Provided by: libnbd-dev_1.2.2-1ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       nbd_pread_structured - read from the NBD server


        #include <libnbd.h>

        typedef struct {
          int (*callback) (void *user_data, const void *subbuf,
                           size_t count, uint64_t offset,
                           unsigned status, int *error);
          void *user_data;
          void (*free) (void *user_data);
        } nbd_chunk_callback;

        int nbd_pread_structured (struct nbd_handle *h, void *buf,
                                  size_t count, uint64_t offset,
                                  nbd_chunk_callback chunk_callback,
                                  uint32_t flags);


       Issue a read command to the NBD server for the range starting at "offset" and ending at
       "offset" + "count" - 1.  The server's response may be subdivided into chunks which may
       arrive out of order before reassembly into the original buffer; the "chunk" callback is
       used for notification after each chunk arrives, and may perform additional sanity checking
       on the server's reply. The callback cannot call "nbd_*" APIs on the same handle since it
       holds the handle lock and will cause a deadlock.  If the callback returns "-1", and no
       earlier error has been detected, then the overall read command will fail with any non-zero
       value stored into the callback's "error" parameter (with a default of "EPROTO"); but any
       further chunks will still invoke the callback.

       The "chunk" function is called once per chunk of data received, with the "user_data"
       passed to this function.  The "subbuf" and "count" parameters represent the subset of the
       original buffer which has just been populated by results from the server (in C, "subbuf"
       always points within the original "buf"; but this guarantee may not extend to other
       language bindings). The "offset" parameter represents the absolute offset at which
       "subbuf" begins within the image (note that this is not the relative offset of "subbuf"
       within the original buffer "buf"). Changes to "error" on output are ignored unless the
       callback fails. The input meaning of the "error" parameter is controlled by the "status"
       parameter, which is one of

       "LIBNBD_READ_DATA" = 1
           "subbuf" was populated with "count" bytes of data. On input, "error" contains the
           errno value of any earlier detected error, or zero.

       "LIBNBD_READ_HOLE" = 2
           "subbuf" represents a hole, and contains "count" NUL bytes. On input, "error" contains
           the errno value of any earlier detected error, or zero.

       "LIBNBD_READ_ERROR" = 3
           "count" is 0, so "subbuf" is unusable. On input, "error" contains the errno value
           reported by the server as occurring while reading that "offset", regardless if any
           earlier error has been detected.

       Future NBD extensions may permit other values for "status", but those will not be returned
       to a client that has not opted in to requesting such extensions. If the server is non-
       compliant, it is possible for the "chunk" function to be called more times than you expect
       or with "count" 0 for "LIBNBD_READ_DATA" or "LIBNBD_READ_HOLE". It is also possible that
       the "chunk" function is not called at all (in particular, "LIBNBD_READ_ERROR" is used only
       when an error is associated with a particular offset, and not when the server reports a
       generic error), but you are guaranteed that the callback was called at least once if the
       overall read succeeds. Libnbd does not validate that the server obeyed the requirement
       that a read call must not have overlapping chunks and must not succeed without enough
       chunks to cover the entire request.

       The "flags" parameter may be 0 for no flags, or may contain "LIBNBD_CMD_FLAG_DF" meaning
       that the server should not reply with more than one fragment (if that is supported - some
       servers cannot do this, see nbd_can_df(3)). Libnbd does not validate that the server
       actually obeys the flag.


       If the call is successful the function returns 0.


       On error "-1" is returned.

       Refer to "ERROR HANDLING" in libnbd(3) for how to get further details of the error.


       The handle must be connected and finished handshaking with the server, otherwise this call
       will return an error.


       This function first appeared in libnbd 1.0.

       If you need to test if this function is available at compile time check if the following
       macro is defined:



       nbd_can_df(3), nbd_pread(3), nbd_aio_pread_structured(3), nbd_create(3), libnbd(3).


       Eric Blake

       Richard W.M. Jones


       Copyright (C) 2019 Red Hat Inc.


       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this
       library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth
       Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA