Provided by: freeradius-common_3.0.19+dfsg-3_all bug

NAME

       users - user authorization file for the FreeRADIUS server

DESCRIPTION

       The   users  files  reside  in  the  files  module  configuration  directory,  by  default
       /etc/freeradius/3.0/mods-config/files/.  It contains a series of configuration  directives
       which  are  used by the files module to decide how to authorize and authenticate each user
       request.

       Every line starting with a hash sign ('#') is treated as comment and ignored.

       Each entry of the file begins with a username, followed by  a  (possibly  empty)  list  of
       check  items,  all  on  one line.  The next line begins with a tab, and a (possibly empty)
       list of reply items.  Each item in the check or reply item list is  an  attribute  of  the
       form  name  = value.  Multiple items may be placed on one line, in which case they must be
       separated by commas.  The reply items may be specified over multiple lines, in which  case
       each  line must end with a comma, and the last line of the reply items must not end with a
       comma.

       The check items are a list of attributes used to  match  the  incoming  request.   If  the
       username  matches,  AND  all of the check items match the incoming request, then the reply
       items are added to the list of attributes which will be used in the reply to that request.
       This process is repeated for all of the entries in the users file.

       If the incoming request matches NO entry, then the request is rejected.

CAVEATS

       The special keyword DEFAULT matches any usernames.

       The  entries are processed in order, from the top of the users file, on down.  If an entry
       contains the special item Fall-Through = No as a reply attribute, then the  processing  of
       the  file  stops,  and no more entries are matched.  Any reply item list without any Fall-
       Through attribute is treated as though it included a Fall-Through = No attribute.

       If an entry contains the special item Fall-Through = Yes as a reply  attribute,  then  the
       processing proceeds to the next entry in order.

       Care  should  be  taken when using Fall-Through.  The server should be tested in debugging
       mode with a number of test requests, in order to verify that the configured entries behave
       as expected.

       The special attribute Auth-Type is used to identify the authentication type to be used for
       that user.  See the dictionary file for a list  of  permitted  values  for  the  Auth-Type
       attribute.

       Once  the  users  file  has been processed, the request is authenticated, using the method
       given by Auth-Type.

OPERATORS

       Additional operators other than = may be used for the attributes in either the check item,
       or reply item list.  The following is a list of operators, and their meaning.

       Attribute = Value
            Not allowed as a check item for RADIUS protocol attributes.  It is allowed for server
            configuration attributes (Auth-Type, etc), and sets the value of on  attribute,  only
            if there is no other item of the same attribute.
            As  a  reply  item, it means "add the item to the reply list, but only if there is no
            other item of the same attribute."

       Attribute := Value
            Always matches as a check item, and replaces in the configuration items any attribute
            of  the  same  name.   If no attribute of that name appears in the request, then this
            attribute is added.
            As a reply item, it has an identical meaning, but for the reply items, instead of the
            request items.

       Attribute == Value
            As a check item, it matches if the named attribute is present in the request, AND has
            the given value.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute += Value
            Always matches as a check item, and adds the current attribute with value to the list
            of configuration items.
            As a reply item, it has an identical meaning, but the attribute is added to the reply
            items.

       Attribute != Value
            As a check item, matches if the given attribute is in the request, AND does not  have
            the given value.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute > Value
            As a check item, it matches if the request contains an attribute with a value greater
            than the one given.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute >= Value
            As a check item, it matches if the request contains an attribute with a value greater
            than, or equal to the one given.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute < Value
            As  a  check  item, it matches if the request contains an attribute with a value less
            than the one given.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute <= Value
            As a check item, it matches if the request contains an attribute with  a  value  less
            than, or equal to the one given.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute =* Value
            As  a  check  item, it matches if the request contains the named attribute, no matter
            what the value is.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

       Attribute !* Value
            As a check item, it matches if the request does not contain the named  attribute,  no
            matter what the value is.
            Not allowed as a reply item.

EXAMPLES

       bob  Cleartext-Password := "hello"

              Requests   containing   the   User-Name   attribute,  with  value  "bob",  will  be
              authenticated using the "known good" password "hello".  There are no  reply  items,
              so the reply will be empty.

       DEFAULT Service-Type == Framed-User, Framed-Protocol == PPP
            Service-Type = Framed-User,
            Framed-Protocol = PPP,
            Fall-Through = Yes

              If  the  request  packet  contains the attributes Service-Type and Framed-Protocol,
              with the given values, then include those attributes in the reply.

              That is, give the user what they ask for.  This entry also  shows  how  to  specify
              multiple reply items.

       See the users file supplied with the server for more examples and comments.

HINTS

       Run  the  server  in  debugging  mode  (-X), and use the radclient program to send it test
       packets which you think will match specific entries.  The  server  will  print  out  which
       entries  were  matched for that request, so you can verify your expectations.  This should
       be the FIRST thing you do if you suspect problems with the file.

       Care should be taken when writing entries for the users file.  It is easy to  misconfigure
       the server so that requests are accepted when you wish to reject them.  The entries should
       be ordered, and the Fall-Through item should be used ONLY where it is required.

       Entries rejecting certain requests should go at the top of the file, and should not have a
       Fall-Through  item  in  their  reply items.  Entries for specific users, who do not have a
       Fall-Through item, should come next.  Any DEFAULT entries should usually come last, except
       as fall-through entries that set reply attributes.

FILES

       /etc/freeradius/3.0/mods-config/files/

SEE ALSO

       radclient(1), radiusd(8), dictionary(5),

AUTHOR

       The FreeRADIUS team.

                                           04 Jan 2004                                   USERS(5)