Provided by: sane-utils_1.0.27-3.2ubuntu3_amd64 bug


       saned - SANE network daemon


       saned [ -a [ username ] | -d [ n ] | -s [ n ] | -h ]


       saned  is  the  SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) daemon that allows remote clients to access
       image acquisition devices available on the local host.


       The -a flag requests that saned run in standalone daemon mode. In this  mode,  saned  will
       detach  from  the  console  and  run  in  the  background,  listening  for incoming client
       connections; inetd is not required for saned operations in  this  mode.  If  the  optional
       username  is  given  after  -a , saned will drop root privileges and run as this user (and

       The -d and -s flags request that saned run in debug mode (as opposed  to  inetd(8)  daemon
       mode).  In this mode, saned explicitly waits for a connection request.  When compiled with
       debugging enabled, these flags may be followed by a number  to  request  debug  info.  The
       larger  the  number, the more verbose the debug output.  E.g., -d128 will request printing
       of all debug info. Debug level 0 means no debug output at all. The default value is 2.  If
       flag  -d  is  used,  the  debug messages will be printed to stderr while -s requests using

       If saned is run from inetd, xinetd or systemd, no option can be given.

       The -h flag displays a short help message.


       First and foremost: saned is not intended to be exposed to  the  internet  or  other  non-
       trusted networks. Make sure that access is limited by tcpwrappers and/or a firewall setup.
       Don't depend only on saned's own authentication. Don't run  saned  as  root  if  it's  not
       necessary. And do not install saned as setuid root.

       The  saned.conf  configuration  file  contains  both options for the daemon and the access

       data_portrange = min_port - max_port
              Specify the port range to use for the data connection. Pick a  port  range  between
              1024  and  65535;  don't  pick  a  too large port range, as it may have performance
              issues. Use this option if your saned server is sitting behind a firewall. If  that
              firewall   is   a   Linux  machine,  we  strongly  recommend  using  the  Netfilter
              nf_conntrack_sane module instead.

       The access list is a list of host names, IP addresses or IP subnets (CIDR  notation)  that
       are  permitted to use local SANE devices. IPv6 addresses must be enclosed in brackets, and
       should always be specified in their compressed form. Connections from localhost are always
       permitted.  Empty  lines  and  lines  starting  with  a  hash mark (#) are ignored. A line
       containing the single character ``+'' is interpreted to match any  hostname.  This  allows
       any  remote machine to use your scanner and may present a security risk, so this shouldn't
       be used unless you know what you're doing.

       A sample configuration file is shown below:

              # Daemon options
              data_portrange = 10000 - 10100
              # Access list
              # this is a comment

       The case of the host names does not  matter,  so  AHost.COM  is  considered  identical  to


       For  saned  to work properly in its default mode of operation, it is also necessary to add
       the appropriate configuration for (x)inetd or systemd.  (see below).  Note that your inetd
       must  support  IPv6  if you want to connect to saned over IPv6 ; xinetd, openbsd-inetd and
       systemd are known to support IPv6, check the documentation for your inetd daemon.

       In the sections below the configuration for inetd, xinetd and  systemd  are  described  in
       more detail.

       For  the  configurations  below  it  is  necessary  to add a line of the following form to

              sane-port 6566/tcp # SANE network scanner daemon

       The official IANA short name for port 6566 is "sane-port". The older name  "sane"  is  now


       It is required to add a single line to the inetd configuration file (/etc/inetd.conf)

       The configuration line normally looks like this:

              sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned @SBINDIR@/saned saned

       However,  if  your  system uses tcpd(8) for additional security screening, you may want to
       disable saned access control by putting  ``+''  in  saned.conf  and  use  a  line  of  the
       following form in /etc/inetd.conf instead:

              sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/tcpd @SBINDIR@/saned

       Note  that  both  examples  assume  that  there is a saned group and a saned user.  If you
       follow this example, please make sure that the access permissions on  the  special  device
       are set such that saned can access the scanner (the program generally needs read and write
       access to scanner devices).


       If xinetd is installed  on  your  system  instead  of  inetd  the  following  example  for
       /etc/xinetd.conf may be helpful:

              # default: off
              # description: The sane server accepts requests
              # for network access to a local scanner via the
              # network.
              service sane-port
                 port        = 6566
                 socket_type = stream
                 wait        = no
                 user        = saned
                 group       = saned
                 server      = @SBINDIR@/saned


       Saned  can  be  compiled  with explicit systemd support. This will allow logging debugging
       information to  be  forwarded  to  the  systemd  journal.  The  systemd  support  requires
       compilation  with the systemd-devel package installed on the system. this is the preferred

       Saned can be used with systemd without the  systemd  integration  compiled  in,  but  then
       logging of debug information is not supported.

       The systemd configuration is different for the 2 options, so both are described below.

Systemd configuration for saned with systemd support compiled in

       for the systemd configuration we need to add 2 configuration files in /etc/systemd/system.

       The  first  file  we need to add here is called saned.socket.  It shall have the following

              Description=saned incoming socket



       The second file to be added is saned@.service with the following contents:

              Description=Scanner Service

              # If you need to debug your configuration uncomment the next line and
              # change it as appropriate to set the desired debug options
              # Environment=SANE_DEBUG_DLL=255 SANE_DEBUG_BJNP=5


       You need to set an environment variable for  SANE_CONFIG_DIR  pointing  to  the  directory
       where  saned  can find its configuration files.  you will have to remove the # on the last
       line and set the variables for the desired debugging information  if  required.   Multiple
       variables  can  be  set  by  separating  the assignments by spaces as shown in the example

       Unlike (x)inetd , systemd allows debugging output from backends set  using  SANE_DEBUG_XXX
       to  be  captured.  See  the  man-page for your backend to see what options are  supported.
       With the service unit as described above, the debugging output is forwarded to the  system

Systemd configuration when saned is compiled without systemd support

       This configuration will also work when Saned is compiled WITH systemd integration support,
       but it does not allow debugging information to be logged.

       for  systemd  configuration  for  saned,  we  need  to  add  2  configuration   files   in

       The first file we need to add here is called saned.socket.  It is identical to the version
       for systemd with the support compiled in.  It shall have the following contents:

              Description=saned incoming socket



       The second file to be added is saned@.service This one  differes  from  the  sersion  with
       systemd integration compiled in:

              Description=Scanner Service





              The  hosts  listed  in  this  file  are permitted to access all local SANE devices.
              Caveat: this file imposes serious security risks and its use is not recommended.

              Contains a list  of  hosts  permitted  to  access  local  SANE  devices  (see  also
              description of SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

              If this file contains lines of the form


              access to the listed backends is restricted. A backend may be listed multiple times
              for different user/password combinations. The server uses MD5 hashing if  supported
              by the client.


              This  environment  variable  specifies the list of directories that may contain the
              configuration file.  Under UNIX, the directories are separated by  a  colon  (`:'),
              under OS/2, they are separated by a semi-colon (`;').  If this variable is not set,
              the configuration file is searched in two default directories: first,  the  current
              working  directory  (".") and then in @CONFIGDIR@.  If the value of the environment
              variable ends with the directory separator character, then the default  directories
              are  searched  after  the  explicitly  specified directories.  For example, setting
              SANE_CONFIG_DIR to "/tmp/config:" would result in  directories  "tmp/config",  ".",
              and "@CONFIGDIR@" being searched (in this order).


       sane(7),     scanimage(1),     xscanimage(1),     xcam(1),    sane-dll(5),    sane-net(5),


       David Mosberger

@PACKAGEVERSION@                           20 Apr 2009                                   saned(8)