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       logger_std_h - Standard handler for Logger.


       This  is  the standard handler for Logger. Multiple instances of this handler can be added
       to Logger, and each instance prints logs to standard_io, standard_error, or to file.

       The handler has an overload protection mechanism that keeps the handler  process  and  the
       Kernel  application  alive during high loads of log events. How overload protection works,
       and how to configure it, is described in the User's Guide.

       To add a new instance of the  standard  handler,  use  logger:add_handler/3.  The  handler
       configuration  argument  is  a  map which can contain general configuration parameters, as
       documented in the User's Guide, and handler specific  parameters.  The  specific  data  is
       stored in a sub map with the key config, and can contain the following parameters:

         type = standard_io | standard_error | file:
           Specifies the log destination.

           The value is set when the handler is added, and it cannot be changed in runtime.

           Defaults  to standard_io, unless parameter file is given, in which case it defaults to

         file = file:filename():
           This specifies the name of the log file when the handler is of type file.

           The value is set when the handler is added, and it cannot be changed in runtime.

           Defaults to the same name as the handler identity, in the current directory.

         modes = [file:mode()]:
           This specifies the file modes to use when opening the log file,  see  file:open/2.  If
           modes are not specified, the default list used is [raw,append,delayed_write]. If modes
           are  specified,  the  list  replaces  the  default  modes  list  with  the   following

              If raw is not found in the list, it is added.

              If none of write, append or exclusive is found in the list, append is added.

           * If  none  of  delayed_write  or  {delayed_write,Size,Delay}  is  found  in the list,
             delayed_write is added.

           Log files are always UTF-8 encoded. The encoding cannot be changed by setting the mode

           The value is set when the handler is added, and it cannot be changed in runtime.

           Defaults to [raw,append,delayed_write].

         max_no_bytes = pos_integer() | infinity:
           This  parameter specifies if the log file should be rotated or not. The value infinity
           means the log file will grow indefinitely, while an integer value specifies  at  which
           file size (bytes) the file is rotated.

           Defaults to infinity.

         max_no_files = non_neg_integer():
           This  parameter  specifies  the  number of rotated log file archives to keep. This has
           meaning only if max_no_bytes is set to an integer value.

           The log archives are named FileName.0, FileName.1, ... FileName.N, where  FileName  is
           the  name  of  the  current  log  file.  FileName.0 is the newest of the archives. The
           maximum value for N is the value of max_no_files minus 1.

           Notice that setting this value to 0 does not turn of rotation. It only specifies  that
           no archives are kept.

           Defaults to 0.

         compress_on_rotate = boolean():
           This  parameter specifies if the rotated log file archives shall be compressed or not.
           If set to true, all archives are compressed with gzip, and renamed to FileName.N.gz

           compress_on_rotate has no meaning if max_no_bytes has the value infinity.

           Defaults to false.

         file_check = non_neg_integer():
           When logger_std_h logs to a file, it reads the file information of the log file  prior
           to  each  write operation. This is to make sure the file still exists and has the same
           inode as when it was opened. This implies some performance loss, but ensures  that  no
           log  events  are  lost  in  the  case  when the file has been removed or renamed by an
           external actor.

           In order to allow minimizing the performance loss, the file_check parameter can be set
           to  a  positive  integer  value,  N.  The  handler  will  then  skip  reading the file
           information prior to writing, as long as no more than N milliseconds have passed since
           it was last read.

           Notice that the risk of loosing log events grows when the file_check value grows.

           Defaults to 0.

         filesync_repeat_interval = pos_integer() | no_repeat:
           This  value,  in  milliseconds,  specifies  how  often  the  handler  does a file sync
           operation to  write  buffered  data  to  disk.  The  handler  attempts  the  operation
           repeatedly, but only performs a new sync if something has actually been logged.

           If  no_repeat is set as value, the repeated file sync operation is disabled, and it is
           the operating system settings that determine how quickly or slowly data is written  to
           disk. The user can also call the filesync/1 function to perform a file sync.

           Defaults to 5000 milliseconds.

       Other  configuration  parameters exist, to be used for customizing the overload protection
       behaviour. The same parameters are used both in the  standard  handler  and  the  disk_log
       handler, and are documented in the User's Guide.

       Notice  that  if  changing the configuration of the handler in runtime, the type, file, or
       modes parameters must not be modified.

       Example of adding a standard handler:

       logger:add_handler(my_standard_h, logger_std_h,
                          #{config => #{file => "./system_info.log",
                                        filesync_repeat_interval => 1000}}).

       To set the default handler, that starts initially with the Kernel application, to  log  to
       file instead of standard_io, change the Kernel default logger configuration. Example:

       erl -kernel logger '[{handler,default,logger_std_h,
                             #{config => #{file => "./log.log"}}}]'

       An  example  of  how to replace the standard handler with a disk_log handler at startup is
       found in the logger_disk_log_h manual.


       filesync(Name) -> ok | {error, Reason}


                 Name = atom()
                 Reason = handler_busy | {badarg, term()}

              Write buffered data to disk.


       logger(3erl), logger_disk_log_h(3erl)