Provided by: dvdauthor_0.7.2-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       video_format - Proposal For A Video Format Preference Specification

DESCRIPTION

       A  number  of  different  programs  that  create  or work with video material need to know
       whether to generate their output in NTSC or PAL format. The ones that I’ve  seen  seem  to
       have  a  hard-coded preference for one unless the user specifies the other. Overriding the
       default every time you want to use these programs gets tiresome.

       Therefore, there needs to be a way for the user to configure a single  default  that  will
       apply  to  all  these  programs. This default should be settable on a per-user basis and a
       systemwide basis, with the per-user setting overriding the systemwide one, as is usual. It
       makes  sense  to avoid dotfile clutter by following, at least to some extent, the XDG Base
       Directory Specification http://standards.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/latest/.

       The preference setting shall consist of the single word “NTSC” or “PAL”  (without  quotes,
       might  as well be case-insensitive). This can be specified in the following ways, in order
       of decreasing priority:

       · As the value of the environment variable VIDEO_FORMAT

       · As  the  contents  of  the  user-specific   file   $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/video_format,   with
         $XDG_CONFIG_HOME defaulting to $HOME/.config if not defined.

       · As  the  contents of a systemwide file dir/video_format, where dir is taken in turn from
         the colon-separated items in the value of $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS until the file is  found,  or
         if $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS is not defined, then the single directory /etc.

       The  application  should  use  the first of these settings that it finds, searching in the
       specified order.

       Note: the XDG Base Dir spec says systemwide config files should go in  /etc/xdg.  I'm  not
       sure  why this is, since lots of other apps put systemwide config in other places in /etc.
       Particularly since the spec doesn’t similarly restrict shared read-only data to  just  one
       subdirectory of /usr/share.

DISCUSSION

       Can  this  spec  apply to both standard-definition and high-definition video? For standard
       definition, there is a difference of frame size, being 720 by 480 for NTSC and 720 by  576
       for  PAL  (in both cases, the aspect ratio of the displayed image is always 4:3). But this
       doesn’t seem to matter  for  high  definition.  For  both  standard-definition  and  high-
       definition,  there  is a difference of frame rates, based around 29.97 fps for NTSC and 25
       fps for PAL.

       Note also that if a config file earlier in the search contains  an  invalid  setting,  the
       search does not continue even if another, later config file might contain a valid setting.
       This allows the user to override a system default with “no default”. Is this important?  I
       think it could be.

REFERENCE IMPLEMENTATION

       The  following  Python  code  implements  a  routine  called get_default_video_format that
       returns either one of the strings “NTSC” or “PAL”  indicating  the  user/system-configured
       default format as per the spec above, or None if the default is invalid or not configured.

           class xdg_base_dir :
               "Implementation of relevant parts of the XDG Base Directory specification" \
               " <http://standards.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/latest/>."
               @classmethod
               def get_config_home(self) :
                   "returns the directory for holding user-specific config files."
                   result = os.environ.get("XDG_CONFIG_HOME")
                   if result == None :
                       result = os.path.join(os.environ["HOME"], ".config")
                   #end if
                   return result
               #end get_config_home

               @classmethod
               def config_search_path(self) :
                   "returns the list of config directories to search (apart from the user area)."
                   return tuple(os.environ.get("XDG_CONFIG_DIRS", "/etc").split(":"))
                     # note spec actually says default should be /etc/xdg, but /etc is the
                     # conventional location for system config files.
               #end config_search_path

               @classmethod
               def find_first_config_path(self, path) :
                   "searches for path in all the config directory locations in order of decreasing" \
                   " priority, returning the expansion where it is first found, or None if not found."
                   paths_to_try = iter((self.get_config_home(),) + self.config_search_path())
                     # highest priority first
                   while True :
                       this_path = next(paths_to_try, None)
                       if this_path == None :
                           break
                       this_path = os.path.join(this_path, path)
                       if os.path.exists(this_path) :
                           break
                   #end while
                   return this_path
               #end find_first_config_path

           #end xdg_base_dir

           valid_video_formats = frozenset(("NTSC", "PAL"))

           def get_default_video_format() :
               video_format = os.environ.get("VIDEO_FORMAT")
               if video_format == None :
                   config_file = xdg_base_dir.find_first_config_path("video_format")
                   if config_file != None :
                       try :
                           video_format = open(config_file, "r").readline().strip()
                       except OSError :
                           video_format = None
                       #end try
                   #end if
               #end if
               if video_format != None :
                   video_format = video_format.upper()
                   if video_format not in valid_video_formats :
                       video_format = None
                   #end if
               #end if
               return video_format
           #end get_default_video_format

                                   Fri Dec 30 19:47:26 CET 2005                   VIDEO_FORMAT(7)