Provided by: unhide_20130526-3_amd64 bug

NAME

       unhide — forensic tool to find hidden processes

SYNOPSIS

       unhide [OPTIONS] TEST_LIST
       unhide-posix proc | sys

DESCRIPTION

       unhide is a forensic tool to find processes hidden by rootkits, Linux kernel modules or by
       other techniques.  It detects hidden processes using six techniques.

OPTIONS

       Options are only available for unhide-linux not for unhide-posix.

       -d     Do a double check in brute test to avoid false positive.

       -f     Write a log file (unhide-linux.log) in the current directory.

       -h     Display help

       -m     Do more checks. As of 2012-03-17 version, this  option  has  only  effect  for  the
              procfs, procall, checkopendir and checkchdir tests.
              Implies -v

       -r     Use alternate version of sysinfo check in standard tests

       -V     Show version and exit

       -v     Be  verbose, display warning message (default : don't display).  This option may be
              repeated more than once.

TEST_LIST

       The checks to do consist of one or more of the following tests.
       The standard tests are the aggregation of one or more elementary test(s).

       Standard tests :

       The brute technique consists of bruteforcing the all process IDs.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The proc technique consists of comparing /proc with the output of /bin/ps.

       The procall technique combinates proc and procfs tests.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The procfs  technique  consists  of  comparing  information  gathered  from  /bin/ps  with
       information gathered by walking in the procfs.
       With -m option, this test makes more checks, see checkchdir test.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  quick  technique  combines  the  proc, procfs and sys techniques in a quick way. It's
       about 20 times faster but may give more false positives.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The reverse technique consists of verifying that all threads seen by ps are also  seen  in
       procfs  and  by  system  calls.  It  is intended to verify that a rootkit has not killed a
       security tool (IDS or other) and make ps showing a fake process instead.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The sys technique consists of comparing information gathered from /bin/ps with information
       gathered from system calls.

       Elementary tests :

       The checkbrute technique consists of bruteforcing the all process IDs.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  checkchdir  technique  consists  of  comparing information gathered from /bin/ps with
       information gathered by making chdir() in the procfs.
       With the -m option, it also verify that the thread appears in its "leader process" threads
       list.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  checkgetaffinity  technique  consists  of comparing information gathered from /bin/ps
       with the result of call to the sched_getaffinity() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkgetparam technique consists of comparing information gathered from  /bin/ps  with
       the result of call to the sched_getparam() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  checkgetpgid  technique  consists of comparing information gathered from /bin/ps with
       the result of call to the getpgid() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkgetprio technique consists of comparing information gathered  from  /bin/ps  with
       the result of call to the getpriority() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  checkRRgetinterval  technique consists of comparing information gathered from /bin/ps
       with the result of call to the sched_rr_get_interval() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkgetsched technique consists of comparing information gathered from  /bin/ps  with
       the result of call to the sched_getscheduler() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkgetsid technique consists of comparing information gathered from /bin/ps with the
       result of call to the getsid() system function.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkkill technique consists of comparing information gathered from /bin/ps  with  the
       result of call to the kill() system function.
       Note : no process is really killed by this test.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  checknoprocps  technique  consists of comparing the result of the call to each of the
       system functions. No comparison is done against /proc or the output of ps.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkopendir technique consists of comparing information gathered  from  /bin/ps  with
       information gathered by making opendir() in the procfs.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkproc technique consists of comparing /proc with the output of /bin/ps.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkquick technique combines the proc, procfs and sys techniques in a quick way. It's
       about 20 times faster but may give more false positives.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkreaddir technique consists of comparing information gathered  from  /bin/ps  with
       information gathered by making readdir() in /proc and /proc/pid/task.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checkreverse technique consists of verifying that all threads seen by ps are also seen
       in procfs and by system calls. It is intended to verify that a rootkit has  not  killed  a
       security tool (IDS or other) and make ps showing a fake process instead.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The  checksysinfo  technique  consists  of comparing the number of process seen by /bin/ps
       with information obtained from sysinfo() system call.
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

       The checksysinfo2 technique is an alternate version of checksysinfo test.   It  might  (or
       not)  work  better on kernel patched for RT, preempt or latency and with kernel that don't
       use the standard scheduler.
       It's also invoked by standard tests when using the -r option
       This technique is only available with version unhide-linux.

   Exit status:
       0      if OK,

       1      if a hidden or fake thread is found.

EXAMPLES

       Quicker test:
              unhide quick

       Quick test:
              unhide quick reverse

       Standard test:
              unhide sys proc

       Deeper test:
              unhide -m -d sys procall brute reverse

BUGS

       Report     unhide     bugs      on      the      bug      tracker      on      sourceforge
       (http://sourceforge.net/projects/unhide/)
       With  recent  versions  of  Linux  kernel  (>  2.6.33),  the sysinfo test may report false
       positives.  It may be due to optimization in the scheduler, the use of cgroup or even  the
       use  of systemd.  The use of the PREEMPT-RT patch amplifies the occurrence of the problem.
       This is currently under investigation.

SEE ALSO

       unhide-tcp (8).

AUTHOR

       This manual page was written by Francois Marier  francois@debian.org  and  Patrick  Gouin.
       Permission  is  granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License, Version 3 or any  later  version  published  by  the  Free
       Software Foundation.

LICENSE

       License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This  is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.