Provided by: ddd_3.3.12-5.2build1_amd64 bug


       ddd - The Data Display Debugger


       ddd    [--help] [--gdb] [--dbx] [--ladebug] [--wdb] [--xdb] [--jdb] [--pydb] [--perl]
              [--debugger name] [--[r]host [[username@]hostname]] [--trace] [--version]
              [--configuration] [options...] [prog[core|procID]]

       but usually just

       ddd    program


       DDD is a graphical front-end for GDB and other command-line debuggers.  Using DDD, you can
       see what is going on “inside” another program while it executes—or  what  another  program
       was doing at the moment it crashed.

       DDD  can  do four main kinds of things (plus other things in support of these) to help you
       catch bugs in the act:

       · Start your program, specifying anything that might affect its behavior.

       · Make your program stop on specified conditions.

       · Examine what has happened, when your program has stopped.

       · Change things in your program, so you can experiment with correcting the effects of  one
         bug and go on to learn about another.

       “Classical” UNIX debuggers such as the GNU debugger (GDB) provide a command-line interface
       and a multitude of commands for these and other debugging purposes.  DDD is a  comfortable
       graphical  user interface around an inferior GDB, DBX, Ladebug, XDB, JDB, Python debugger,
       or Perl debugger.

       DDD is invoked with the shell command ddd.  You can open a program to  be  debugged  using
       `File→Open  Program' (the `Open Program' item in the `File' menu.  You can get online help
       at any time using the `Help' menu; for the first steps, try `Help→What  Now?'.   Quit  DDD
       using `File→Exit'.

       More  information  on  DDD  is  contained  in  the DDD Manual.  You can read the text-only
       version in DDD (via `Help→DDD Reference') or in Emacs (as Info file).  Full-fledged  HTML,
       PostScript, and PDF versions are available online via the DDD WWW page,


       These  are  the  most  important  options  used  when  starting  DDD.   All options may be
       abbreviated, as long as they are unambiguous; single dashes may also be  used.   DDD  also
       understands the usual X options such as `-display' or `-geometry'; see X(1) for details.

       All arguments and options not handled by DDD are passed to the inferior debugger.  To pass
       an option to the inferior debugger that conflicts with an X option, or with a  DDD  option
       listed here, use the `--debugger' option, below.

              Show the DDD configuration settings and exit.

       --dbx  Run the DBX debugger as inferior debugger.

       --debugger name
              Invoke  the  inferior  debugger  name.  This is useful if you have several debugger
              versions around, or if the inferior debugger cannot be  invoked  as  `gdb',  `dbx',
              `xdb', `jdb', `pydb', or `perl' respectively.
              This  option  can  also be used to pass options to the inferior debugger that would
              otherwise conflict with  DDD  options.   For  instance,  to  pass  the  option  `-d
              directory' to XDB, use:

                ddd --debugger "xdb -d directory"

              If  you  use the `--debugger' option, be sure that the type of inferior debugger is
              specified as well.  That is, use one of  the  options  `--gdb',  `--dbx',  `--xdb',
              `--jdb' `--pydb', or `--perl' (unless the default setting works fine).

       --gdb  Run the GDB debugger as inferior debugger.

       --help Give  a  list of frequently used options.  Show options of the inferior debugger as

       --host [username@]hostname
              Invoke the inferior debugger directly on the remote host hostname.  If username  is
              given and the `--login' option is not used, use username as remote user name.

       --jdb  Run JDB as inferior debugger.

              Run Ladebug as inferior debugger.

       --perl Run Perl as inferior debugger.

       --pydb Run PYDB as inferior debugger.

       --rhost [username@]hostname
              Run  the  inferior debugger interactively on the remote host hostname.  If username
              is given and the `--login' option is not used, use username as remote user name.

              Show the interaction between DDD and the inferior debugger on standard error.  This
              is  useful  for  debugging DDD.  If `--trace' is not specified, this information is
              written into `$HOME/.ddd/log', such that you can also do a post-mortem debugging.

              Show the DDD version and exit.

       --wdb  Run the WDB debugger as inferior debugger.

       --xdb  Run XDB as inferior debugger.

       A full list of options, including important options of the inferior debugger, can be found
       in the DDD manual.


       X(1), gdb(1), dbx(1), wdb(1), xdb(1), perldebug(1)

       `ddd' entry in info.

       `gdb' entry in info.

       Debugging with DDD: User's Guide and Reference Manual, by Andreas Zeller.

       Using  GDB: A Guide to the GNU Source-Level Debugger, by Richard M. Stallman and Roland H.

       Java   Language   Debugging,   at    (and    its    mirrors)    in

       The Python Language, at and its mirrors.

       DDD—A  Free  Graphical  Front-End  for  UNIX  Debuggers,  by  Andreas  Zeller and Dorothea
       Luetkehaus, Computer Science Report 95-07, Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, 1995.

       DDD  ein Debugger mit  graphischer  Datendarstellung,  by  Dorothea  Luetkehaus,  Diploma
       Thesis, Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, 1994.

       The DDD FTP site,

       The DDD WWW page,

       The DDD Mailing List,

       For more information on this list, send a mail to



       This  manual  page  is  Copyright © 2001 Universitaet Passau, Germany and © 2001-2004 Free
       Software Foundation, Inc.

       Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual page  provided
       the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies.

       Permission  is  granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual page under
       the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting  derived  work  is
       distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this manual page into another
       language, under the above conditions for modified versions, except  that  this  permission
       notice may be included in translations approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of
       in the original English.