntrack
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-conntrack.html

        8. shorewall-rules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-rules.html

        9. shorewall-providers(5)
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-providers.html

       10. shorewall-tcfilters(5)
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-tcfilters.html

       11. shorewall-blrules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-blrules.html

       12. shorewall-tcrules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-tcrules.html

       13. Shorewall6
           http://www.shorewall.net/IPv6Support.html

       14. http://www.shorewall.net/Docker.html
           http://www.shorewall.net/Docker.html

       15. http://www.shorewall.net/ISO-3661.html
           http://www.shorewall.net/ISO-3661.html

       16. shorewall-zones
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-zones.html

       17. shorewall-nesting
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-nesting.html

       18. shorewall(8)
           http://www.shorewall.netmanpages/shorewall.html

       19. shorewall-params(5)
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-params.html

       20. shorewall-interfaces
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-interfaces.html

       21. shorewall-logging(8)
           http://www.shorewall.netshorewall-logging.html

       22. shorewall-maclist
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-maclist.html

       23. shorewall[6].conf
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall.conf.html

       24. http://www.shorewall.net/MultiISP.html#null_routing
           http://www.shorewall.net/MultiISP.html#null_routing

       25. Shorewall Init Package
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-init.html

       26. Hairpin packets are packets that are routed out of the same interface that they
           arrived on.

       27. Hairpin packets are packets that are routed out of the same interface that they
           arrived on.

       28. shorewall-tcinterfaces
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-tcinterfaces.html

       29. shorewall-tcpri
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-tcpri.html

       30. shorewall-rtrules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-rtrules.html