Provided by: liblttng-ust-dev_2.11.0-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       lttng-ust-cyg-profile - Function tracing (LTTng-UST helper)

SYNOPSIS

       Compile your application with compiler option -finstrument-functions.

       Launch your application by preloading liblttng-ust-cyg-profile-fast.so for fast function
       tracing:

       $ LD_PRELOAD=liblttng-ust-cyg-profile-fast.so my-app

       Launch your application by preloading liblttng-ust-cyg-profile.so for slower, more verbose
       function tracing:

       $ LD_PRELOAD=liblttng-ust-cyg-profile.so my-app

DESCRIPTION

       When the liblttng-ust-cyg-profile.so or the liblttng-ust-cyg-profile-fast.so library is
       preloaded before a given application starts, all function entry and return points are
       traced by LTTng-UST (see lttng-ust(3)), provided said application was compiled with the
       -finstrument-functions compiler option.

       See lttng(1) to learn more about how to control LTTng tracing sessions.

       Function tracing with LTTng-UST comes in two flavors, each one providing a different
       trade-off between performance and robustness:

       liblttng-ust-cyg-profile-fast.so
           This is a lightweight variant that should only be used where it can be guaranteed that
           the complete event stream is recorded without any missing events. Any kind of
           duplicate information is left out.

           At each function entry, the address of the called function is recorded in an LTTng-UST
           event. Function exits are recorded as another, empty LTTng-UST event.

           See the Fast function tracing section below for the complete list of emitted events
           and their fields.

       liblttng-ust-cyg-profile.so
           This is a more robust variant which also works for use cases where events might get
           discarded, or not recorded from application startup. In these cases, the trace
           analyzer needs extra information to be able to reconstruct the program flow.

           At each function entry and exit, the address of the called function and the call site
           address are recorded in an LTTng-UST event.

           See the Verbose function tracing section below for the complete list of emitted events
           and their fields.

   Usage
       To use LTTng-UST function tracing, you need to make sure the sources of your application
       are compiled with the -finstrument-functions compiler option.

       It might be necessary to limit the number of source files where this option is used to
       prevent excessive amount of trace data to be generated at run time. Usually, there are
       additional compiler flags that allow you to specify a more fine-grained selection of
       function instrumentation.

       For each instrumented function, the executable will contain calls to profiling function
       hooks (after function entry, named __cyg_profile_func_enter(), and just before function
       exit, named __cyg_profile_func_exit()).

       By preloading (using the LD_PRELOAD environment variable) one of the provided shared
       libraries, these profiling hooks get defined to emit LTTng events (as described below).

           Note
           Using this feature can result in a massive amount of trace data to be generated by the
           instrumented application. Application run time is also considerably affected. Be
           careful on systems with limited resources.

   Fast function tracing
       The following LTTng-UST events are available when using liblttng-ust-cyg-profile-fast.so.
       Their log level is set to TRACE_DEBUG_FUNCTION.

       lttng_ust_cyg_profile_fast:func_entry
           Emitted when an application function is entered, or more specifically, when
           __cyg_profile_func_enter() is called.

           Fields:

           ┌───────────┬───────────────────┐
           │Field nameDescription       │
           ├───────────┼───────────────────┤
           │func_addr  │ Function address. │
           └───────────┴───────────────────┘

       lttng_ust_cyg_profile_fast:func_exit
           Emitted when an application function returns, or more specifically, when
           __cyg_profile_func_exit() is called.

           This event has no fields. Since the liblttng-ust-cyg-profile-fast.so library should
           only be used when it can be guaranteed that the complete event stream is recorded
           without any missing events, a per-thread, stack-based approach can be used on the
           trace analyzer side to match function entry and return events.

   Verbose function tracing
       The following LTTng-UST events are available when using liblttng-ust-cyg-profile.so. Their
       log level is set to TRACE_DEBUG_FUNCTION.

       lttng_ust_cyg_profile:func_entry
           Emitted when an application function is entered, or more specifically, when
           __cyg_profile_func_enter() is called.

           Fields:

           ┌───────────┬──────────────────────────────────┐
           │Field nameDescription                      │
           ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
           │func_addr  │ Function address.                │
           ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
           │call_site  │ Address from which this function │
           │           │ was called.                      │
           └───────────┴──────────────────────────────────┘

       lttng_ust_cyg_profile:func_exit
           Emitted when an application function returns, or more specifically, when
           __cyg_profile_func_exit() is called.

           Fields:

           ┌───────────┬──────────────────────────────────┐
           │Field nameDescription                      │
           ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
           │func_addr  │ Function address.                │
           ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
           │call_site  │ Address from which this function │
           │           │ was called.                      │
           └───────────┴──────────────────────────────────┘

BUGS

       If you encounter any issue or usability problem, please report it on the LTTng bug tracker
       <https://bugs.lttng.org/projects/lttng-ust>.

RESOURCES

       ·   LTTng project website <http://lttng.org>

       ·   LTTng documentation <http://lttng.org/docs>

       ·   Git repositories <http://git.lttng.org>

       ·   GitHub organization <http://github.com/lttng>

       ·   Continuous integration <http://ci.lttng.org/>

       ·   Mailing list <http://lists.lttng.org> for support and development: lttng-
           dev@lists.lttng.org

       ·   IRC channel <irc://irc.oftc.net/lttng>: #lttng on irc.oftc.net

COPYRIGHTS

       This library is part of the LTTng-UST project.

       This library is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 2.1
       <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/lgpl-2.1.en.html>. See the COPYING
       <https://github.com/lttng/lttng-ust/blob/v2.10.6/COPYING> file for more details.

THANKS

       Thanks to Ericsson for funding this work, providing real-life use cases, and testing.

       Special thanks to Michel Dagenais and the DORSAL laboratory
       <http://www.dorsal.polymtl.ca/> at École Polytechnique de Montréal for the LTTng journey.

AUTHORS

       LTTng-UST was originally written by Mathieu Desnoyers, with additional contributions from
       various other people. It is currently maintained by Mathieu Desnoyers
       <mailto:mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>.

SEE ALSO

       lttng-ust(3), lttng(1), gcc(1), ld.so(8)