Provided by: mtd-utils_2.0.1-1ubuntu3_amd64 bug


       ubinize - a tool for generating UBI images


       ubinize  [-o  filename]  [-p  <bytes>] [-m <bytes>] [-s <bytes>] [-O <num>] [-e <num>] [-x
       <num>] [-Q <num>] [-v] [-h]  [-V]  [--output=<filename>]  [--peb-size=<bytes>]  [--min-io-
       size=<bytes>]  [--sub-page-size=<bytes>]  [--vid-hdr-offset=<num>] [--erase-counter=<num>]
       [--ubi-ver=<num>] [--image-seq=<num>] [--verbose] [--help] [--version] ini-file


       An UBI image may contain one or more UBI volumes which have to be  defined  in  the  input
       configuration  ini-file.  The ini file defines all the UBI volumes - their characteristics
       and the contents, but it does not define the characteristics of the flash the UBI image is
       generated  for.  Instead,  the  flash  characteristics  are  defined  via the command-line
       options. Note, if not sure about some of the command-line parameters, do not specify  them
       and let the utility use default values.


       -o, --output=file
              Specify output file

       -p, --peb-size=bytes
              Size  of  the  physical  eraseblock  of  the flash this UBI image is created for in
              bytes, kilobytes (KiB), or megabytes (MiB). This parameter is mandatory.

       -m, --min-io-size=bytes
              Minimum input/output unit size of the flash in bytes

       -s, --sub-page-size=bytes
              Minimum input/output unit used for UBI headers, e.g. sub-page size in case of  NAND
              flash (equivalent to the minimum input/output unit size by default).

       -O, --vid-hdr-offset=num
              Offset if the VID header from start of the physical eraseblock (default is the next
              minimum I/O unit or sub-page after the EC header)

       -e, --erase-counter=num
              The erase counter value to put to EC headers (default is 0).

       -x, --ubi-ver=num
              UBI version number to put to EC headers (default is 1).

       -Q, --image-seq=num
              32-bit UBI image sequence number to use (by default a random number is picked).

       -v, --verbose
              Be verbose.

       -h, --help
              Print a help message and exit.

       -V, --version
              Print program version and exit.


       ubinize -o ubi.img -p 16KiB -m 512 -s 256 cfg.ini

       Create UBI image ubi.img as described by configuration file cfg.ini.

       A physical erase block on the flash is 16KiB in size and has 512 byte pages with 256  byte


       The  input  configuration  ini-file describes all the volumes which have to be included to
       the output UBI image. Each volume is described in its  own  section  which  may  be  named
       arbitrarily. The section consists on "key=value" pairs, for example:


       This  example  configuration file tells the utility to create an UBI image with one volume
       with ID 1, volume size 30MiB, the volume is dynamic,  has  name  jffs2_volume,  autoresize
       volume flag, and alignment 1.

       The  image=../jffs2.img line tells the utility to take the contents of the volume from the
       ../jffs2.img file. The size of the image file has to be less or equivalent to  the  volume
       size (30MiB).

       The  mode=ubi  line is mandatory and just tells that the section describes an UBI volume -
       other section modes may be added in the future.


       ·   Size in vol_size might be specified kilobytes (KiB), megabytes (MiB), gigabytes  (GiB)
           or bytes (no modifier).

       ·   If  "vol_size"  key is absent, the volume size is assumed to be equivalent to the size
           of the image file (defined by "image" key).

       ·   If the "image" is absent, the volume is assumed to be empty

       ·   Volume alignment must not be greater than the logical eraseblock size.

       ·   One ini file may contain arbitrary number of sections, the utility will  put  all  the
           volumes which are described by these section to the output UBI image file.


       Man page written by David Oberhollenzer, based on the help text of
       the ubinize utility written by Artem Bityutskiy and Oliver Lohmann.


       Report mtd-utils bugs to the Linux mtd mailing list.

       Linux mtd mailing list: <>

       Linux mtd home page: <>


       The   ubinize   command   is   part  of  the  mtd-utils  package  and  is  available  from


       Copyright © International Business Machines Corp., 2006
       Copyright © 2008 Nokia Corporation
       Copyright © 2016 sigma star gmbh

       License GPLv2: GNU GPL version 2 <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO  WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.