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NAME

       smbmount - 裝載一個 smbfs 文件系統

總覽 SYNOPSIS

       smbmount {service} {mount-point} [-o options]

描述 DESCRIPTION

       smbmount   可以裝載一個Linux   SMB文件系統。它通常在帶   "-t   smbfs"   選項執行  mount(8)
       命令時被作爲mount.smbfs執行。當然內核必須支持smbfs文件系統。

       smbmount使用的選項是用逗號分隔的一串key=value字串對的列表。It is possible to send  options
       other  than  those  listed  here,  assuming  that  smbfs  supports  them. If you get mount
       failures, check your kernel log for errors on unknown options.

       smbmount is a daemon. After mounting it keeps running until the mounted smbfs is umounted.
       It  will  log things that happen when in daemon mode using the "machine name" smbmount, so
       typically this output will end up in log.smbmount.  The   smbmount  process  may  also  be
       called mount.smbfs.

              注意

              smbmount        調用        smbmnt(8)來完成實際的裝載任務。你必須確保        smbmnt
              位於可以找到的路徑中。

選項 OPTIONS

       username=<arg>
              指定聯接時的用戶名。如果不指定,程序會用USER這個環境變量。這個選項也接受"user%password",
              "user/workgroup"或"user/workgroup%password"形式的參數,允許密碼和工作組作爲用戶名的一部分同時被指定。

       password=<arg>
              指定SMB口令。如果不指定,將使用環境變量PASSWD.       如果沒有指定,也沒有環境變量,
              smbmount會提示輸入口令,除非使用了guest選項。

              Note  that  passwords  which contain the argument delimiter character (i.e. a comma
              ',') will failed to be parsed correctly on the  command  line.  However,  the  same
              password  defined  in  the  PASSWD  environment variable or a credentials file (see
              below) will be read correctly.

       credentials=<filename>
              specifies a file that contains a username and/or password.  The format of the  file
              is:

              username = <value>
              password = <value>

              This  is  preferred  over  having  passwords in plaintext in a shared file, such as
              /etc/fstab. Be sure to protect any credentials file properly.

       krb    Use kerberos (Active Directory).

       netbiosname=<arg>
              設定源NetBIOS主機名。默認是本機名。

       uid=<arg>
              設定裝載的文件系統的用戶標識符。可以用用戶名或者UID數字兩種辦法來指定。

       gid=<arg>
              設定裝載的文件系統的組標識符。可以用組名或者GID數字兩種方法來指定。

       port=<arg>
              設定遠程SMB系統的端口號。默認是139。

       fmask=<arg>
              設定文件掩碼。這決定了本地文件系統中遠程文件的權限。它不是掩碼而是實際的文件權限。默認值是根據當前的umask算出來的。

       dmask=<arg>
              設定目錄掩碼。這決定了本地文件系統中遠程目錄的權限。它不是掩碼而是實際的目錄權限。默認值是根據當前的umask算出來的。

       debug=<arg>
              設定調試等級。對於跟蹤SMB的聯接問題非常有用。                          建議的值是4.
              如果設置得過高,會產生大量輸出,可能會掩蓋有用的輸出。

       ip=<arg>
              設定目標主機或IP地址。

       workgroup=<arg>
              設定目的工作組。

       sockopt=<arg>
              設定TCP套接字的一些選項。參見smb.conf(5)配置文件中的socket options選項。

       scope=<arg>
              設定NetBIOS範圍。

       guest  不提示口令

       ro     以只讀方式裝載。

       rw     以讀寫方式裝載。

       iocharset=<arg>
              sets the charset used by the Linux side for codepage to charset translations (NLS).
              Argument should be the name of a charset, like iso8859-1. (Note: only kernel  2.4.0
              or later)

       codepage=<arg>
              sets  the  codepage the server uses. See the iocharset option. Example value cp850.
              (Note: only kernel 2.4.0 or later)

       ttl=<arg>
              sets how  long  a  directory  listing  is  cached  in  milliseconds  (also  affects
              visibility of file size and date changes). A higher value means that changes on the
              server take longer to be noticed but  it  can  give  better  performance  on  large
              directories,  especially  over long distances. Default is 1000ms but something like
              10000ms (10 seconds) is probably more reasonable in many cases. (Note: only  kernel
              2.4.2 or later)

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

       The  variable  USER  may  contain  the  username  of  the  person  using  the client. This
       information is used only if the protocol level is high  enough  to  support  session-level
       passwords.  The variable can be used to set both username and password by using the format
       username%password.

       The variable PASSWD may contain  the  password  of  the  person  using  the  client.  This
       information  is  used  only  if the protocol level is high enough to support session-level
       passwords.

       The variable PASSWD_FILE may contain the pathname of a file to read the password  from.  A
       single line of input is read and used as the password.

BUGS

       Passwords  and other options containing , can not be handled. For passwords an alternative
       way of passing them is in a credentials file or in the PASSWD environment.

       The credentials file does not handle usernames or passwords with leading space.

       One smbfs bug is important enough to mention here, even if it is a bit misplaced:

       ·  Mounts sometimes stop working. This is usually caused by  smbmount  terminating.  Since
          smbfs  needs  smbmount  to  reconnect  when  the  server  disconnects,  the  mount will
          eventually go dead. An umount/mount normally fixes this. At least  2  ways  to  trigger
          this bug are known.

       Note  that  the  typical  response to a bug report is suggestion to try the latest version
       first. So please try doing that first, and  always  include  which  versions  you  use  of
       relevant software when reporting bugs (minimum: samba, kernel, distribution)

SEE ALSO

       Documentation/filesystems/smbfs.txt in the linux kernel source tree may contain additional
       options and information.

       FreeBSD also has a smbfs, but it is not related to smbmount

       For Solaris, HP-UX and others you may want to look at smbsh(1) or at other solutions, such
       as Sharity or perhaps replacing the SMB server with a NFS server.

作者 AUTHOR

       samba軟件和相關工具最初由Andrew             Tridgell創建。samba現在由Samba            Team
       作爲開源軟件來發展,類似linux內核的開發方式。

       最初的samba手冊頁是                            Karl                             Auer寫的。
       手冊頁源碼已經轉換爲YODL格式(另一種很好的開源軟件,可以在ftp://ftp.ice.rug.nl/pub/unix找到),由Jeremy
       Sllison 更新到Samba2.0 版本。 Gerald Carter 在Samba2.2中將它轉化爲DocBook 格式。 Alexander
       Bokovoy 在Samba 3.0中實現了DocBook XML4.2 格式的轉換。

[中文版維護人]

       meaculpa <meaculpa@21cn.com>

[中文版最新更新]

       2000/12/08

《中國linux論壇man手冊頁翻譯計劃》:

       http://cmpp.linuxforum.net

       

       本頁面中文版由中文 man 手冊頁計劃提供。
       中文 man 手冊頁計劃:https://github.com/man-pages-zh/manpages-zh

                                                                                      SMBMOUNT(8)