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       Encode::Guess -- Guesses encoding from data


         # if you are sure $data won't contain anything bogus

         use Encode;
         use Encode::Guess qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/;
         my $utf8 = decode("Guess", $data);
         my $data = encode("Guess", $utf8);   # this doesn't work!

         # more elaborate way
         use Encode::Guess;
         my $enc = guess_encoding($data, qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/);
         ref($enc) or die "Can't guess: $enc"; # trap error this way
         $utf8 = $enc->decode($data);
         # or
         $utf8 = decode($enc->name, $data)


       Encode::Guess enables you to guess in what encoding a given data is encoded, or at least
       tries to.


       By default, it checks only ascii, utf8 and UTF-16/32 with BOM.

         use Encode::Guess; # ascii/utf8/BOMed UTF

       To use it more practically, you have to give the names of encodings to check (suspects as
       follows).  The name of suspects can either be canonical names or aliases.

       CAVEAT: Unlike UTF-(16|32), BOM in utf8 is NOT AUTOMATICALLY STRIPPED.

        # tries all major Japanese Encodings as well
         use Encode::Guess qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/;

       If the $Encode::Guess::NoUTFAutoGuess variable is set to a true value, no heuristics will
       be applied to UTF8/16/32, and the result will be limited to the suspects and "ascii".

           You can also change the internal suspects list via "set_suspects" method.

             use Encode::Guess;
             Encode::Guess->set_suspects(qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/);

           Or you can use "add_suspects" method.  The difference is that "set_suspects" flushes
           the current suspects list while "add_suspects" adds.

             use Encode::Guess;
             Encode::Guess->add_suspects(qw/euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis/);
             # now the suspects are euc-jp,shiftjis,7bit-jis, AND
             # euc-kr,euc-cn, and big5-eten
             Encode::Guess->add_suspects(qw/euc-kr euc-cn big5-eten/);

       Encode::decode("Guess" ...)
           When you are content with suspects list, you can now

             my $utf8 = Encode::decode("Guess", $data);

           But it will croak if:

           ·   Two or more suspects remain

           ·   No suspects left

           So you should instead try this;

             my $decoder = Encode::Guess->guess($data);

           On success, $decoder is an object that is documented in Encode::Encoding.  So you can
           now do this;

             my $utf8 = $decoder->decode($data);

           On failure, $decoder now contains an error message so the whole thing would be as

             my $decoder = Encode::Guess->guess($data);
             die $decoder unless ref($decoder);
             my $utf8 = $decoder->decode($data);

       guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])
           You can also try "guess_encoding" function which is exported by default.  It takes
           $data to check and it also takes the list of suspects by option.  The optional suspect
           list is not reflected to the internal suspects list.

             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data, qw/euc-jp euc-kr euc-cn/);
             die $decoder unless ref($decoder);
             my $utf8 = $decoder->decode($data);
             # check only ascii, utf8 and UTF-(16|32) with BOM
             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data);


       ·   Because of the algorithm used, ISO-8859 series and other single-byte encodings do not
           work well unless either one of ISO-8859 is the only one suspect (besides ascii and

             use Encode::Guess;
             # perhaps ok
             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data, 'latin1');
             # definitely NOT ok
             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data, qw/latin1 greek/);

           The reason is that Encode::Guess guesses encoding by trial and error.  It first splits
           $data into lines and tries to decode the line for each suspect.  It keeps it going
           until all but one encoding is eliminated out of suspects list.  ISO-8859 series is
           just too successful for most cases (because it fills almost all code points in

       ·   Do not mix national standard encodings and the corresponding vendor encodings.

             # a very bad idea
             my $decoder
                = guess_encoding($data, qw/shiftjis MacJapanese cp932/);

           The reason is that vendor encoding is usually a superset of national standard so it
           becomes too ambiguous for most cases.

       ·   On the other hand, mixing various national standard encodings automagically works
           unless $data is too short to allow for guessing.

            # This is ok if $data is long enough
            my $decoder =
             guess_encoding($data, qw/euc-cn
                                      euc-jp shiftjis 7bit-jis

       ·   DO NOT PUT TOO MANY SUSPECTS!  Don't you try something like this!

             my $decoder = guess_encoding($data,

       It is, after all, just a guess.  You should alway be explicit when it comes to encodings.
       But there are some, especially Japanese, environment that guess-coding is a must.  Use
       this module with care.


       Encode::Guess does not work on EBCDIC platforms.


       Encode, Encode::Encoding