Provided by: cpustat_0.02.09-1_amd64 bug


       cpustat - a tool to measure CPU utilization.


       cpustat [ options ] [delay [count]]


       cpustat  is  a  program  that dumps the CPU utilization of current running tasks (that is,
       processes or kernel threads).  cpustat is useful to monitor the  activity  of  long  lived
       processes in a system, such as daemons, kernel threads as well as typical user processes.

       cpustat  shows  only the tasks that have measured any change in their CPU activity between
       each sample interval (as indicated by an increment in the CPU tick count  stats  of  utime
       and  stime in /proc/$pid/stat).  cpustat thus only reports activity of busy tasks that are
       still alive at the time of each sample snapshot and hence will not account for very  short
       lived processes that exist between each sample period.

       For  each  running  task  that has consumed some CPU during the sample time, the following
       information is displayed:

       Heading      Description
       %CPU         Total CPU used (in percent)
       %USR         CPU used in user space (in percent)
       %SYS         CPU used in system (kernel) space (in percent)
       PID          Process ID
       S            Process State
       CPU          CPU used by the process at time of sampling.
       Time         Total CPU  time  used  by  the  process  since  it
       Task         Process  command  line  information  (from process
                    cmdline or comm fields)

       cpustat was designed to try and minimize the CPU overhead of process statistics  gathering
       and reporting. It is therefore ideal for small embedded devices where CPU is limited where
       measuring CPU utilisation may affect the overall CPU statistics. For this  reason,  it  is
       not as complex as tools such as top(1) that have a more feature rich user interface.


       R        Running
       S        Sleeping
       D        Waiting, Disk Sleep
       T        Stopped
       t        Tracing stopped
       W        Paging
       X or x   Dead
       K        Wakekill
       W        Waking
       P        Parked


       cpustat options are as follow:

       -a     calculate  CPU  utilisation  based  on all CPUs. For example, if a process is using
              100% of 1 CPU and the system has 4 CPUs, then the utilisation  will  show  as  25%.
              The default is to show utilisation on a per CPU basis.

       -c     get command information from process comm field.

       -d     strip directory basename off command information.

       -D     compute and show the distribution of CPU utilisation by task and by CPU.
              By  task,  this breaks the CPU utilisation of each task into 20 ranges from minimum
              to the maximum and shows the count of tasks found at in that paricular  utilisation
              range.   Useful  to see any outliers and to characterize the typical per task usage
              of the CPU.
              By CPU, this shows the user and system CPU utilisation by per CPU.

       -g     show grand total of CPU utilisation statistics at the end of the run. This  is  the
              total cumulatave CPU used by each process, averaged over the entire run duration.

       -h     show help.

       -i     ignore cpustat in the statistics.

       -l     show long (full) command information.

       -n task_count
              only display the first task_count number of top tasks.

       -p PID only display process that matches the given PID.

       -q     run quietly, only really makes sense with -r option.

       -r csv_file
              output  gathered  data  in a comma separated values file. This can be then imported
              and graphed using your favourite open source spread  sheet.  The  %CPU  utilisation
              (system and user) for each process at each sample time is output into a table.

       -s     show short command information.

       -S     show  time  stamp. If the -r option is used then an extra column appears in the CSV
              output file with the time of day for each sample.

       -t threshold
              ignore samples where the CPU usage delta per second less than the given threshold.

       -T     calculate total CPU utilisation.

       -x     show extra CPU related statistics, namely: CPU  load  average  over  1,  5  and  10
              minutes,  CPU  frequency  (average  of  all online CPU frequencies), number of CPUs

       -X     run in curses based "top" like mode; this will make cpustat consume more CPU cycles
              as it adds on more display handling overhead.



              Dump CPU stats every second until stopped.

       cpustat -n 20 60

              Dump the top 20 CPU consuming tasks every 60 seconds until stopped.

       cpustat 10 5

              Dump CPU stats every 10 seconds just 5 times.

       cpustat -x -D -a 1 300

              Gather  stats  every  second  for  5  minutes  with  extra  CPU  stats and show CPU
              utilisation distributions per task and per CPU at the end of the run.  Also,  scale
              CPU  utilisation  by  the number of CPUs so that 100% utilisation means 100% of all
              CPUs rather than 100% of 1 CPU.


       forkstat(8), eventstat(8), vmstat(8), top(1)


       cpustat was written by Colin King <>

       This manual page was written by Colin  King  <>,  for  the  Ubuntu
       project (but may be used by others).


       Copyright © 2011-2018 Canonical Ltd.
       This  is  free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO warranty; not

                                          April 15, 2017                               CPUSTAT(8)