Provided by: postgresql-client-11_11.5-1_amd64 bug


       CREATE_OPERATOR_CLASS - define a new operator class


         USING index_method [ FAMILY family_name ] AS
         {  OPERATOR strategy_number operator_name [ ( op_type, op_type ) ] [ FOR SEARCH | FOR ORDER BY sort_family_name ]
          | FUNCTION support_number [ ( op_type [ , op_type ] ) ] function_name ( argument_type [, ...] )
          | STORAGE storage_type
         } [, ... ]


       CREATE OPERATOR CLASS creates a new operator class. An operator class defines how a
       particular data type can be used with an index. The operator class specifies that certain
       operators will fill particular roles or “strategies” for this data type and this index
       method. The operator class also specifies the support functions to be used by the index
       method when the operator class is selected for an index column. All the operators and
       functions used by an operator class must be defined before the operator class can be

       If a schema name is given then the operator class is created in the specified schema.
       Otherwise it is created in the current schema. Two operator classes in the same schema can
       have the same name only if they are for different index methods.

       The user who defines an operator class becomes its owner. Presently, the creating user
       must be a superuser. (This restriction is made because an erroneous operator class
       definition could confuse or even crash the server.)

       CREATE OPERATOR CLASS does not presently check whether the operator class definition
       includes all the operators and functions required by the index method, nor whether the
       operators and functions form a self-consistent set. It is the user's responsibility to
       define a valid operator class.

       Related operator classes can be grouped into operator families. To add a new operator
       class to an existing family, specify the FAMILY option in CREATE OPERATOR CLASS. Without
       this option, the new class is placed into a family named the same as the new class
       (creating that family if it doesn't already exist).

       Refer to Section 38.15 for further information.


           The name of the operator class to be created. The name can be schema-qualified.

           If present, the operator class will become the default operator class for its data
           type. At most one operator class can be the default for a specific data type and index

           The column data type that this operator class is for.

           The name of the index method this operator class is for.

           The name of the existing operator family to add this operator class to. If not
           specified, a family named the same as the operator class is used (creating it, if it
           doesn't already exist).

           The index method's strategy number for an operator associated with the operator class.

           The name (optionally schema-qualified) of an operator associated with the operator

           In an OPERATOR clause, the operand data type(s) of the operator, or NONE to signify a
           left-unary or right-unary operator. The operand data types can be omitted in the
           normal case where they are the same as the operator class's data type.

           In a FUNCTION clause, the operand data type(s) the function is intended to support, if
           different from the input data type(s) of the function (for B-tree comparison functions
           and hash functions) or the class's data type (for B-tree sort support functions and
           all functions in GiST, SP-GiST, GIN and BRIN operator classes). These defaults are
           correct, and so op_type need not be specified in FUNCTION clauses, except for the case
           of a B-tree sort support function that is meant to support cross-data-type

           The name (optionally schema-qualified) of an existing btree operator family that
           describes the sort ordering associated with an ordering operator.

           If neither FOR SEARCH nor FOR ORDER BY is specified, FOR SEARCH is the default.

           The index method's support function number for a function associated with the operator

           The name (optionally schema-qualified) of a function that is an index method support
           function for the operator class.

           The parameter data type(s) of the function.

           The data type actually stored in the index. Normally this is the same as the column
           data type, but some index methods (currently GiST, GIN and BRIN) allow it to be
           different. The STORAGE clause must be omitted unless the index method allows a
           different type to be used. If the column data_type is specified as anyarray, the
           storage_type can be declared as anyelement to indicate that the index entries are
           members of the element type belonging to the actual array type that each particular
           index is created for.

       The OPERATOR, FUNCTION, and STORAGE clauses can appear in any order.


       Because the index machinery does not check access permissions on functions before using
       them, including a function or operator in an operator class is tantamount to granting
       public execute permission on it. This is usually not an issue for the sorts of functions
       that are useful in an operator class.

       The operators should not be defined by SQL functions. A SQL function is likely to be
       inlined into the calling query, which will prevent the optimizer from recognizing that the
       query matches an index.

       Before PostgreSQL 8.4, the OPERATOR clause could include a RECHECK option. This is no
       longer supported because whether an index operator is “lossy” is now determined on-the-fly
       at run time. This allows efficient handling of cases where an operator might or might not
       be lossy.


       The following example command defines a GiST index operator class for the data type _int4
       (array of int4). See the intarray module for the complete example.

           CREATE OPERATOR CLASS gist__int_ops
               DEFAULT FOR TYPE _int4 USING gist AS
                   OPERATOR        3       &&,
                   OPERATOR        6       = (anyarray, anyarray),
                   OPERATOR        7       @>,
                   OPERATOR        8       <@,
                   OPERATOR        20      @@ (_int4, query_int),
                   FUNCTION        1       g_int_consistent (internal, _int4, smallint, oid, internal),
                   FUNCTION        2       g_int_union (internal, internal),
                   FUNCTION        3       g_int_compress (internal),
                   FUNCTION        4       g_int_decompress (internal),
                   FUNCTION        5       g_int_penalty (internal, internal, internal),
                   FUNCTION        6       g_int_picksplit (internal, internal),
                   FUNCTION        7       g_int_same (_int4, _int4, internal);


       CREATE OPERATOR CLASS is a PostgreSQL extension. There is no CREATE OPERATOR CLASS
       statement in the SQL standard.