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v.patch - Creates a new vector map by combining other vector maps.
vector, geometry, level1
v.patch v.patch --help v.patch [-nzeab] input=name[,name,...] output=name [bbox=name] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui] Flags: -n Do not expect input with topology Applicable when input is points without topology -z Expect z coordinate even when not using topology Applicable when input is points with z coordinate but without topology -e Copy also attribute table Only the table of layer 1 is currently supported -a Append files to existing file (overwriting existing files must be activated) -b Do not build topology Advantageous when handling a large number of points --overwrite Allow output files to overwrite existing files --help Print usage summary --verbose Verbose module output --quiet Quiet module output --ui Force launching GUI dialog Parameters: input=name[,name,...] [required] Name of input vector map(s) Or data source(s) for direct OGR access output=name [required] Name for output vector map bbox=name Name for output vector map where bounding boxes of input vector maps are written to
v.patch allows the user to combine any number of vector maps together to create one composite vector map. If the table structures are identical, attributes are transferred to the new table.
Any vectors that are duplicated among the maps being patched together (e.g., border lines) will have to be edited or removed after v.patch is run. Such editing can be done automatically using v.clean. Lines may need to be snapped with v.clean tool=snap,break,rmdupl. Boundaries may need to be cleaned with v.clean tool=break,rmdupl,rmsa repeatedly until the rmsa tool (Remove small angles at nodes) no longer modifies any boundaries. If vector topology is still not clean, boundaries may also need to be snapped with v.clean tool=snap,break,rmdupl. When using the -e flag, v.patch shifts category (cat) values in the output so that category numbers from the different input maps do not overlap. This shift is applied to both the category values of the features and the category values in the attribute tables. Hence, there is no need to run v.category and v.db.update beforehand. When using the -a flag, the user has to make sure that the features in the different maps added to the output map do not have overlapping category numbers, unless identical category numbers reflect identical attributes, otherwise the attributes of the added maps are lost. To avoid this, the user can use v.category option=sum to change category values of some of the maps before patching.
Patch together two maps with mixed feature types: v.patch input=geology,streams out=geol_streams Append one map to another: g.copy vect=roads,transport v.patch -a input=railroads output=transport --overwrite
v.clean, v.build, v.select, v.overlay
Dave Gerdes, U.S.Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy
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