Provided by: flip_1.20-4_amd64 bug


       flip, toms, toix - do newline conversions between **IX and MS-DOS


       flip -h
       flip [ -umvtsbz] file ...
       flip [ -umvtsbz] -
       toix [ -vtsbz] file ...
       toms [ -vtsbz] file ...


       flip  is  a  file interchange program that converts text file formats between **ix and MS-
       DOS.  It converts lines ending with carriage-return (CR) and linefeed (LF) to lines ending
       with  just  linefeed,  or vice versa.  If the special argument "-" is given, input is read
       from stdin and written to stdout.

       flip has the following features:

              flip will normally refuse to convert binary files.  You can override this.

              When asked to convert a file to the same format that it already has, flip causes no
              change to the file.  Thus to convert all files to **IX format you can type

                                  flip -u *

              and  all  files  will end up right, regardless of whether they were in MS-DOS or in
              **IX format to begin with.  This also works in the opposite direction.

              If a file contains isolated CR characters for  underlining  or  overprinting,  flip
              does not change them.

              flip preserves file timestamps.  You can override this.

              flip preserves file permissions.

              flip  is  written  in  C and will compile and run under MS-DOS/Turbo C, 4.3BSD, and
              System V.

              flip accepts wildcards and multiple filenames on the command line.

              If a user interrupt aborts flip, it does not leave  behind  any  garbage  files  or
              cause corruption of the files being converted.

              When  converting  from  MS-DOS  to **IX format, flip removes any trailing control Z
              (the last character  in  the  file),  but  leaves  embedded  control  Z  characters
              unchanged.  This minimizes the possibility of accidentally converting a binary file
              that contains a control Z near the beginning.  You can override this and  ask  flip
              to recognize the first control Z found as end-of-file.

              flip can be asked to strip the high (parity) bit as it converts a file.

       flip is normally invoked as:
                      flip -umhvtb file ...
       One  of  -u, -m, or -h is required.  Switches may be given separately or combined together
       after a dash.  For example, the three command lines given below are equivalent:
                      flip -uvt *.c
                      flip -u -v -t *.c
                      flip -u -vt *.c

       On systems that allow a program to know its own name, flip may be renamed (or linked) to a
       file called toix for conversion to **IX format, or to a file called toms for conversion to
       MS-DOS format.  When invoked with the name toix or toms, flip  will  act  as  if  it  were
       invoked with the -u or -m option respectively.


       -u     Convert  to  **IX  format (CR LF => LF, lone CR or LF unchanged, trailing control Z
              removed, embedded control Z unchanged).

       -m     Convert to MS-DOS format (lone LF => CR LF, lone CR unchanged).

       -h     Give a help message.

       -v     Be verbose, print filenames as they are processed.

       -t     Touch files (don't preserve timestamps).

       -s     Strip high bit.

       -b     Convert binary files too (else binary files are left unchanged).

       -z     Truncate file at first control Z encountered.


       Rahul Dhesi <>.


       unix2dos(1), dos2unix(1).