Provided by: krb5-sync-tools_3.1-2_amd64 bug


       krb5-sync - Synchronize passwords and status with Active Directory


       krb5-sync [-d | -e] [-p password] user

       krb5-sync -f file


       krb5-sync provides a command-line interface to the same functions provided by the password
       and status synchronization plugin.  It can push a new password to Active Directory
       (actually, to any password store that supports the Kerberos set-password protocol) or
       activate or deactivate an account in Active Directory.

       To synchronize passwords, provide the -p option and specify the password.  Note that the
       password is given on the command line and must be quoted if it contains special
       characters, and the password will be exposed to any other users on the system where this
       command is run.  This is useful primarily for testing and should not be used with
       production passwords.  Synchronization to Active Directory will be attempted based on the
       configuration in krb5.conf (see below).

       To enable or disable an account, provide the -e or -d option respectively.  These options
       can also be provided in conjunction with the -p option to take both actions at once.

       In either case, user should be the principal name for which these actions should be taken.
       user may be either unqualified or in the local realm; either way, the Active Directory
       realm in which to make changes will be taken from the krb5.conf configuration.

       Alternately, krb5-sync also supports processing actions from a file.  To do this, use the
       -f flag and give the file on the command line.  The format of the file should be as

           password | enable | disable

       where the fourth line is present only if the <action> is "password".  <account> should be
       the unqualified name of the account.  The second line should be the string "ad" to push
       the change to Windows Active Directory.  The third line should be one of "password",
       "enable", or "disable", corresponding to the -p, -e, and -d options respectively.  The
       "enable" and "disable" actions are only supported for AD.

       The file format is not particularly forgiving.  In particular, all of the keywords are
       case-sensitive and there must not be any whitespace at the beginning or end of the lines
       (except in the password, and only if that whitespace is part of the password), just a
       single newline terminating each line.

       When the -f option is given, the file will be deleted if the action was successful but
       left alone if the action failed.

       The configuration block in krb5.conf should look something like this:

           krb5-sync = {
               ad_keytab       = /etc/krb5kdc/ad-keytab
               ad_principal    = service/sync@WINDOWS.EXAMPLE.COM
               ad_realm        = WINDOWS.EXAMPLE.COM
               ad_admin_server =
               ad_ldap_base    = ou=People

       If the configuration required for an action is not given, that action will not be
       performed but will apparently succeed from the perspective of the krb5-sync utility.
       Therefore, if this utility reports success but no change is happening, double-check the
       configuration to ensure that all required options are present.

       The "ad_keytab" option specifies the location of a keytab for authenticating to the other
       realm, the "ad_principal" option specifies the principal to authenticate as (using the key
       in the keytab), and the "ad_realm" option specifies the foreign realm.  "ad_admin_server"
       is the host to contact via LDAP to push account status changes.  "ad_ldap_base" specifies
       the base tree inside Active Directory where account information is stored.  Omit the
       trailing "dc=" part; it will be added automatically from "ad_realm".

       Be aware that the "ad_instances", "ad_base_instance", and "ad_queue_only" configuration
       options that are used by the krb5-sync plugin are ignored by krb5-sync.  The krb5-sync
       command will push changes to whatever principal it was given, regardless of the normal
       limits on instances, and does not do any of the principal remapping configured with


       -d  Disable the specified user in Active Directory.  Requires that all of the ad_* options
           be set in krb5.conf.  This option may not be specified at the same time as -e.

       -e  Enable the specified user in Active Directory.  Requires that all of the ad_* options
           be set in krb5.conf.  This option may not be specified at the same time as -e.

       -f file
           Rather than perform a particular action based on a username given on the command line,
           read a queue file and take action based on it.  The format of the queue file is
           described above.  If the action fails, the file will be left alone.  If the action
           succeeds, the file will be deleted.

       -p password
           Change the user's password to password in Active Directory.


       Disable the account "jdoe" in Active Directory (using the AD configuration found in

           krb5-sync -d jdoe

       Change the password of the account "testuser" in Active Directory to "changeme":

           krb5-sync -p changeme testuser@EXAMPLE.COM

       The same, except also enable the account in Active Directory:

           krb5-sync -e -p changeme testuser

       Note that the realm for the user given on the command line is optional and ignored.

       Given a file named jdoe-ad-1168560492 containing:


       the command:

           krb5-sync -f jdoe-ad-1168560492

       will change jdoe's password to "changeme" in Active Directory and then delete the file.


       The current version of this program is available from its web page at


       Russ Allbery <>


       Copyright 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012 The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior

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