Provided by: gmt-common_5.4.5+dfsg-2_all bug


       grdcut - Extract subregion from a grid


       grdcut ingrid  -Goutgrid
        -Rregion  [  -N[nodata] ] [  -S[n]lon/lat/radius[unit] ] [  -V[level] ] [  -Z[n|r]min/max
       ] [ -fflags ]

       Note: No space is allowed between the option flag and the associated arguments.


       grdcut will produce a new outgrid file which is a subregion of ingrid.  The  subregion  is
       specified  with  -R as in other programs; the specified range must not exceed the range of
       ingrid (but see -N).  If in doubt, run grdinfo to check range. Alternatively,  define  the
       subregion  indirectly  via  a range check on the node values or via distances from a given
       point. Complementary to grdcut there is grdpaste, which will join together two grid  files
       along a common edge.


       ingrid This is the input grid file.

              This is the output grid file.


              Allow  grid  to  be  extended if new -R exceeds existing boundaries.  Append nodata
              value to initialize nodes outside current region [Default is NaN].

       -Rxmin/xmax/ymin/ymax[+r][+uunit] (more ...)
              Specify the region of interest. This defines the subregion to be cut out.

              Specify an origin and radius; append a distance unit (see UNITS) and  we  determine
              the corresponding rectangular region so that all grid nodes on or inside the circle
              are contained in the subset. If -Sn is used we set all nodes outside the circle  to

       -V[level] (more ...)
              Select verbosity level [c].

              Determine the new rectangular region so that all nodes outside this region are also
              outside the given z-range [-inf/+inf]. To indicate no limit on min or max,  specify
              a  hyphen (-). Normally, any NaNs encountered are simply skipped and not considered
              in the decision.  Use -Zn to consider a NaN to be outside the z-range.  This  means
              the  new  subset  will  be  NaN-free. Alternatively, use -Zr to consider NaNs to be
              within the data range. In this case we stop shrinking the boundaries once a NaN  is
              found [Default simply skips NaNs when making the range decision].

       -f[i|o]colinfo (more ...)
              Specify data types of input and/or output columns.

       -^ or just -
              Print a short message about the syntax of the command, then exits (NOTE: on Windows
              just use -).

       -+ or just +
              Print  an  extensive  usage  (help)  message,  including  the  explanation  of  any
              module-specific option (but not the GMT common options), then exits.

       -? or no arguments
              Print  a  complete  usage (help) message, including the explanation of all options,
              then exits.


       For map distance unit, append unit d for arc degree, m for  arc  minute,  and  s  for  arc
       second, or e for meter [Default], f for foot, k for km, M for statute mile, n for nautical
       mile, and u for US survey foot. By default we compute such  distances  using  a  spherical
       approximation  with  great circles. Prepend - to a distance (or the unit is no distance is
       given) to perform "Flat Earth" calculations (quicker but less accurate) or  prepend  +  to
       perform exact geodesic calculations (slower but more accurate).


       By  default  GMT  writes  out grid as single precision floats in a COARDS-complaint netCDF
       file format. However, GMT is able to produce grid files in many other commonly  used  grid
       file formats and also facilitates so called "packing" of grids, writing out floating point
       data as 1- or 2-byte integers. (more ...)


       When the output grid  type  is  netCDF,  the  coordinates  will  be  labeled  "longitude",
       "latitude", or "time" based on the attributes of the input data or grid (if any) or on the
       -f or -R options. For example, both  -f0x  -f1t  and  -R90w/90e/0t/3t  will  result  in  a
       longitude/time grid. When the x, y, or z coordinate is time, it will be stored in the grid
       as relative time since epoch as specified by TIME_UNIT and TIME_EPOCH in the gmt.conf file
       or on the command line. In addition, the unit attribute of the time variable will indicate
       both this unit and epoch.


       Suppose you have used surface to grid ship gravity in the region between 148E -  162E  and
       8N  -  32N, and you do not trust the gridding near the edges, so you want to keep only the
       area between 150E - 160E and 10N - 30N, then:

              gmt grdcut -R150/160/10/30 -V

       To return the subregion of a grid such that any  boundary  strips  where  all  values  are
       entirely above 0 are excluded, try

              gmt grdcut -Z-/0 -V

       To return the subregion of a grid that contains all nodes within a distance of 500 km from
       the point 45,30 try

              gmt grdcut -S45/30/500k -V


       gmt, grdclip, grdinfo, grdpaste, surface


       2019, P. Wessel, W. H. F. Smith, R. Scharroo, J. Luis, and F. Wobbe