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     pmap_enter — insert a virtual page into a physical map


     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <vm/vm.h>
     #include <vm/pmap.h>

     pmap_enter(pmap_t pmap, vm_offset_t va, vm_page_t m, vm_prot_t prot, u_int flags,
         int8_t psind);


     The pmap_enter() function creates a mapping in the physical map pmap from the virtual
     address va to the physical page m with the protection prot.  Any previous mapping at the
     virtual address va is destroyed.

     The flags argument may have the following values:

     VM_PROT_READ        A read access to the given virtual address triggered the call.

     VM_PROT_WRITE       A write access to the given virtual address triggered the call.

     VM_PROT_EXECUTE     An execute access to the given virtual address triggered the call.

     PMAP_ENTER_WIRED    The mapping should be marked as wired.

     PMAP_ENTER_NOSLEEP  This function may not sleep during creation of the mapping.  If the
                         mapping cannot be created without sleeping, an appropriate Mach VM error
                         is returned.
     If the PMAP_ENTER_NOSLEEP flag is not specified, this function must create the requested
     mapping before returning.  It may not fail.  In order to create the requested mapping, this
     function may destroy any non-wired mapping in any pmap.

     The psind parameter specifies the page size that should be used by the mapping.  The
     supported page sizes are described by the global array pagesizes[].  The desired page size
     is specified by passing the index of the array element that equals the desired page size.

     When the pmap_enter() function destroys or updates a managed mapping, including an existing
     mapping at virtual address va, it updates the vm_page structure corresponding to the
     previously mapped physical page.  If the physical page was accessed through the managed
     mapping, then the vm_page structure's PGA_REFERENCED aflag is set.  If the physical page was
     modified through the managed mapping, then the vm_page_dirty() function is called on the
     vm_page structure.

     The PGA_WRITEABLE aflag must be set for the page m if the new mapping is managed and
     writeable.  It is advised to clear PGA_WRITEABLE for destroyed mappings if the
     implementation can ensure that no other writeable managed mappings for the previously mapped
     pages exist.

     If the page m is managed, the page must be busied by the caller or the owning object must be
     locked.  In the later case, the PMAP_ENTER_NOSLEEP must be specified by the caller.

     The pmap_enter() function must handle the multiprocessor TLB consistency for the given


     On arm and i386 architectures the existing implementation of the pmap_enter function is
     incomplete, only value 0 for psind is supported.  Other supported architectures, except
     amd64, have pagesizes[] array of size 1.


     If successful, the pmap_enter() function returns KERN_SUCCESS.  If the PMAP_ENTER_NOSLEEP
     flag was specified and the resources required for the mapping cannot be acquired without
     sleeping, KERN_RESOURCE_SHORTAGE is returned.




     This manual page was first written by Bruce M Simpson <> and then rewritten by
     Alan Cox <> and
     Konstantin Belousov <>.