Provided by: libpwquality-dev_1.4.2-1build1_amd64 bug


       pwquality - Documentation of the libpwquality API


        #include <pwquality.h>

        pwquality_settings_t *pwquality_default_settings(void);
        void pwquality_free_settings(pwquality_settings_t *pwq);

        int pwquality_read_config(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, const char *cfgfile,
               void **auxerror);

        int pwquality_set_option(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, const char *option);
        int pwquality_set_int_value(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, int setting, int value);
        int pwquality_set_str_value(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, int setting,
               const char *value);
        int pwquality_get_int_value(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, int setting, int *value);
        int pwquality_get_str_value(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, int setting, const char **value);

        int pwquality_generate(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, int entropy_bits,
               char **password);

        int pwquality_check(pwquality_settings_t *pwq, const char *password,
               const char *oldpassword, const char *user, void **auxerror);

        const char *pwquality_strerror(char *buf, size_t len, int errcode, void *auxerror);


       Function pwquality_default_settings() allocates and returns default pwquality settings to
       be used in other library calls. The allocated opaque structure has to be freed with the
       pwquality_free_settings() call.

       The pwquality_read_config() parses the configuration file (if cfgfile is NULL then the
       default one). If auxerror is not NULL it also possibly returns auxiliary error information
       that must be passed into pwquality_strerror() function.

       New in 1.3.0:
           The library first tries to parse all *.conf configuration files from <cfgfile>.d
           directory if it exists. Order of parsing determines what values will be in effect -
           the latest wins.

       Function pwquality_set_option() is useful for setting the options as configured on a pam
       module command line in form of <opt>=<val>.

       Getter and setter functions for the individual integer and string setting values are:
       pwquality_set_int_value(), pwquality_set_str_value(), pwquality_get_int_value(), and
       pwquality_get_str_value(). In case of the string getter the caller must copy the string
       before another calls that can manipulate the pwq settings object.

       The pwquality_generate() function generates a random password of entropy_bits entropy and
       check it according to the settings. The *password is allocated on heap by the library.

       The pwquality_check() function checks the password according to the settings. It returns
       either score <0-100>, negative error number, and possibly also auxiliary error information
       that must be passed into pwquality_strerror() function.  The oldpassword is optional and
       can be NULL.  The user is used for checking the password against the user name and
       potentially other passwd(5) information and can be NULL.  The auxerror can be NULL - in
       that case the auxiliary error information is not returned.  However if it is non-NULL not
       passing the returned *auxerror into pwquality_strerror() can lead to memory leaks.  The
       score depends on value of the setting PWQ_SETTING_MIN_LENGTH. If it is set higher, the
       score for the same passwords will be lower.

       Function pwquality_strerror() translates the errcode and auxerror auxiliary data into
       localized text message. If buf is NULL the function uses an internal static buffer which
       makes the function non-reentrant in that case. The returned pointer is not guaranteed to
       point to the buf. The function handles deallocation of eventual auxerror data passed into
       it, thus it must not be called twice with the same auxerror data.


       In general the functions which return int return 0 as success value and negative values as
       concrete PWQ_ERROR error code. pwquality_strerror() does not allocate data and so it
       cannot fail.

       The returned positive or zero score from pwquality_check() should not be used for
       rejection of passwords, it should be used only as approximate indicator of entropy present
       in the password with values such as 0-30 being low, 30-60 medium, and 60-100 high.


       Typical use of the libpwquality API:

        #include <pwquality.h>


               pwquality_settings_t *pwq;
               int rv;
               void *auxerror;
               char buf[PWQ_MAX_ERROR_MESSAGE_LEN];

               pwq = pwquality_default_settings();
               if (pwq == NULL) {
                       fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", pwquality_strerror(buf, sizeof(buf), PWQ_ERROR_MEM_ALLOC, NULL));
                       return -1;

               if ((rv=pwquality_read_config(pwq, NULL, &auxerror)) != 0) {
                       fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", pwquality_strerror(buf, sizeof(buf), rv, auxerror));
                       return -1;

               rv = pwquality_check(pwq, buf, NULL, user, &auxerror);

               if (rv >= 0) {
                       fprintf(stderr, "Password entropy score is: %d\n", rv);
               } else {
                       fprintf(stderr, "Password is rejected with error: %s\n", pwquality_strerror(buf, sizeof(buf), rv, auxerror));




       Tomas Mraz <>