Provided by: libssl-doc_1.1.1d-2ubuntu6_all bug


       BIO_do_handshake, BIO_f_ssl, BIO_set_ssl, BIO_get_ssl, BIO_set_ssl_mode,
       BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_bytes, BIO_get_num_renegotiates, BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_timeout,
       BIO_new_ssl, BIO_new_ssl_connect, BIO_new_buffer_ssl_connect, BIO_ssl_copy_session_id,
       BIO_ssl_shutdown - SSL BIO


        #include <openssl/bio.h>
        #include <openssl/ssl.h>

        const BIO_METHOD *BIO_f_ssl(void);

        long BIO_set_ssl(BIO *b, SSL *ssl, long c);
        long BIO_get_ssl(BIO *b, SSL **sslp);
        long BIO_set_ssl_mode(BIO *b, long client);
        long BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_bytes(BIO *b, long num);
        long BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_timeout(BIO *b, long seconds);
        long BIO_get_num_renegotiates(BIO *b);

        BIO *BIO_new_ssl(SSL_CTX *ctx, int client);
        BIO *BIO_new_ssl_connect(SSL_CTX *ctx);
        BIO *BIO_new_buffer_ssl_connect(SSL_CTX *ctx);
        int BIO_ssl_copy_session_id(BIO *to, BIO *from);
        void BIO_ssl_shutdown(BIO *bio);

        long BIO_do_handshake(BIO *b);


       BIO_f_ssl() returns the SSL BIO method. This is a filter BIO which is a wrapper round the
       OpenSSL SSL routines adding a BIO "flavour" to SSL I/O.

       I/O performed on an SSL BIO communicates using the SSL protocol with the SSLs read and
       write BIOs. If an SSL connection is not established then an attempt is made to establish
       one on the first I/O call.

       If a BIO is appended to an SSL BIO using BIO_push() it is automatically used as the SSL
       BIOs read and write BIOs.

       Calling BIO_reset() on an SSL BIO closes down any current SSL connection by calling
       SSL_shutdown(). BIO_reset() is then sent to the next BIO in the chain: this will typically
       disconnect the underlying transport.  The SSL BIO is then reset to the initial accept or
       connect state.

       If the close flag is set when an SSL BIO is freed then the internal SSL structure is also
       freed using SSL_free().

       BIO_set_ssl() sets the internal SSL pointer of BIO b to ssl using the close flag c.

       BIO_get_ssl() retrieves the SSL pointer of BIO b, it can then be manipulated using the
       standard SSL library functions.

       BIO_set_ssl_mode() sets the SSL BIO mode to client. If client is 1 client mode is set. If
       client is 0 server mode is set.

       BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_bytes() sets the renegotiate byte count to num. When set after
       every num bytes of I/O (read and write) the SSL session is automatically renegotiated. num
       must be at least 512 bytes.

       BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_timeout() sets the renegotiate timeout to seconds. When the
       renegotiate timeout elapses the session is automatically renegotiated.

       BIO_get_num_renegotiates() returns the total number of session renegotiations due to I/O
       or timeout.

       BIO_new_ssl() allocates an SSL BIO using SSL_CTX ctx and using client mode if client is
       non zero.

       BIO_new_ssl_connect() creates a new BIO chain consisting of an SSL BIO (using ctx)
       followed by a connect BIO.

       BIO_new_buffer_ssl_connect() creates a new BIO chain consisting of a buffering BIO, an SSL
       BIO (using ctx) and a connect BIO.

       BIO_ssl_copy_session_id() copies an SSL session id between BIO chains from and to. It does
       this by locating the SSL BIOs in each chain and calling SSL_copy_session_id() on the
       internal SSL pointer.

       BIO_ssl_shutdown() closes down an SSL connection on BIO chain bio. It does this by
       locating the SSL BIO in the chain and calling SSL_shutdown() on its internal SSL pointer.

       BIO_do_handshake() attempts to complete an SSL handshake on the supplied BIO and establish
       the SSL connection. It returns 1 if the connection was established successfully. A zero or
       negative value is returned if the connection could not be established, the call
       BIO_should_retry() should be used for non blocking connect BIOs to determine if the call
       should be retried. If an SSL connection has already been established this call has no


       SSL BIOs are exceptional in that if the underlying transport is non blocking they can
       still request a retry in exceptional circumstances. Specifically this will happen if a
       session renegotiation takes place during a BIO_read_ex() operation, one case where this
       happens is when step up occurs.

       The SSL flag SSL_AUTO_RETRY can be set to disable this behaviour. That is when this flag
       is set an SSL BIO using a blocking transport will never request a retry.

       Since unknown BIO_ctrl() operations are sent through filter BIOs the servers name and port
       can be set using BIO_set_host() on the BIO returned by BIO_new_ssl_connect() without
       having to locate the connect BIO first.

       Applications do not have to call BIO_do_handshake() but may wish to do so to separate the
       handshake process from other I/O processing.

       BIO_set_ssl(), BIO_get_ssl(), BIO_set_ssl_mode(), BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_bytes(),
       BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_timeout(), BIO_get_num_renegotiates(), and BIO_do_handshake() are
       implemented as macros.


       BIO_f_ssl() returns the SSL BIO_METHOD structure.

       BIO_set_ssl(), BIO_get_ssl(), BIO_set_ssl_mode(), BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_bytes(),
       BIO_set_ssl_renegotiate_timeout() and BIO_get_num_renegotiates() return 1 on success or a
       value which is less than or equal to 0 if an error occurred.

       BIO_new_ssl(), BIO_new_ssl_connect() and BIO_new_buffer_ssl_connect() return a valid BIO
       structure on success or NULL if an error occurred.

       BIO_ssl_copy_session_id() returns 1 on success or 0 on error.

       BIO_do_handshake() returns 1 if the connection was established successfully.  A zero or
       negative value is returned if the connection could not be established.


       This SSL/TLS client example attempts to retrieve a page from an SSL/TLS web server. The
       I/O routines are identical to those of the unencrypted example in BIO_s_connect(3).

        BIO *sbio, *out;
        int len;
        char tmpbuf[1024];
        SSL_CTX *ctx;
        SSL *ssl;

        /* XXX Seed the PRNG if needed. */

        ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLS_client_method());

        /* XXX Set verify paths and mode here. */

        sbio = BIO_new_ssl_connect(ctx);
        BIO_get_ssl(sbio, &ssl);
        if (ssl == NULL) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Can't locate SSL pointer\n");

        /* Don't want any retries */
        SSL_set_mode(ssl, SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY);

        /* XXX We might want to do other things with ssl here */

        /* An empty host part means the loopback address */
        BIO_set_conn_hostname(sbio, ":https");

        out = BIO_new_fp(stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE);
        if (BIO_do_connect(sbio) <= 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error connecting to server\n");
        if (BIO_do_handshake(sbio) <= 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error establishing SSL connection\n");

        /* XXX Could examine ssl here to get connection info */

        BIO_puts(sbio, "GET / HTTP/1.0\n\n");
        for (;;) {
            len = BIO_read(sbio, tmpbuf, 1024);
            if (len <= 0)
            BIO_write(out, tmpbuf, len);

       Here is a simple server example. It makes use of a buffering BIO to allow lines to be read
       from the SSL BIO using BIO_gets.  It creates a pseudo web page containing the actual
       request from a client and also echoes the request to standard output.

        BIO *sbio, *bbio, *acpt, *out;
        int len;
        char tmpbuf[1024];
        SSL_CTX *ctx;
        SSL *ssl;

        /* XXX Seed the PRNG if needed. */

        ctx = SSL_CTX_new(TLS_server_method());
        if (!SSL_CTX_use_certificate_file(ctx, "server.pem", SSL_FILETYPE_PEM)
                || !SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey_file(ctx, "server.pem", SSL_FILETYPE_PEM)
                || !SSL_CTX_check_private_key(ctx)) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error setting up SSL_CTX\n");

        /* XXX Other things like set verify locations, EDH temp callbacks. */

        /* New SSL BIO setup as server */
        sbio = BIO_new_ssl(ctx, 0);
        BIO_get_ssl(sbio, &ssl);
        if (ssl == NULL) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Can't locate SSL pointer\n");

        SSL_set_mode(ssl, SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY);
        bbio = BIO_new(BIO_f_buffer());
        sbio = BIO_push(bbio, sbio);
        acpt = BIO_new_accept("4433");

         * By doing this when a new connection is established
         * we automatically have sbio inserted into it. The
         * BIO chain is now 'swallowed' by the accept BIO and
         * will be freed when the accept BIO is freed.
        BIO_set_accept_bios(acpt, sbio);
        out = BIO_new_fp(stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE);

        /* Setup accept BIO */
        if (BIO_do_accept(acpt) <= 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error setting up accept BIO\n");

        /* We only want one connection so remove and free accept BIO */
        sbio = BIO_pop(acpt);

        if (BIO_do_handshake(sbio) <= 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Error in SSL handshake\n");

        BIO_puts(sbio, "HTTP/1.0 200 OK\r\nContent-type: text/plain\r\n\r\n");
        BIO_puts(sbio, "\r\nConnection Established\r\nRequest headers:\r\n");
        BIO_puts(sbio, "--------------------------------------------------\r\n");

        for (;;) {
            len = BIO_gets(sbio, tmpbuf, 1024);
            if (len <= 0)
            BIO_write(sbio, tmpbuf, len);
            BIO_write(out, tmpbuf, len);
            /* Look for blank line signifying end of headers*/
            if (tmpbuf[0] == '\r' || tmpbuf[0] == '\n')

        BIO_puts(sbio, "--------------------------------------------------\r\n");
        BIO_puts(sbio, "\r\n");


       In OpenSSL before 1.0.0 the BIO_pop() call was handled incorrectly, the I/O BIO reference
       count was incorrectly incremented (instead of decremented) and dissociated with the SSL
       BIO even if the SSL BIO was not explicitly being popped (e.g. a pop higher up the chain).
       Applications which included workarounds for this bug (e.g. freeing BIOs more than once)
       should be modified to handle this fix or they may free up an already freed BIO.


       Copyright 2000-2019 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License").  You may not use this file except
       in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source
       distribution or at <>.