Provided by: rpm_4.14.2.1+dfsg1-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       rpm - RPM Package Manager

SYNOPSIS

   QUERYING AND VERIFYING PACKAGES:
       rpm {-q|--query} [select-options] [query-options]

       rpm --querytags

       rpm {-V|--verify} [select-options] [verify-options]

   INSTALLING, UPGRADING, AND REMOVING PACKAGES:
       rpm {-i|--install} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       rpm {-U|--upgrade} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       rpm {-F|--freshen} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       rpm {--reinstall} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       rpm {-e|--erase} [--allmatches] [--justdb] [--nodeps] [--noscripts]
           [--notriggers] [--test] PACKAGE_NAME ...

   MISCELLANEOUS:
       rpm --showrc

       rpm --setperms PACKAGE_NAME ...

       rpm --setugids PACKAGE_NAME ...

       rpm --setcaps PACKAGE_NAME ...

       rpm --restore PACKAGE_NAME ...

   select-options
        [PACKAGE_NAME]
        [-a,--all [SELECTOR]] [-f,--file FILE]
        [-g,--group GROUP] {-p,--package PACKAGE_FILE]
        [--hdrid SHA1] [--pkgid MD5] [--tid TID]
        [--querybynumber HDRNUM] [--triggeredby PACKAGE_NAME]
        [--whatprovides CAPABILITY] [--whatrequires CAPABILITY]
        [--whatrecommends CAPABILITY] [--whatsuggests CAPABILITY]
        [--whatsupplements CAPABILITY] [--whatenhances CAPABILITY]
        [--whatobsoletes CAPABILITY] [--whatconflicts CAPABILITY]

   query-options
       General:
        [--changelog] [--changes]  [--dupes] [-i,--info]
        [--last] [--qf,--queryformat QUERYFMT] [--xml]

       Dependencies:
        [--conflicts] [--enhances] [--obsoletes] [--provides]
        [--recommends] [-R,--requires] [--suggests] [--supplements]

       Files:
        [-c,--configfiles] [-d,--docfiles] [--dump] [--fileclass]
        [--filecolor] [--fileprovide][--filerequire] [--filecaps]
        [--filesbypkg] [-l,--list] [-s,--state]
        [--noartifact] [--noghost] [--noconfig

       Scripts and triggers:
        [--filetriggers] [--scripts] [--triggers,--triggerscripts]

   verify-options
        [--nodeps] [--nofiles] [--noscripts]
        [--nodigest] [--nosignature]
        [--nolinkto] [--nofiledigest] [--nosize] [--nouser]
        [--nogroup] [--nomtime] [--nomode] [--nordev]
        [--nocaps]

   install-options
        [--allfiles] [--badreloc] [--excludepath OLDPATH]
        [--excludedocs] [--force] [-h,--hash]
        [--ignoresize] [--ignorearch] [--ignoreos]
        [--includedocs] [--justdb]
        [--nodeps] [--nodigest] [--noplugins]
        [--nocaps] [--noorder]
        [--nosignature] [--noscripts] [--notriggers]
        [--oldpackage] [--percent] [--prefix NEWPATH]
        [--relocate OLDPATH=NEWPATH]
        [--replacefiles] [--replacepkgs]
        [--test]

DESCRIPTION

       rpm  is  a  powerful  Package Manager, which can be used to build, install, query, verify,
       update, and erase individual software packages.  A package consists of an archive of files
       and  meta-data  used to install and erase the archive files. The meta-data includes helper
       scripts, file attributes, and descriptive information about the package.  Packages come in
       two  varieties:  binary packages, used to encapsulate software to be installed, and source
       packages, containing the source code and recipe necessary to produce binary packages.

       One   of   the   following   basic   modes    must    be    selected:    Query,    Verify,
       Install/Upgrade/Freshen/Reinstall,  Uninstall, Set Owners/Groups, Show Querytags, and Show
       Configuration.

   GENERAL OPTIONS
       These options can be used in all the different modes.

       -?, --help
              Print a longer usage message then normal.

       --version
              Print a single line containing the version number of rpm being used.

       --quiet
              Print as little as possible - normally only error messages will be displayed.

       -v, --verbose
              Print verbose information - normally routine progress messages will be displayed.

       -vv    Print lots of ugly debugging information.

       --rcfile FILELIST
              Replace the list of configuration files to be read. Each of the files in the  colon
              separated FILELIST is read sequentially by rpm for configuration information.  Only
              the first file in the list must exist, and tildes will be expanded to the value  of
              $HOME.   The default FILELIST is /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc:/usr/lib/rpm/redhat/rpmrc:/etc/
              rpmrc:~/.rpmrc.

       --macros FILELIST
              Replace the list of macro files to be loaded.  Each  of  the  files  in  the  colon
              separated  FILELIST  is  read  sequentially by rpm for macro definitions.  Only the
              first file in the list must exist, and tildes will be  expanded  to  the  value  of
              $HOME.  The default FILELIST is /usr/lib/rpm/macros:/usr/lib/rpm/macros.d/macros.*:
              /usr/lib/rpm/platform/%{_target}/macros:/usr/lib/rpm/fileattrs/*.attr:/usr/lib/rpm/
              redhat/macros:/etc/rpm/macros.*:/etc/rpm/macros:/etc/rpm/%{_target}/macros:
              ~/.rpmmacros

       --pipe CMD
              Pipes the output of rpm to the command CMD.

       --dbpath DIRECTORY
              Use the database in DIRECTORY rather than the default path /var/lib/rpm

       --root DIRECTORY
              Use the file system tree rooted at DIRECTORY for all operations.   Note  that  this
              means  the  database  within  DIRECTORY  will be used for dependency checks and any
              scriptlet(s) (e.g.  %post if installing, or %prep if building, a package)  will  be
              run after a chroot(2) to DIRECTORY.

       -D, --define='MACRO EXPR'
              Defines MACRO with value EXPR.

       --undefine='MACRO'
              Undefines MACRO.

       -E, --eval='EXPR'
              Prints macro expansion of EXPR.

       More - less often needed - options can be found on the rpm-misc(8) man page.

   INSTALL AND UPGRADE OPTIONS
       In  these  options,  PACKAGE_FILE  can be either rpm binary file or ASCII package manifest
       (see PACKAGE SELECTION OPTIONS), and may be specified as an ftp or http URL, in which case
       the  package  will  be  downloaded  before  being  installed.  See  FTP/HTTP  OPTIONS  for
       information on rpm's internal ftp and http client support.

       The general form of an rpm install command is

       rpm {-i|--install} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       This installs a new package.

       The general form of an rpm upgrade command is

       rpm {-U|--upgrade} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       This upgrades or installs the package currently installed to a newer version.  This is the
       same  as  install,  except  all  other version(s) of the package are removed after the new
       package is installed.

       rpm {-F|--freshen} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       This will upgrade packages, but only ones for which an earlier version is installed.

       The general form of an rpm reinstall command is

       rpm {--reinstall} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ...

       This reinstalls a previously installed package.

       --allfiles
              Installs or upgrades all the missingok files in the  package,  regardless  if  they
              exist.

       --badreloc
              Used  with  --relocate,  permit  relocations  on  all  file  paths,  not just those
              OLDPATH's included in the binary package relocation hint(s).

       --excludepath OLDPATH
              Don't install files whose name begins with OLDPATH.

       --excludedocs
              Don't install any files which are marked as documentation (which includes man pages
              and texinfo documents).

       --force
              Same as using --replacepkgs, --replacefiles, and --oldpackage.

       -h, --hash
              Print  50 hash marks as the package archive is unpacked.  Use with -v|--verbose for
              a nicer display.

       --ignoresize
              Don't check mount file systems for sufficient disk  space  before  installing  this
              package.

       --ignorearch
              Allow installation or upgrading even if the architectures of the binary package and
              host don't match.

       --ignoreos
              Allow installation or upgrading even if the operating systems of the binary package
              and host don't match.

       --includedocs
              Install documentation files. This is the default behavior.

       --justdb
              Update only the database, not the filesystem.

       --nodigest
              Don't verify package or header digests when reading.

       --nomanifest
              Don't process non-package files as manifests.

       --nosignature
              Don't verify package or header signatures when reading.

       --nodeps
              Don't do a dependency check before installing or upgrading a package.

       --nocaps
              Don't set file capabilities.

       --noorder
              Don't  reorder  the packages for an install. The list of packages would normally be
              reordered to satisfy dependencies.

       --noplugins
              Do not load and execute plugins.

       --noscripts, --nopre, --nopost, --nopreun, --nopostun, --nopretrans, --noposttrans
              Don't execute the scriptlet of the same name.  The --noscripts option is equivalent
              to

              --nopre --nopost --nopreun --nopostun --nopretrans --noposttrans

              and  turns  off  the  execution  of  the corresponding %pre, %post, %preun, %postun
              %pretrans, and %posttrans scriptlet(s).

       --notriggers, --notriggerin, --notriggerun, --notriggerprein, --notriggerpostun
              Don't execute any trigger scriptlet of the named type.  The --notriggers option  is
              equivalent to

              --notriggerprein --notriggerin --notriggerun --notriggerpostun

              and turns off execution of the corresponding %triggerprein, %triggerin, %triggerun,
              and %triggerpostun scriptlet(s).

       --oldpackage
              Allow an upgrade to replace a newer package with an older one.

       --percent
              Print percentages as files are unpacked from the package archive.  This is intended
              to make rpm easy to run from other tools.

       --prefix NEWPATH
              For  relocatable  binary  packages,  translate  all  file paths that start with the
              installation prefix in the package relocation hint(s) to NEWPATH.

       --relocate OLDPATH=NEWPATH
              For relocatable binary packages, translate all file paths that start  with  OLDPATH
              in  the  package relocation hint(s) to NEWPATH.  This option can be used repeatedly
              if several OLDPATH's in the package are to be relocated.

       --replacefiles
              Install the packages even if they replace  files  from  other,  already  installed,
              packages.

       --replacepkgs
              Install the packages even if some of them are already installed on this system.

       --test Do not install the package, simply check for and report potential conflicts.

   ERASE OPTIONS
       The general form of an rpm erase command is

       rpm   {-e|--erase}   [--allmatches]  [--justdb]  [--nodeps]  [--noscripts]  [--notriggers]
       [--test] PACKAGE_NAME ...

       The following options may also be used:

       --allmatches
              Remove all versions of the package which match PACKAGE_NAME. Normally an  error  is
              issued if PACKAGE_NAME matches multiple packages.

       --justdb
              Update only the database, not the filesystem.

       --nodeps
              Don't check dependencies before uninstalling the packages.

       --noscripts, --nopreun, --nopostun
              Don't  execute  the  scriptlet  of  the  same  name.  The --noscripts option during
              package erase is equivalent to

              --nopreun --nopostun

              and turns off the execution of the corresponding %preun, and %postun scriptlet(s).

       --notriggers, --notriggerun, --notriggerpostun
              Don't execute any trigger scriptlet of the named type.  The --notriggers option  is
              equivalent to

              --notriggerun --notriggerpostun

              and  turns  off  execution  of  the  corresponding  %triggerun,  and %triggerpostun
              scriptlet(s).

       --test Don't  really  uninstall  anything,  just  go  through  the  motions.   Useful   in
              conjunction with the -vv option for debugging.

   QUERY OPTIONS
       The general form of an rpm query command is

       rpm {-q|--query} [select-options] [query-options]

       You  may specify the format that package information should be printed in. To do this, you
       use the

        --qf|--queryformat QUERYFMT

       option, followed by the QUERYFMT format string.  Query formats are  modified  versions  of
       the  standard  printf(3)  formatting.  The  format is made up of static strings (which may
       include standard C character escapes for newlines, tabs, and other special characters) and
       printf(3)  type  formatters.   As  rpm already knows the type to print, the type specifier
       must be omitted however, and replaced by the  name  of  the  header  tag  to  be  printed,
       enclosed by {} characters. Tag names are case insensitive, and the leading RPMTAG_ portion
       of the tag name may be omitted as well.

       Alternate output formats may be requested by following the tag with :typetag.   Currently,
       the following types are supported:

       :armor Wrap a public key in ASCII armor.

       :arraysize
              Display number of elements in array tags.

       :base64
              Encode binary data using base64.

       :date  Use strftime(3) "%c" format.

       :day   Use strftime(3) "%a %b %d %Y" format.

       :depflags
              Format dependency comparison operator.

       :deptype
              Format dependency type.

       :expand
              Perform macro expansion.

       :fflags
              Format file flags.

       :fstate
              Format file state.

       :fstatus
              Format file verify status.

       :hex   Format in hexadecimal.

       :octal Format in octal.

       :humaniec
              Human readable number (in IEC 80000). The suffix K = 1024, M = 1048576, ...

       :humansi
              Human readable number (in SI). The suffix K = 1000, M = 1000000, ...

       :perms Format file permissions.

       :pgpsig
              Display signature fingerprint and time.

       :shescape
              Escape single quotes for use in a script.

       :triggertype
              Display trigger suffix.

       :vflags
              File verification flags.

       :xml   Wrap data in simple xml markup.

       For example, to print only the names of the packages queried, you could use %{NAME} as the
       format string.  To print the packages name and distribution information  in  two  columns,
       you  could  use  %-30{NAME}%{DISTRIBUTION}.   rpm  will print a list of all of the tags it
       knows about when it is invoked with the --querytags argument.

       There are two  subsets  of  options  for  querying:  package  selection,  and  information
       selection.

   PACKAGE SELECTION OPTIONS:
       PACKAGE_NAME
              Query  installed  package named PACKAGE_NAME. To specify the package more precisely
              the package name may be followed  by  the  version  or  version  and  release  both
              separated  by  a dash or an architecture name separated by a dot. See the output of
              rpm -qa or rpm -qp PACKAGE_FILE as an example.

       -a, --all [SELECTOR]
              Query all installed packages.

              An optional SELECTOR in the form of tag=pattern  can  be  provided  to  narrow  the
              selection, for example name="b*" to query packages whose name starts with "b".

       --dupes
              List duplicated packages.

       -f, --file FILE
              Query package owning FILE.

       --filecaps
              List file names with POSIX1.e capabilities.

       --fileclass
              List file names with their classes (libmagic classification).

       --filecolor
              List file names with their colors (0 for noarch, 1 for 32bit, 2 for 64 bit).

       --fileprovide
              List file names with their provides.

       --filerequire
              List file names with their requires.

       -g, --group GROUP
              Query packages with the group of GROUP.

       --hdrid SHA1
              Query  package that contains a given header identifier, i.e. the SHA1 digest of the
              immutable header region.

       -p, --package PACKAGE_FILE
              Query an (uninstalled) package PACKAGE_FILE.  The PACKAGE_FILE may be specified  as
              an  ftp  or http style URL, in which case the package header will be downloaded and
              queried.  See FTP/HTTP OPTIONS for information  on  rpm's  internal  ftp  and  http
              client  support.  The  PACKAGE_FILE  argument(s),  if not a binary package, will be
              interpreted as an ASCII package manifest unless --nomanifest option  is  used.   In
              manifests,  comments are permitted, starting with a '#', and each line of a package
              manifest file may include white space separated glob expressions, including  URL's,
              that  will  be  expanded  to  paths  that  are  substituted in place of the package
              manifest as additional PACKAGE_FILE arguments to the query.

       --pkgid MD5
              Query package that contains a given package identifier, i.e. the MD5 digest of  the
              combined header and payload contents.

       --querybynumber HDRNUM
              Query the HDRNUMth database entry directly; this is useful only for debugging.

       --specfile SPECFILE
              Parse  and query SPECFILE as if it were a package. Although not all the information
              (e.g. file lists) is available, this type of  query  permits  rpm  to  be  used  to
              extract information from spec files without having to write a specfile parser.

       --tid TID
              Query package(s) that have a given TID transaction identifier. A unix time stamp is
              currently used as a transaction identifier.  All  package(s)  installed  or  erased
              within a single transaction have a common identifier.

       --triggeredby PACKAGE_NAME
              Query packages that are triggered by package(s) PACKAGE_NAME.

       --whatobsoletes CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that obsolete CAPABILITY for proper functioning.

       --whatprovides CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that provide the CAPABILITY capability.

       --whatrequires CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that require CAPABILITY for proper functioning.

       --whatconflicts CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that conflict with CAPABILITY.

       --whatrecommends CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that recommend CAPABILITY.

       --whatsuggests CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that suggest CAPABILITY.

       --whatsupplements CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that supplement CAPABILITY.

       --whatenhances CAPABILITY
              Query all packages that enhance CAPABILITY.

   PACKAGE QUERY OPTIONS:
       -d, --artifactfiles
              List only artifact files (implies -l).

       --changelog
              Display change information for the package.

       --changes
              Display change information for the package with full time stamps.

       -c, --configfiles
              List only configuration files (implies -l).

       --conflicts
              List capabilities this package conflicts with.

       -d, --docfiles
              List only documentation files (implies -l).

       --dump Dump file information as follows (implies -l):

              path size mtime digest mode owner group isconfig isdoc rdev symlink

       --enhances
              List capabilities enhanced by package(s)

       --filesbypkg
              List all the files in each selected package.

       --filetriggers
              List filetrigger scriptlets from package(s).

       -i, --info
              Display  package  information, including name, version, and description.  This uses
              the --queryformat if one was specified.

       --last Orders the package listing by install time such that the latest packages are at the
              top.

       -L, --licensefiles
              List only license files (implies -l).

       -l, --list
              List files in package.

       --obsoletes
              List packages this package obsoletes.

       --provides
              List capabilities this package provides.

       --recommends
              List capabilities recommended by package(s)

       -R, --requires
              List capabilities on which this package depends.

       --suggests
              List capabilities suggested by package(s)

       --supplements
              List capabilities supplemented by package(s)

       --scripts
              List  the  package  specific scriptlet(s) that are used as part of the installation
              and uninstallation processes.

       -s, --state
              Display the states of files in the package (implies -l).  The state of each file is
              one of normal, not installed, or replaced.

       --triggers, --triggerscripts
              Display the trigger scripts, if any, which are contained in the package.

       --noartifact
              Don't  display  artifact  files.   --noghost  Don't  display ghost files. Useful in
              combination with option --list.

       --noconfig
              Don't display config files.

       --xml  Format package headers as XML.

   VERIFY OPTIONS
       The general form of an rpm verify command is

       rpm {-V|--verify} [select-options] [verify-options]

       Verifying a package compares information about the installed files  in  the  package  with
       information  about  the  files taken from the package metadata stored in the rpm database.
       Among other things, verifying compares the size,  digest,  permissions,  type,  owner  and
       group  of each file.  Any discrepancies are displayed.  Files that were not installed from
       the  package,  for  example,  documentation  files  excluded  on  installation  using  the
       "--excludedocs" option, will be silently ignored.

       The  package  selection  options  are  the same as for package querying (including package
       manifest files as arguments).  Other options unique to verify mode are:

       --nodeps
              Don't verify dependencies of packages.

       --nodigest
              Don't verify package or header digests when reading.

       --nofiles
              Don't verify any attributes of package files.

       --noghost
              Don't verify ghost files.

       --noconfig
              Don't verify config files.

       --noscripts
              Don't execute the %verifyscript scriptlet (if any).

       --nosignature
              Don't verify package or header signatures when reading.

       --nolinkto

       --nofiledigest (formerly --nomd5)

       --nosize

       --nouser

       --nogroup

       --nomtime

       --nomode

       --nordev
              Don't verify the corresponding file attribute.

       --nocaps
              Don't verify file capabilities.

       The format of the output is a string of 9 characters, a possible attribute marker:

       c %config configuration file.
       d %doc documentation file.
       g %ghost file (i.e. the file contents are not included in the package payload).
       l %license license file.
       r %readme readme file.

       from the package header, followed by the file name.  Each of the 9 characters denotes  the
       result  of  a  comparison  of  attribute(s) of the file to the value of those attribute(s)
       recorded in the database.  A single "." (period) means the test passed, while a single "?"
       (question  mark)  indicates the test could not be performed (e.g. file permissions prevent
       reading). Otherwise, the  (mnemonically  emBoldened)  character  denotes  failure  of  the
       corresponding --verify test:

       S file Size differs
       M Mode differs (includes permissions and file type)
       5 digest (formerly MD5 sum) differs
       D Device major/minor number mismatch
       L readLink(2) path mismatch
       U User ownership differs
       G Group ownership differs
       T mTime differs
       P caPabilities differ

   MISCELLANEOUS COMMANDS
       rpm --showrc
              shows the values rpm will use for all of the options are currently set in rpmrc and
              macros configuration file(s).

       rpm --setperms PACKAGE_NAME
              sets permissions of files in the given package. Consider using --restore instead.

       rpm --setugids PACKAGE_NAME
              sets user/group ownership of files in the given package. This  command  can  change
              permissions  and  capabilities of files in that package. In most cases it is better
              to use --restore instead.

       rpm --setcaps PACKAGE_NAME
              sets capabilities of files in the given package. Consider using --restore instead.

       rpm --restore PACKAGE_NAME
              The option restores owner, group, permissions and  capabilities  of  files  in  the
              given package.

       Options --setperms, --setugids, --setcaps and
              --restore are mutually exclusive.

   FTP/HTTP OPTIONS
       rpm can act as an FTP and/or HTTP client so that packages can be queried or installed from
       the internet.  Package files for install, upgrade, and query operations may  be  specified
       as an ftp or http style URL:

       ftp://USER:PASSWORD@HOST:PORT/path/to/package.rpm

       If  the  :PASSWORD  portion  is  omitted,  the  password  will  be  prompted for (once per
       user/hostname pair). If both the user and password are omitted, anonymous ftp is used.  In
       all cases, passive (PASV) ftp transfers are performed.

       rpm allows the following options to be used with ftp URLs:

       --ftpproxy HOST
              The  host  HOST  will be used as a proxy server for all ftp transfers, which allows
              users to ftp through firewall machines which use proxy  systems.  This  option  may
              also be specified by configuring the macro %_ftpproxy.

       --ftpport PORT
              The  TCP  PORT number to use for the ftp connection on the proxy ftp server instead
              of the default port. This option may also be specified  by  configuring  the  macro
              %_ftpport.

       rpm allows the following options to be used with http URLs:

       --httpproxy HOST
              The  host  HOST  will be used as a proxy server for all http transfers. This option
              may also be specified by configuring the macro %_httpproxy.

       --httpport PORT
              The TCP PORT number to use for the http connection on the proxy http server instead
              of  the  default  port.  This option may also be specified by configuring the macro
              %_httpport.

LEGACY ISSUES

   Executing rpmbuild
       The build modes of rpm are now resident in the /usr/bin/rpmbuild executable.  Install  the
       package  containing  rpmbuild (usually rpm-build) and see rpmbuild(8) for documentation of
       all the rpm build modes.

FILES

   rpmrc Configuration
       /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc
       /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/rpmrc
       /etc/rpmrc
       ~/.rpmrc

   Macro Configuration
       /usr/lib/rpm/macros
       /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/macros
       /etc/rpm/macros
       ~/.rpmmacros

   Database
       /var/lib/rpm/Basenames
       /var/lib/rpm/Conflictname
       /var/lib/rpm/Dirnames
       /var/lib/rpm/Group
       /var/lib/rpm/Installtid
       /var/lib/rpm/Name
       /var/lib/rpm/Obsoletename
       /var/lib/rpm/Packages
       /var/lib/rpm/Providename
       /var/lib/rpm/Requirename
       /var/lib/rpm/Sha1header
       /var/lib/rpm/Sigmd5
       /var/lib/rpm/Triggername

   Temporary
       /var/tmp/rpm*

SEE ALSO

       rpm-misc(8)(3),
       popt(3),
       rpm2cpio(8),
       rpmbuild(8),
       rpmdb(8),
       rpmkeys(8),
       rpmsign(8),
       rpmspec(8),

       rpm --help - as rpm supports customizing the options via popt aliases it's  impossible  to
       guarantee that what's described in the manual matches what's available.

       http://www.rpm.org/ <URL:http://www.rpm.org/>

AUTHORS

       Marc Ewing <marc@redhat.com>
       Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com>
       Erik Troan <ewt@redhat.com>