Provided by: iproute2_5.2.0-1ubuntu2_amd64 bug

NAME

       ip-vrf - run a command against a vrf

SYNOPSIS

       ip vrf  { COMMAND | help }

       ip vrf show [ NAME ]

       ip vrf identify [ PID ]

       ip vrf pids NAME

       ip vrf exec [ NAME ] command...

DESCRIPTION

       A VRF provides traffic isolation at layer 3 for routing, similar to how a VLAN is used to
       isolate traffic at layer 2. Fundamentally, a VRF is a separate routing table. Network
       devices are associated with a VRF by enslaving the device to the VRF. At that point
       network addresses assigned to the device are local to the VRF with host and connected
       routes moved to the table associated with the VRF.

       A process can specify a VRF using several APIs -- binding the socket to the VRF device
       using SO_BINDTODEVICE, setting the VRF association using IP_UNICAST_IF or IPV6_UNICAST_IF,
       or specifying the VRF for a specific message using IP_PKTINFO or IPV6_PKTINFO.

       By default a process is not bound to any VRF. An association can be set explicitly by
       making the program use one of the APIs mentioned above or implicitly using a helper to set
       SO_BINDTODEVICE for all IPv4 and IPv6 sockets (AF_INET and AF_INET6) when the socket is
       created. This ip-vrf command is a helper to run a command against a specific VRF with the
       VRF association inherited parent to child.

       ip vrf show [ NAME ] - Show all configured VRF

              This command lists all VRF and their corresponding table ids. If NAME is given,
              then only that VRF and table id is shown. The latter command is useful for
              scripting where the table id for a VRF is needed.

       ip vrf exec [ NAME ] cmd ... - Run cmd against the named VRF

              This command allows applications that are VRF unaware to be run against a VRF other
              than the default VRF (main table). A command can be run against the default VRF by
              passing the "default" as the VRF name. This is useful if the current shell is
              associated with another VRF (e.g, Management VRF).

              This command requires the system to be booted with cgroup v2 (e.g. with systemd,
              add systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=1 to the kernel command line).

              This command also requires to be ran as root or with the CAP_SYS_ADMIN,
              CAP_NET_ADMIN and CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE capabilities. If built with libcap and if
              capabilities are added to the ip binary program via setcap, the program will drop
              them as the first thing when invoked, unless the command is vrf exec.
              NOTE: capabilities will NOT be dropped if CAP_NET_ADMIN is set to INHERITABLE to
              avoid breaking programs with ambient capabilities that call ip.  Do not set the
              INHERITABLE flag on the ip binary itself.

       ip vrf identify [PID] - Report VRF association for process

              This command shows the VRF association of the specified process. If PID is not
              specified then the id of the current process is used.

       ip vrf pids NAME - Report processes associated with the named VRF

              This command shows all process ids that are associated with the given VRF.

CAVEATS

       This command requires a kernel compiled with CGROUPS and CGROUP_BPF enabled.

       The VRF helper *only* affects network layer sockets.

EXAMPLES

       ip vrf exec red ssh 10.100.1.254
              Executes ssh to 10.100.1.254 against the VRF red table.

SEE ALSO

       ip(8), ip-link(8), ip-address(8), ip-route(8), ip-neighbor(8)

AUTHOR

       Original Manpage by David Ahern