Provided by: alsa-utils_1.1.9-0ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       alsactl_init - alsa control management - initialization

DESCRIPTION

       "alsactl init" provides soundcard specific initialization.

CONFIGURATION

       All "alsactl init" configuration files are placed in /usr/share/alsa/init/ directory. The
       top level configuration file is /usr/share/alsa/init/00main. The default top-level file
       can be also specified using -i or --initfile parameter for the alsactl tool. Every file
       consists of a set of lines of text. All empty lines or lines beginning with '#' will be
       ignored.

   Rules files
       The "alsactl init" rules are read from the files located in the /usr/share/alsa/init/*.
       The top level configuration file is /usr/share/alsa/init/00main. Every line in the rules
       file contains at least one key value pair. There are two kind of keys, match and
       assignment keys. If all match keys are matching against its value, the rule gets applied
       and the assign keys get the specified value assigned.

       A rule may consists of a list of one or more key value pairs separated by a comma. Each
       key has a distinct operation, depending on the used operator. Valid operators are:

       ==
           Compare for equality.

       !=
           Compare for non-equality.

       =
           Assign a value to a key. Keys that represent a list, are reset and only this single
           value is assigned.

       +=
           Add the value to a key that holds a list of entries.

       :=
           Assign a value to a key finally; disallow any later changes, which may be used to
           prevent changes by any later rules.

       The following key names can be used to match against device properties:

       CARDINDEX
           Match the card index of the ALSA driver.

       CTL{attribute}
           Set or test universal control attribute. Possible attributes:

           numid
               Numeric control identification.

           iface, interface
               Control interface name (CARD, HWEDEP, MIXER, PCM, RAWMIDI, TIMER, SEQUENCER)

           subdev, subdevice
               Subdevice number.

           name
               Control name

           index
               Control index

           type
               Control type (BOOLEAN, INTEGER, INTEGER64, ENUMERATED, BYTES, IEC958)

           attr, attribute
               Attributes (stored in a string - use match characters * and ?):

               r
                   control is readable

               w
                   control is writable

               v
                   control is volatile

               i
                   control is inactive

               l
                   control is locked

               R
                   control is TLV readable

               W
                   control is TLV writable

               C
                   control is TLV commandable

               o
                   process is owner of this control

               u
                   control created in user space

           owner
               Control owner process PID number

           count
               Control count of values

           min
               Value range - minimum value

           max
               Value range - maximum value

           step
               Value range - step value

           dBmin
               Value range - minimum dB value

           dBmax
               Value range - maximum dB value

           items
               Enumerated value - number of text items

           enums
               Enumerated value - list of text names stored between '|' character

           value
               Value of control stored to a string delimited by comma (,).

           do_search
               Search for a control. Value "1" is returned if a control was found. The CTL{name}
               key might contain match characters * and ?. An control index might be specified as
               first argument starting from zero (e.g. CTL{do_search 2}="1").

           do_count
               Search for a controls and return total count of matched ones. The CTL{name} key
               might contain match characters * and ?.

       CONFIG{sysfs_device}
           The relative path to sysfs subsystem specifying the root directory of a soundcard
           device. Usually, it should be set to "/class/sound/card$cardinfo{card}/device".

       ATTR{filename}
           Match sysfs attribute values of the soundcard device. The relative path to sysfs tree
           must be defined by CONFIG{sysfs_device} key. Trailing whitespace in the attribute
           values is ignored, if the specified match value does not contain trailing whitespace
           itself. Depending on the type of operator, this key is also used to set the value of a
           sysfs attribute.

       ENV{key}
           Match against the value of an environment variable. Up to five ENV keys can be
           specified per rule. Depending on the type of operator, this key is also used to export
           a variable to the environment.

       PROGRAM
           Execute external program. The key is true, if the program returns without exit code
           zero. The whole event environment is available to the executed program. The program's
           output printed to stdout is available for the RESULT key.

           Several buildin commands are available:

           __ctl_search
               Search for a control. The CTL{name} key might contain match characters * and ?. An
               control index might be specified as first argument starting from zero (e.g.
               PROGRAM="__ctl_search 2").

           __ctl_count
               Search for a controls and return total count of matched ones. The CTL{name} key
               might contain match characters * and ?.

       RESULT
           Match the returned string of the last PROGRAM call. This key can be used in the same
           or in any later rule after a PROGRAM call.

       Most of the fields support a shell style pattern matching. The following pattern
       characters are supported:

       *
           Matches zero, or any number of characters.

       ?
           Matches any single character.

       []
           Matches any single character specified within the brackets. For example, the pattern
           string 'tty[SR]' would match either 'ttyS' or 'ttyR'. Ranges are also supported within
           this match with the '-' character. For example, to match on the range of all digits,
           the pattern [0-9] would be used. If the first character following the '[' is a '!',
           any characters not enclosed are matched.

       The following keys can get values assigned:

       CTL{numid}, CTL{iface}, CTL{device}, CTL{subdev}, CTL{name}, CTL{index},
           Select universal control element.

       CTL{value}
           Value is set (written) also to soundcard's control device and RESULT key is set to
           errno code. The result of set operation is always true (it means continue with next
           key on line).

       CTL{values}
           Value is set (written) also to soundcard's control device (all control values are set
           to specified value) and RESULT key is set to errno code. The result of set operation
           is always true (it means continue with next key on line).

       CTL{write}
           Value is set (written) also to soundcard's control device (all control values are set
           to specified value). The result of set operation is true when operation succeed (it
           means continue with next key on line).

       ENV{key}
           Export a variable to the environment. Depending on the type of operator, this key is
           also to match against an environment variable.

       RESULT
           Set RESULT variable. Note that PROGRAM also sets this variable, but setting this
           variable manually might be useful to change code execution order (included files).

       LABEL
           Named label where a GOTO can jump to.

       GOTO
           Jumps to the next LABEL with a matching name. The goto cannot jump backward.

       INCLUDE
           Include the specified filename or files in specified directory.

           When a directory is specified, only the files with the extension ".conf" are read.
           Also they are read in the alphabetical order. Thus it's highly recommended to use some
           number prefix (e.g. "01-something.conf") to assure the order of execucions.

       ACCESS
           Check if specified file or directory exists

       CONFIG{sysfs_device}
           The relative path to sysfs subsystem specifying the root directory of a soundcard
           device. Usually, it should be set to "/class/sound/card$cardinfo{card}/device".

       PRINT
           PRINT value to stdout.

       ERROR
           PRINT value to stderr.

       EXIT
           Exit immediately and set program exit code to value (should be integer). If value is
           "return" string, parser leaves current included file and returns to parent
           configuration file.

       The PROGRAM, RESULT, CTL{value}, PRINT, ERROR, EXIT, CONFIG{} fields support simple
       printf-like string substitutions. It allows the use of the complete environment set by
       earlier matching rules. For all other fields, substitutions are applied while the
       individual rule is being processed. The available substitutions are:

       $cardinfo{attribute}, %i{attribute}
           See CARDINFO{} for more details.

       $ctl{attribute}, %C{attribute}
           See CTL{} for more details.

       $attr{file}, %s{file}
           The value of a sysfs attribute found at the device, where all keys of the rule have
           matched. If the attribute is a symlink, the last element of the symlink target is
           returned as the value.

       $env{key}, %E{key}
           The value of an environment variable.

       $result, %c
           The string returned by the external program requested with PROGRAM. A single part of
           the string, separated by a space character may be selected by specifying the part
           number as an attribute: %c{N}. If the number is followed by the '+' char this part
           plus all remaining parts of the result string are substituted: %c{N+}

       $sysfsroot, %r
           Root directory where sysfs file-system is mounted. Ususally, this value is just
           "/sys".

       $config{key}, %g{key}
           The value of a configuration variable. See CONFIG{} for more details.

       %%
           The '%' character itself.

       $$
           The '$' character itself.

       The count of characters to be substituted may be limited by specifying the format length
       value. For example, '%3s{file}' will only insert the first three characters of the sysfs
       attribute

AUTHOR

       Written by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>

       Some portions are written by Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> and Kay Sievers
       <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>.

SEE ALSO

       alsactl(1)